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Effect of Dutasteride on Androgen-Response Gene Expression in Patients With Advanced Prostate Cancer

2014-08-27 03:31:00 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine if the drug dutasteride increases expression of genes that slow the growth of prostate cancer during treatment with intermittent androgen ablation therapy (hormone therapy).

Description

We have shown in a murine model of treatment with intermittent androgen ablation therapy of prostate cancer that when dutasteride is given during the regrowth phase (off-phase) of intermittent therapy, that tumor growth is inhibited and that survival is improved. We have also shown that testosterone is a more potent inducer of certain tumor suppressor androgen response genes than dihydrotestosterone. In this murine model, we showed that use of a 5-alpha reductase inhibitor (dutasteride) resulted in significant hyperinduction of the U19 tumor suppressor androgen response gene during the regrowth phase of treatment. In the current clinical trial, we will determine if use of dutasteride in men with advanced prostate cancer during the off-phase of intermittent androgen ablation therapy will also result in hyperinduction of these tumor suppressor androgen response genes. Gene expression will be measured in tumor tissue obtained by prostate biopsies during the off-phase when the testosterone level has normalized. PSA levels will also be measured to determine the PSA doubling time during the off-phase to determine the effect of dutasteride on PSA kinetics.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Prostate Cancer

Intervention

Dutasteride, Placebo

Location

University of Chicago Hospitals and Clinics
Chicago
Illinois
United States
60637

Status

Recruiting

Source

NorthShore University HealthSystem Research Institute

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:31:00-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A glycoprotein that is a kallikrein-like serine proteinase and an esterase, produced by epithelial cells of both normal and malignant prostate tissue. It is an important marker for the diagnosis of prostate cancer.

A synthetic retinoid that is used orally as a chemopreventive against prostate cancer and in women at risk of developing contralateral breast cancer. It is also effective as an antineoplastic agent.

Tissue ablation of the PROSTATE performed by ultrasound from a transducer placed in the RECTUM. The procedure is used to treat prostate cancer (PROSTATIC NEOPLASMS) and benign prostatic hypertrophy (PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA).

Proteins secreted by the prostate gland. The major secretory proteins from the human prostate gland include PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN, prostate-specific acid phosphatase, prostate-specific membrane antigen, and prostate-specific protein-94.

Tumors or cancer of the PROSTATE.

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