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Effectiveness of HIV/Sexually Transmitted Infection Training for Physicians in China

2014-08-27 03:31:53 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This study will evaluate the effectiveness of a physician training program, the Ai Shi Zi program, in improving HIV/sexually transmitted infection diagnosis, treatment, and management by Chinese physicians and in reducing the number of subsequent infections in their patients.

Description

HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are among the foremost public health concerns worldwide, with the number of infections continuing to rise significantly. Specifically, in China, the number of cases of HIV is estimated to rise from 650,000 in 2006 to more than 10 million by the year 2010. The reasons for the drastic increase may be associated with a lack of education about proper condom use and consequences of sexual risk behaviors and the existing stigma toward HIV/STI patients. Therefore, increased knowledge of HIV/STI prevention and treatment is necessary for both physicians and patients in China. A program that provides training in HIV/STI prevention, treatment, and management to physicians may be an effective means of enhancing their abilities to deliver high quality, integrated HIV/STI prevention and treatment. The Ai Shi Zi program, which provides training on stigma, risk-reduction counseling methods, and treatment skills to county and township level physicians in China, may be an effective means of implementing HIV/STI training. This study will evaluate the effectiveness of the Ai Shi Zi program in improving HIV/STI diagnosis, treatment, and management by Chinese physicians and in reducing the number of subsequent HIV/STI infections in their patients.

Participants in this study will include county level physicians and their patients and township level physicians. All physicians will first undergo baseline assessments that will include questions about knowledge of HIV/STI, capability of administering HIV/STI screening and risk-reduction counseling, and attitudes toward working with HIV/STI-infected individuals. Physicians will then be assigned randomly to receive the Ai Shi Zi program or no training.

Physician training in the Ai Shi Zi program will consist of multiple components: an orientation workshop on fundamental knowledge and skills of HIV/STI treatment and prevention, a 3-month practice period, a 3-month post-practice seminar on preventive counseling, another 3-month practice period, and a 6-month post-practice seminar on clinical HIV and STI management. Physicians will keep weekly journals during both 3-month practice periods, citing the most interesting or difficult STI or HIV case they experienced during the week. The practice periods will promote learning-by-doing to further enhance physicians' abilities to deliver high quality, integrated HIV/STI prevention and treatment. Both post-practice seminars will allow physicians to share experiences gained during the previous 3-month practice period. County level physicians will receive the seminar training from experts in the fields of HIV/STIs, behavioral counseling, and stigma reduction. After completing the first post-practice seminar, the county level physicians then, in turn, will present the training to the township level physicians. All physicians will undergo repeat baseline assessments at post-training; post-practice seminars; and Months 1, 2, and 15 after orientation.

Upon completion of the 6-month post-practice seminar, physicians will begin to implement the Ai Shi Zi program in their clinics. Each patient participant who seeks treatment from physician participants, who have received either Ai Shi Zi training or no training, will first undergo a test for chlamydia and gonorrhea. On this initial visit, the physicians who have received the Ai Shi Zi program will provide HIV/STI risk-behavior counseling to their patients. The counseling will include discussion of topics such as partner notification, HIV/STI prevention, expected difficulties in changing behaviors, and development of a risk-reduction plan. Patient participants will then return within 2 weeks to receive their test results and additional behavioral counseling. If the STI is confirmed by the lab test, patients will be treated with standard care and will be asked to complete an assessment. The assessment will include a 30-minute interview about HIV/STI-related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, practices, service utilization, and risk behaviors. Nine months after baseline, patient participants will undergo a repeat interview.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

HIV Infections

Intervention

Physician Ai Shi Zi training, Standard care, Patient risk-reduction counseling

Location

Anhui Medical University
Hefei
Anhui
China

Status

Recruiting

Source

National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:31:53-0400

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