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A Pilot Trial on Effect of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Individuals With Multiple Chemical Sensitivities (MCS)

2014-07-24 14:17:52 | BioPortfolio

Summary

OBJECTIVES

The objective is to evaluate the effect of an 8-week mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) programme on psychological - and somatic symptoms, and illness perceptions in individuals with self- reported multiple chemical sensitivities.

PARTICIPANTS

Participants will be recruited among respondents to a survey on the consequences of self-reported symptoms related to inhalation of airborne chemicals conducted by the Danish Research Centre for Chemical Sensitivities.

DESIGN

The pilot trial is designed as a randomized trial on the effect of MBCT versus treatment as usual.

INTERVENTION

The MBCT programme includes 2½ hours of group training at the Psychiatric Centre, Rigshospitalet once a week for 8 weeks. Furthermore participants are encouraged to practice at home for up to 45 min per day, 6 days a week during the entire course.

OUTCOME MEASURES

Effect of MBCT will be estimated from individual scores on psychometric scales

Description

BACKGROUND

Multiple chemical sensitivities is a collective term used to describe illness from exposure to common environ-mental agents. A recent Danish population-based cross sectional study reported that 27% of the respondents reported various symptoms from exposure to common environmental agents. In 19% of the respondents symptoms had led to behavioral changes and in 3.3% of the respondents to adjustments in either social life or occupational conditions, and in 0.5% to adjustments in both social life and occupational conditions. Multiple chemical sensitivities is not acknowledged as a clinical diagnose in Denmark and the Danish Healthcare System has no clinical guidelines for management of people who report this type of illness.

OBJECTIVES

To evaluate the effect of an 8-week mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) programme on psychological - and somatic symptoms, and illness perceptions in individuals with self- reported multiple chemical sensitivities.

PARTICIPANTS

Participants will be recruited among respondents to a survey on the consequences of self-reported symptoms related to inhalation of airborne chemicals conducted by the Danish Research Centre for Chemical Sensitives.

DESIGN

The pilot trial is designed as a randomized trial on the effect of MBCT versus treatment as usual. Eligible participants (n= 42) stratified by occupational status (e.g. employed/not employed) will be randomized to either intervention (MBCT) or treatment as usual.

INTERVENTION

The MBCT programme includes 2½ hours of group training at the Psychiatric Centre, Rigshospitalet once a week for 8 weeks. Furthermore participants are encouraged to practice at home for up to 45 min per day, 6 days a week during the entire course.

OUTCOME MEASURES

Effect of MBCT will be estimated from individual scores on the following psychometric scales: Symptom-Check List-92, The Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire, Perceived Stress Scale-10 and The Subjective Health Complaints-inventory. Estimations will be carried out at baseline, four weeks after start of MBCT programme, eight weeks after start of MBCT programme, and three months after ending the MBCT programme.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Multiple Chemical Sensitivities

Intervention

Minfulness-based cognitive therapy

Location

The Danish Research Centre for Chemical Sensitivities
Gentofte
Denmark
2820

Status

Recruiting

Source

University Hospital, Gentofte, Copenhagen

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:17:52-0400

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