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Capsaicin Cough Threshold in Chronic Cough Due to Postnasal Drip

2014-08-27 03:33:59 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This study is being done to find out why some people with mucus dripping down the back of their throat have a nagging cough while others do not cough.

Description

The objective of the protocol is to determine the pathogenesis of cough in diseases of the aerodigestive tract. There were over 24 million ambulatory chronic cough visits nationally in 1991 and over 8,000 visits in 2004 at MCR. Current guidelines for chronic cough are based on case series and on empirical expert opinions. Studies have implicated mucosal inflammation, heightened sensitivity of capsaicin cough receptors on peripheral nerves and elaboration of inflammatory mediators including tussigenic neuropeptides. There are gaps in our knowledge of what triggers cough in many disease states. For example, postnasal drip syndrome has been estimated to account for 70% of chronic cough, yet it is known that not all patients with postnasal drip have chronic cough. Our hypothesis is that there must be critical factor/s that cause cough in one patient with postnasal drip but not in another. This study will evaluate whether there exists differences in capsaicin cough sensitivity, neuropeptides levels and mucosal inflammation in patients with postnasal drip and chronic cough and compared to its natural control group, subjects with postnasal drip with and without chronic cough. After standard therapy to eliminate postnasal drip, repeat measurement of capsaicin sensitivity and nitric oxide levels will be obtained. There is a critical need to determine the mechanisms underlying cough for better management. The study results will provide insight and fill gaps in our knowledge and will serve to advance future work evaluating mechanisms of cough in other disease states including asthma, GERD, interstitial lung disease and smokers.

Study Design

Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Post Nasal Drip

Location

Mayo Clinic
Rochester
Minnesota
United States
55905

Status

Completed

Source

Mayo Clinic

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:33:59-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Fluid obtained by irrigation or washout of the nasal cavity and NASAL MUCOSA. The resulting fluid is used in cytologic and immunologic assays of the nasal mucosa such as with the NASAL PROVOCATION TEST in the diagnosis of nasal hypersensitivity.

The proximal portion of the respiratory passages on either side of the NASAL SEPTUM. Nasal cavities, extending from the nares to the NASOPHARYNX, are lined with ciliated NASAL MUCOSA.

Application of allergens to the nasal mucosa. Interpretation includes observation of nasal symptoms, rhinoscopy, and rhinomanometry. Nasal provocation tests are used in the diagnosis of nasal hypersensitivity, including RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL.

Diagnostic measurement of the nose and its cavity through acoustic reflections. Used to measure nasal anatomical landmarks, nasal septal deviation, and nasal airway changes in response to allergen provocation tests (NASAL PROVOCATION TESTS).

The partition separating the two NASAL CAVITIES in the midplane. It is formed by the SEPTAL NASAL CARTILAGE, parts of skull bones (ETHMOID BONE; VOMER), and membranous parts.

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