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Use of drugs and alcohol is associated with a variety of health care problems, making settings where adolescents receive routine medical care ideal for implementation of routine screening and early intervention. However, little research has been conducted on the efficacy of interventions for adolescent primary care patients who are using drugs or alcohol. Urine drug testing can be used for a variety of indications, including school or work based population surveillance, verification of history, or monitoring of individuals who are in treatment for a drug-use disorder. This study will focus exclusively on the therapeutic use of urine drug testing. Drug testing can be a useful therapeutic adjuvant for patients with drug-use disorders in a variety of settings.
This study will investigate the use of random laboratory drug testing as a therapeutic intervention for teens with drug problem use, abuse or dependence. We have 5 objectives:
1. To develop a standardized protocol for random urine drug testing, produce a manual and training protocol, and refine the protocol in preparation for a future efficacy trial.
2. To estimate the cost of a random drug-testing program.
3. To determine the factors that are associated with willingness to be tested, and barriers to enrolling adolescents in laboratory drug testing programs.
4. To perform an initial, small-scale experimental trial of the random drug testing protocol. The purpose of this trial is to estimate the effect size of the intervention and will be used in calculating the sample size for a future stage 1b trial.
5. To determine the potential risks to adolescents who participate in a random drug testing program, including possible breach of confidentiality, greater conflict between the parent and child, more difficulty with communication between clinician and patient, increased use of drugs not detected by routine urine screens (i.e. inhalants), and increased use of strategies and products known to defeat drug tests.
Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label
Random Drug Testing Program
Children's Hospital Boston
Children's Hospital Boston
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:32:43-0400
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