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Bioequivalence Study of Didanosine in Children Treated for HIV

2014-08-27 03:31:00 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to show that the administration of 400/mg/m2/day of didanosine(ddI) during the meal is bioequivalent to the administration of 240/mg/m2/day of didanosine during fasting, in HIV infected children treated by a ARV combination including ddI

Description

The didanosine is one of the reverse transcriptase inhibitors. This drug is efficient against the viral replication of the HIV. Licensing for the children was obtained in June, 1992. The main problem of the didanosine is its poor bioavailability: although gastro-resistant capsules were developed, its bioavailability remains dependent on alimentation. Taking a meal 1-2 hours before the administration of ddI leads to a reduction of 50% of its bioavailability as well for the child as for the adult. It is therefore recommended to take ddI during fasting period. This regimen in some cases can decrease therapeutic observance. A pharmacokinetic study of ddI will be conducted during the meal with 240 mg/m2/day during fasting period compare to 400 mg/m2/day during the meal. 26 patients, aged more than 6 years old, will be included and randomised in 2 groups. The first group will take the standard dose of ddI during 28 days during fasting period (phase A), then the high dose during the meal during 28 days (phase B). The second group will take first the phase B and secondly the phase A. Patients will be sequentially evaluated both after the first and the second period of treatment for pharmacokinetics and biological analysis.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

HIV Infections

Intervention

didanosine, didanosine

Location

Hopital Necker
Paris
France
75015

Status

Suspended

Source

Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:31:00-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A dideoxynucleoside compound in which the 3'-hydroxy group on the sugar moiety has been replaced by a hydrogen. This modification prevents the formation of phosphodiester linkages which are needed for the completion of nucleic acid chains. Didanosine is a potent inhibitor of HIV replication, acting as a chain-terminator of viral DNA by binding to reverse transcriptase; ddI is then metabolized to dideoxyadenosine triphosphate, its putative active metabolite.

A dideoxynucleoside compound in which the 3'-hydroxy group on the sugar moiety has been replaced by a hydrogen. This modification prevents the formation of phosphodiester linkages which are needed for the completion of nucleic acid chains. The compound is an inhibitor of HIV replication, acting as a chain-terminator of viral DNA by binding to reverse transcriptase. Its principal side effect is nephrotoxicity. In vivo, dideoxyadenosine is rapidly metabolized to DIDANOSINE (ddI) by enzymatic deamination; ddI is then converted to dideoxyinosine monophosphate and ultimately to dideoxyadenosine triphosphate, the putative active metabolite.

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Infections with viruses of the family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE. This includes MORBILLIVIRUS INFECTIONS; RESPIROVIRUS INFECTIONS; PNEUMOVIRUS INFECTIONS; HENIPAVIRUS INFECTIONS; AVULAVIRUS INFECTIONS; and RUBULAVIRUS INFECTIONS.

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