Effectiveness of HIV/Sexually Transmitted Infection Training for Physicians in China

2014-08-27 03:31:53 | BioPortfolio


This study will evaluate the effectiveness of a physician training program, the Ai Shi Zi program, in improving HIV/sexually transmitted infection diagnosis, treatment, and management by Chinese physicians and in reducing the number of subsequent infections in their patients.


HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are among the foremost public health concerns worldwide, with the number of infections continuing to rise significantly. Specifically, in China, the number of cases of HIV is estimated to rise from 650,000 in 2006 to more than 10 million by the year 2010. The reasons for the drastic increase may be associated with a lack of education about proper condom use and consequences of sexual risk behaviors and the existing stigma toward HIV/STI patients. Therefore, increased knowledge of HIV/STI prevention and treatment is necessary for both physicians and patients in China. A program that provides training in HIV/STI prevention, treatment, and management to physicians may be an effective means of enhancing their abilities to deliver high quality, integrated HIV/STI prevention and treatment. The Ai Shi Zi program, which provides training on stigma, risk-reduction counseling methods, and treatment skills to county and township level physicians in China, may be an effective means of implementing HIV/STI training. This study will evaluate the effectiveness of the Ai Shi Zi program in improving HIV/STI diagnosis, treatment, and management by Chinese physicians and in reducing the number of subsequent HIV/STI infections in their patients.

Participants in this study will include county level physicians and their patients and township level physicians. All physicians will first undergo baseline assessments that will include questions about knowledge of HIV/STI, capability of administering HIV/STI screening and risk-reduction counseling, and attitudes toward working with HIV/STI-infected individuals. Physicians will then be assigned randomly to receive the Ai Shi Zi program or no training.

Physician training in the Ai Shi Zi program will consist of multiple components: an orientation workshop on fundamental knowledge and skills of HIV/STI treatment and prevention, a 3-month practice period, a 3-month post-practice seminar on preventive counseling, another 3-month practice period, and a 6-month post-practice seminar on clinical HIV and STI management. Physicians will keep weekly journals during both 3-month practice periods, citing the most interesting or difficult STI or HIV case they experienced during the week. The practice periods will promote learning-by-doing to further enhance physicians' abilities to deliver high quality, integrated HIV/STI prevention and treatment. Both post-practice seminars will allow physicians to share experiences gained during the previous 3-month practice period. County level physicians will receive the seminar training from experts in the fields of HIV/STIs, behavioral counseling, and stigma reduction. After completing the first post-practice seminar, the county level physicians then, in turn, will present the training to the township level physicians. All physicians will undergo repeat baseline assessments at post-training; post-practice seminars; and Months 1, 2, and 15 after orientation.

Upon completion of the 6-month post-practice seminar, physicians will begin to implement the Ai Shi Zi program in their clinics. Each patient participant who seeks treatment from physician participants, who have received either Ai Shi Zi training or no training, will first undergo a test for chlamydia and gonorrhea. On this initial visit, the physicians who have received the Ai Shi Zi program will provide HIV/STI risk-behavior counseling to their patients. The counseling will include discussion of topics such as partner notification, HIV/STI prevention, expected difficulties in changing behaviors, and development of a risk-reduction plan. Patient participants will then return within 2 weeks to receive their test results and additional behavioral counseling. If the STI is confirmed by the lab test, patients will be treated with standard care and will be asked to complete an assessment. The assessment will include a 30-minute interview about HIV/STI-related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, practices, service utilization, and risk behaviors. Nine months after baseline, patient participants will undergo a repeat interview.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention


HIV Infections


Physician Ai Shi Zi training, Standard care, Patient risk-reduction counseling


Anhui Medical University




National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:31:53-0400

Clinical Trials [7405 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Effect of Counseling on Psychological Stress Amongst Women Felt to be at High Risk for Breast Cancer Development

To evaluate 1) the extent of patient overestimation of breast cancer development risk in subjects referred to a physician-based high-risk breast clinic; 2) the ability of physician counsel...

HIV Prevention Counseling for Men Who Have Sex With Men

The purpose of this study is to see if a behavioral intervention, a special kind of counseling, can reduce the risk of HIV infection in men who have sex with men. The behavioral interventi...

STD Risk Reduction for Heterosexual Methamphetamine Users

This study will evaluate the effectiveness of a sexual risk reduction intervention in reducing sexual risk behavior in HIV uninfected, heterosexual people who use methamphetamine.

Drug Counseling and Abstinent-Contingent Take-Home Buprenorphine in Malaysia

A randomized clinical trial evaluating whether Behavioral Drug and HIV Risk Reduction Counseling (BDRC), abstinence-contingent take-home buprenorphine (ACB), or the combination of the two ...

Medication Reconciliation at Discharge: Impact on Patient's Care

Patient's discharge from hospital is associated with iatrogenic events for 12 to 17% of patients. This risk may be linked with discontinuity of care between hospital physicians and Primary...

PubMed Articles [39628 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Training physicians in behavioural change counseling: A systematic review.

Poor health behaviours (e.g., smoking, physical inactivity) represent major underlying causes of non-communicable chronic diseases (NCDs). Prescriptive behaviour change interventions employed by physi...

An Intervention Tool to Increase Patient-Physician Discussion of Lifestyle Risk Factors for Breast Cancer.

Risk assessment and discussion of lifestyle in primary care are crucial elements of breast cancer prevention and risk reduction. Our objective was to evaluate the impact of a breast cancer risk assess...

Reciprocity within patient-physician and patient-spouse/caregiver dyads: insights into patient-centered care.

To explore the reciprocal process of decisional conflict within the patient-physician dyad, and its relationship with patient general health and patient-perceived physician helpfulness. Among the subs...

Factors influencing U.S. physicians' decision to provide behavioral counseling.

Prevention and treatment of non-communicable diseases is critical due to high costs of healthcare and increasing prevalence. Historical trends suggest physicians underperform in behavioral counseling ...

A Pilot, Randomized Controlled Trial of HIV Self-Testing and Real-Time Post-Test Counseling/Referral on Screening and Preventative Care Among Men Who Have Sex with Men.

HIV self-testing (HST) could be an effective strategy for helping those at high risk test more regularly. However, concerns about HST's lack of follow-up care and referral have so far limited its use....

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An organized and comprehensive program of health care that identifies and reduces a woman's reproductive risks before conception through risk assessment, health promotion, and interventions. Preconception care programs may be designed to include the male partner in providing counseling and educational information in preparation for fatherhood, such as genetic counseling and testing, financial and family planning, etc. This concept is different from PRENATAL CARE, which occurs during pregnancy.

The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.

A traditional term for all the activities which a physician or other health care professional normally performs to insure the coordination of the medical services required by a patient. It also, when used in connection with managed care, covers all the activities of evaluating the patient, planning treatment, referral, and follow-up so that care is continuous and comprehensive and payment for the care is obtained. (From Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2nd ed)

Care of patients by a multidisciplinary team usually organized under the leadership of a physician; each member of the team has specific responsibilities and the whole team contributes to the care of the patient.

Allows patient diagnoses in the physician’s office, in other ambulatory setting or at bedside. The results of care are timely, and allow rapid treatment to the patient. (from NIH Fact Sheet Point-of-Care Diagnostic Testing, 2010.)

More From BioPortfolio on "Effectiveness of HIV/Sexually Transmitted Infection Training for Physicians in China"

Quick Search


Relevant Topics

AIDS; Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV; Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV infection causes AIDS. HIV infection also causes the production of anti-HIV antibodies, which forms the test for HIV in patients. People who have the HIV antibodies are ...

Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles Sepsis Swine Flu Tropical Medicine Tuberculosis Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic...

Human Immuno Deficiency Virus (HIV)
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), the causative agent of AIDS. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus, more commonly known as HIV, is a member of the lentivirus sub-set of the retrovirus family of pathogens. It causes AIDS, or Acquired Immuno Deficiency Sy...

Searches Linking to this Trial