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Ph. I Temozolomide + O6-BG + Irinotecan in Treatment of Pts w Recurrent / Progressive Cerebral Anaplastic Gliomas

2014-07-24 14:18:53 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Objectives:

To determine maximum tolerated dose of CPT-11 when administered following Temodar plus O6-benzylguanine To characterize any toxicity associated w combo of CPT-11 + Temodar plus O6-BG To observe pts for clinical antitumor response when treated w combo of CPT-11 + Temodar + O6-BG

Description

Objectives of study: to determine maximum tolerated dose of CPT-11 when administered following Temodar + O6-benzylguanine (O6-BG); to characterize any toxicity associated w combo of CPT-11 + Temodar + O6-BG; to observe pts for clinical antitumor response when treated w combo of CPT-11 + Temodar plus O6-BG. Pts have histologically confirmed diagnosis of recurrent primary malignant glioma. 2 separate strata accrued independently of each other: Stratum 1-pts receiving Dilantin, Tegretol/phenobarbital. Stratum 2-pts on anti-convulsants other than Dilantin, Tegretol/phenobarbital/pts not on any anti-convulsants. Each strata will be treated & escalated independent of each other.

Pre-chemo, O6-BG administered intravenously at 120 mg/m2, over 1hr, prior to administration of Temodar on day 1 of 21-day cycle. Post-chemo, O6-BG administered intravenously at 30 mg/m2/day, over 48hrs, immediately after completion of the CPT-11 infusion on day 1 of 21-day cycle. Temodar administered orally at 355 mg/m2, in fasting state, within 60 minutes of the end of 1hr O6-BG infusion. Treatment cycles may be repeated every 3 weeks following dose of Temozolomide from previous cycle. CPT-11 will be administered intravenously in fasting state over 90min. CPT-11 infusion will begin 1hr after Temozolomide administration. Initial doses 60 mg/m2 for stratum 1 & 40 mg/m2 for stratum 2. Treatment cycles may be repeated every 3 wks following dose of CPT-11 from previous cycle.

Major toxicities associated w CPT- 11 are myelosuppression & diarrhea. Temozolomide has been well tolerated by both adults & children w most common toxicity being mild myelosuppression. Other, less likely, potential toxicities include nausea & vomiting, constipation, headache, alopecia, rash, burning sensation of skin, esophagitis, pain, diarrhea, lethargy, & hepatotoxicity. Hypersensitivity reactions have not yet been noted w Temozolomide. As is case w many anti-cancer drugs, Temozolomide may be carcinogenic. O6-BG toxicities include transient lymphopenia has been seen w O6-BG as single agent. O6-BG in combo w other agents could cause exacerbation of any adverse event currently known to be caused by other agent,/ combo may result in events never previously associated w either agent. Animal studies indicated that agitation, lethargy, convulsions, nausea, vomiting, rapid heart rate, elevated liver functions, leukopenia, lymphopenia could be seen.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Glioblastoma

Intervention

Temodar, O6-BG, and Irinotecan

Location

Duke University Health System
Durham
North Carolina
United States
27710

Status

Completed

Source

Duke University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:18:53-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Benign and malignant central nervous system neoplasms derived from glial cells (i.e., astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, and ependymocytes). Astrocytes may give rise to astrocytomas (ASTROCYTOMA) or glioblastoma multiforme (see GLIOBLASTOMA). Oligodendrocytes give rise to oligodendrogliomas (OLIGODENDROGLIOMA) and ependymocytes may undergo transformation to become EPENDYMOMA; CHOROID PLEXUS NEOPLASMS; or colloid cysts of the third ventricle. (From Escourolle et al., Manual of Basic Neuropathology, 2nd ed, p21)

A malignant form of astrocytoma histologically characterized by pleomorphism of cells, nuclear atypia, microhemorrhage, and necrosis. They may arise in any region of the central nervous system, with a predilection for the cerebral hemispheres, basal ganglia, and commissural pathways. Clinical presentation most frequently occurs in the fifth or sixth decade of life with focal neurologic signs or seizures.

A TGF-beta subtype that was originally identified as a GLIOBLASTOMA-derived factor which inhibits the antigen-dependent growth of both helper and CYTOTOXIC T LYMPHOCYTES. It is synthesized as a precursor molecule that is cleaved to form mature TGF-beta2 and TGF-beta2 latency-associated peptide. The association of the cleavage products results in the formation a latent protein which must be activated to bind its receptor.

Intracranial tumors originating in the region of the brain inferior to the tentorium cerebelli, which contains the cerebellum, fourth ventricle, cerebellopontine angle, brain stem, and related structures. Primary tumors of this region are more frequent in children, and may present with ATAXIA; CRANIAL NERVE DISEASES; vomiting; HEADACHE; HYDROCEPHALUS; or other signs of neurologic dysfunction. Relatively frequent histologic subtypes include TERATOMA; MEDULLOBLASTOMA; GLIOBLASTOMA; ASTROCYTOMA; EPENDYMOMA; CRANIOPHARYNGIOMA; and choroid plexus papilloma (PAPILLOMA, CHOROID PLEXUS).

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