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Study of Eye Bank Pre-cut Donor Grafts for Endothelial Keratoplasty

2014-07-24 14:18:40 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Descemet's stripping with endothelial keratoplasty (DSEK) is a cornea-sparing transplant technique that replaces only the diseased endothelial cell layer of the patient's cornea. The DSEK technique requires lamellar dissection of the donor tissue prior to implantation in the patient's eye. The surgeon usually dissects the donor cornea with a microkeratome at the time of surgery. Recently some eye banks have begun to pre-cut the donor graft as an added service. The purpose of this study was to compare outcomes with eye bank pre-cut and surgeon-dissected donor grafts for DSEK.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Fuchs Endothelial Dystrophy

Intervention

Descemet's stripping endothelial keratoplasty

Location

Cornea Research Foundation of America
Indianapolis
Indiana
United States
46260

Status

Completed

Source

Cornea Research Foundation of America

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:18:40-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A surgical procedure or KERATOPLASTY involving selective stripping and replacement of diseased host DESCEMET MEMBRANE and CORNEAL ENDOTHELIUM with a suitable and healthy donor posterior lamella. The advantage to this procedure is that the normal corneal surface of the recipient is retained, thereby avoiding corneal surface incisions and sutures.

Disorder caused by loss of endothelium of the central cornea. It is characterized by hyaline endothelial outgrowths on Descemet's membrane, epithelial blisters, reduced vision, and pain.

Loss of CORNEAL ENDOTHELIUM usually following intraocular surgery (e.g., cataract surgery) or due to FUCHS' ENDOTHELIAL DYSTROPHY; ANGLE-CLOSURE GLAUCOMA; IRITIS; or aging.

A 200-230-kDa tyrosine kinase receptor for vascular endothelial growth factors found primarily in endothelial and hematopoietic cells and their precursors. VEGFR-2 is important for vascular and hematopoietic development, and mediates almost all endothelial cell responses to VEGF.

A vascular endothelial growth factor that specifically binds to VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTOR RECEPTOR-2 and VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTOR RECEPTOR-3. In addition to being an angiogenic factor it can act on LYMPHATIC VESSELS to stimulate LYMPHANGIOGENESIS. It is similar in structure to VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTOR C in that they both contain N- and C-terminal extensions that were not found in other VEGF family members.

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