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Methionine-Restriction Diet (MRD) in Obese Adults With Metabolic Syndrome

2014-08-27 03:32:00 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine if limiting dietary methionine (MET), one of the 10 essential amino acids (which make up proteins), causes weight loss and/or improves glucose metabolism.

Description

Methionine deficient diets have been shown to increase metabolic rate, decrease weight and extend lifespan in rodents. A methionine deficient diet has been tested for 17 weeks in humans without adverse events and with an average weight loss of 8 kg. This study will test the ability of a low methionine diet to cause weight loss and improve the metabolic syndrome. The metabolic syndrome is driven by insulin resistance which is associated with abdominal fat, so this study hopes to reduce visceral fat, body weight and improve insulin resistance.

Twenty-four healthy males or females 21 to 60 years of age, inclusive with a stable weight and a waist circumference >40" in men and >35" in women will participate in this study. Subjects will need at least two of the following: 1) HDL cholesterol < 40 mg/dL in men or < 50 mg/dl in women; 2) triglycerides > 150 mg/dL, 3) blood pressure >130/85 mmHg; 4) fasting glucose 110-125 mg/dL. Subjects who have diabetes, a history of heart attack, stroke, have had cancer in the last five years or take chronic medication for a significant illness will be excluded.

Subjects will have a medical history, physical examination, chemistry panel, complete blood count (CBC), electrocardiogram, DEXA, abdominal CT scan to quantitate visceral fat, and blood will be sent to Orentreich for glucose, insulin, C-peptide, lipid profile with particle size, free fatty acids, adiponectin, leptin, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and insulin-like growth factor-1. Subjects will also undergo a hyperinsulinemic, euglycemic clamp to quantitate insulin resistance during an 18 hr inpatient stay, and will spend 24 hours in the metabolic chamber to measure metabolic rate. Subjects will then be placed on a diet of Hominex-2, a drink that will give them their protein in an amount based on their body weight, and they will see a dietitian who will give them a list of food they can eat consisting mainly of fruits, vegetables and a small amount of grains. Calories will not be restricted and subjects will receive a choline supplement of 500 mg/d. Subjects will be randomized to receive capsules containing methionine or placebo based on their body weight. The two groups will be on 2mg/kg/d or 23 mg/kg/d of methionine.

Participants will return to PBRC every 2 weeks throughout the 16-week diet period to meet with the dietician, have weight and vital signs recorded, and have fasting blood drawn every 4 weeks to be sent to Orentreich for compliance measures.

The physical exam, multi-slice CT scan, DEXA, inpatient admission for euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp, metabolic chamber stay, and the blood testing obtained at screening and baseline will be repeated at the completion of the 16 week diet period.

There are no known risks to the low methionine diet, but some people may have gastrointestinal upsets when they change their diet. The risk of the CT scan is exposure to x-radiation equivalent to a front and side view chest x-ray. The risk of the DEXA is the exposure to x-irradiation equivalent to spending 12 hours in the sunshine. There are no risks to staying in the metabolic chamber. The hyperinsulinemic, euglycemic clamp could cause low blood sugar. This will be avoided by frequent monitoring of blood sugar, and if the low blood sugar were to occur, the test would be stopped and sugar given through the intravenous line. The testing of blood involves the discomfort of a needle going into an arm vein, bruising and rarely fainting or infection. These risks will be minimized by trained technicians using sterile needles.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Metabolic Syndrome

Intervention

Methionine deficient diet, Methionine sufficient diet

Status

Completed

Source

Pennington Biomedical Research Center

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:32:00-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A diet that contains limited amounts of fat with less than 30% of calories from all fats and less than 10% from saturated fat. Such a diet is used in control of HYPERLIPIDEMIAS. (From Bondy et al, Metabolic Control and Disease, 8th ed, pp468-70; Dorland, 27th ed)

A preparation of METHIONINE that includes a mixture of D-methionine and L-methionine isomers.

A course of food intake that is high in FATS and low in CARBOHYDRATES. This diet provides sufficient PROTEINS for growth but insufficient amount of carbohydrates for the energy needs of the body. A ketogenic diet generates 80-90% of caloric requirements from fats and the remainder from proteins.

A course of food intake that is high in FATS and low in CARBOHYDRATES. This diet provides sufficient PROTEINS for growth but insufficient amount of carbohydrates for the energy needs of the body. A ketogenic diet generates 80-90% of caloric requirements from fats and the remainder from proteins.

A diet that contains limited amounts of CARBOHYDRATES. This is in distinction to a regular DIET.

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