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The objective of this study is to examine whether four different spices (ginger, black pepper, horseradish and mustard) are able to increase energy metabolism.
Since chili and other spices have been shown to increase energy expenditure compared to placebo, we expect that some or all of the four spices may actually increase energy expenditure - although not to a large degree.
Several pungent food ingredients, such as chili,and also other bioactive food ingredients, e.g. green tea, have been shown to be able to increase energy expenditure and fat oxidation during the hours following a meal containing the bioactive ingredient. Furthermore, we will also look at the subjects own feelings of appetite and thereby examine whether the appetite is affected by the spicy food. We expect to see some small effects on these parameters.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Investigator), Primary Purpose: Prevention
ginger, black pepper, horseradish, mustard, placebo
Department of Human Nutrition, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University
University of Copenhagen
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:33:08-0400
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The main objective of the study is to evaluate the thermogenic effect of ginger.
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A common spice from fruit of PIPER NIGRUM. Black pepper is picked unripe and heaped for a few days to ferment. White Pepper is the ripe fruit dehulled by maceration in water. Piperine is a key component used medicinally to increase gastrointestinal assimilation of other supplements and drugs.
Any of several BRASSICA species that are commonly called mustard. Brassica alba is white mustard, B. juncea is brown or Chinese mustard, and B. nigra is black, brown, or red mustard. The plant is grown both for mustard seed from which oil is extracted and for greens or animal feed. It was formerly used as an emetic, counter-irritant, and carminative. There is no relationship to MUSTARD COMPOUNDS.
A plant species in the PIPERACEAE plant family. It is a common spice on foods and is used medicinally to increase gastrointestinal assimilation of other supplements and drugs. Piperine is a key component. Black pepper is picked unripe and heaped for a few days to ferment. White Pepper is the ripe fruit dehulled by maceration in water.
A family of flowering plants in the order Piperales best known for the black pepper widely used in SPICES, and for KAVA and Betel used for neuroactive properties.
An enzyme isolated from horseradish which is able to act as an antigen. It is frequently used as a histochemical tracer for light and electron microscopy. Its antigenicity has permitted its use as a combined antigen and marker in experimental immunology.
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