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Effect of Protein-Restricted Diet on Nitrogen Balance and Residual Renal Function in Peritoneal Dialysis (PD) Patients

2014-08-27 03:32:17 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Current therapy recommendations suggest a low protein diet to preserve residual renal function (RRF) before the start of dialysis, but a higher protein intake during dialysis to prevent protein-energy wasting (PEW). We conducted a randomized trial to test whether low protein intake also during treatment with peritoneal dialysis (PD) would be safe and associated with a preserved RRF.

Description

Dietary protein is the major source of nitrogen excreted as urea by the kidney, and a decreased protein intake has been associated with a retardation of kidney function loss in non-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. While a low protein diet is recommended to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients before the start of dialysis to preserve residual renal function(RRF), current therapy recommendations in dialysis are for a normal protein intake of no less than 1.2 g of protein/kg ideal body weight (IBW)/day to prevent protein-energy wasting (PEW).

We hypothesized that a lower protein intake would be safe and able to slow the loss of RRF also in dialysis patients and conducted two prospective, randomized trials involving a total of 94 peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients to test our hypothesis.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Chronic Kidney Disease

Intervention

diets contained different levels of protein

Status

Completed

Source

Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:32:17-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Conditions in which the KIDNEYS perform below the normal level for more than three months. Chronic kidney insufficiency is classified by five stages according to the decline in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE and the degree of kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA). The most severe form is the end-stage renal disease (CHRONIC KIDNEY FAILURE). (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002)

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The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.

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Abnormal enlargement or swelling of a KIDNEY due to dilation of the KIDNEY CALICES and the KIDNEY PELVIS. It is often associated with obstruction of the URETER or chronic kidney diseases that prevents normal drainage of urine into the URINARY BLADDER.

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