Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Children with cerebral palsy commonly undergo "multilevel surgery", meaning several lower limb combined procedures performed during the same surgical intervention. The aim of this type of surgery is to correct all deformities together in order to restore near to normal anatomy and muscular function. It is very important to be able to obtain good range of motion after surgery, in order to consolidate surgical results. During the first days after the operation, children are sore and it may be difficult to realize adequate physical therapy. In order to palliate this situation, MEOPA gaz is used during REHAB sessions. Good results have been obtained so far but no study is available to demonstrate these results. The goal of our research is to prove that there is a benefit in using MEOPA postoperatively in these patients.
The study is a randomized, single blinded, controlled clinical trial. It consist of two groups of patients: one group will receive MEOPA (FDA approval-"AMM" in France, 2003) and the other will receive medical air.
Results, in terms of articular range of motion, will be compared between groups after five sessions of REHAB. The following items will be evaluated: degree of pain, measured by a pain scale; joint ROM; number of sessions to obtain the desired results; parents, patients and caregivers satisfaction.
Patients aging from 6 to 20 years will be included if they meet selection criteria. Inclusions are confirmed before the first session starts. At this time, informed consent is to be signed by patients or parents and the Clinical Epidemiology Unit will assign a study number to the patient.
All patients get morphine therapy before the REHAB session; a new dose is administrated 10 minutes later if pain is higher than 4/10; ten minutes later, if pain is still over 4/10, MEOPA (or medical air) will be administrated. If this is not enough to diminish pain, the session will be interrupted. Five physical therapy sessions are provided after surgery, during inpatient time.
Knee ROM will be measured by goniometry and will be the measure of reference to evaluate the influence of MEOPA. Two types of pain scale will be used: analogical scale from 1 to 10 and faces scale (FPS-R) for small children.
For security reasons, the person who administrates de gaz will be informed of the nature of the product (MEOPA or medical air), the bottle will be masked and the therapist won't know what kind of product is being administrated.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment
MEOPA, Medicinal air
Robert Debré University Hospital
Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:18:31-0400
The Canadian Cerebral Palsy (CP) Registry is a confidential, nation-wide collection of medical and social information about children with cerebral palsy. The Registry was first implemented...
Cerebral Palsy (CP) is characterized by a sensory-motor deficiency, involving disturbance of muscle tone, posture and voluntary movement. Children who are afflicted need special intense ca...
The purpose of this study is to determine the radiographic and clinical outcomes of Scoliosis surgical treatment in patients with Cerebral Palsy.
Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most prevalent physical disabilities originating in childhood. Crouch gait is a common gait abnormality in patients with cerebral palsy, which is common treated ...
HCPs will complete questionnaires about their patients with Cerebral Palsy (CP) and invite parents/caregivers of these patients to fill in questionnaires as well. Questionnaires include qu...
For many decades the conventional wisdom was that the sole etiology for cerebral palsy is difficult delivery. The adverse outcome associated with cerebral palsy was intuitively related to complication...
Few population-based studies of cerebral palsy have been done in low-income and middle-income countries. We aimed to examine cerebral palsy prevalence and subtypes, functional impairments, and presume...
The present study investigated the annual prevalence of cerebral palsy (CP) among children aged
Currently, hip surveillance programs for children with cerebral palsy exist in Europe, Australasia, and parts of Canada, but a neuromuscular hip surveillance program has yet to be adopted in the Unite...
To assess the efficacy and safety of сortexin in the treatment of children with cerebral palsy (CP) combined with epilepsy.
A heterogeneous group of nonprogressive motor disorders caused by chronic brain injuries that originate in the prenatal period, perinatal period, or first few years of life. The four major subtypes are spastic, athetoid, ataxic, and mixed cerebral palsy, with spastic forms being the most common. The motor disorder may range from difficulties with fine motor control to severe spasticity (see MUSCLE SPASTICITY) in all limbs. Spastic diplegia (Little disease) is the most common subtype, and is characterized by spasticity that is more prominent in the legs than in the arms. Pathologically, this condition may be associated with LEUKOMALACIA, PERIVENTRICULAR. (From Dev Med Child Neurol 1998 Aug;40(8):520-7)
Degeneration of white matter adjacent to the CEREBRAL VENTRICLES following cerebral hypoxia or BRAIN ISCHEMIA in neonates. The condition primarily affects white matter in the perfusion zone between superficial and deep branches of the MIDDLE CEREBRAL ARTERY. Clinical manifestations include VISION DISORDERS; CEREBRAL PALSY; PARAPLEGIA; SEIZURES; and cognitive disorders. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1021; Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1997, Ch4, pp30-1)
A familial, cerebral arteriopathy mapped to chromosome 19q12, and characterized by the presence of granular deposits in small CEREBRAL ARTERIES producing ischemic STROKE; PSEUDOBULBAR PALSY; and multiple subcortical infarcts (CEREBRAL INFARCTION). CADASIL is an acronym for Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy. CADASIL differs from BINSWANGER DISEASE by the presence of MIGRAINE WITH AURA and usually by the lack of history of arterial HYPERTENSION. (From Bradley et al, Neurology in Clinical Practice, 2000, p1146)
A rare central nervous system demyelinating condition affecting children and young adults. Pathologic findings include a large, sharply defined, asymmetric focus of myelin destruction that may involve an entire lobe or cerebral hemisphere. The clinical course tends to be progressive and includes dementia, cortical blindness, cortical deafness, spastic hemiplegia, and pseudobulbar palsy. Concentric sclerosis of Balo is differentiated from diffuse cerebral sclerosis of Schilder by the pathologic finding of alternating bands of destruction and preservation of myelin in concentric rings. Alpers' Syndrome refers to a heterogeneous group of diseases that feature progressive cerebral deterioration and liver disease. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p914; Dev Neurosci 1991;13(4-5):267-73)
Loss of higher cortical functions with retained awareness due to multiple cortical or subcortical CEREBRAL INFARCTION. Memory, judgment, attention span, and impulse control are often impaired, and may be accompanied by PSEUDOBULBAR PALSY; HEMIPARESIS; reflex abnormalities, and other signs of localized neurologic dysfunction. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1060)
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...