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To validate the pharyngeal constriction ration, a surrogate measure of pharyngeal strength on fluoroscopy by comparing it with simultaneous pharyngeal manometry.
The specific aim of this study is to validate the pharyngeal constriction ration, a surrogate measure of pharyngeal strength on fluoroscopy by comparing it with simultaneous pharyngeal manometry. Combined videofluoroscopic swallowing studies with pharyngeal manometry are commonly used in the evaluation of dysphagia. However, no published study has compared the results of simultaneous pharyngeal manometry with objective timing and displacement measures on videofluoroscopy. These objective measures, such as the pharyngeal constriction ratio, were developed here at UCD and are not yet routinely used by other practitioners. A secondary aim of this study will be to corroborate recent data in the literature suggesting that the presence of feeding tube through the upper esophageal sphincter does not affect the oropharyngeal phase of deglutition. This topic is currently under hot debate in the speech language pathology realm and has important implications for the evaluation of hospitalized patients with dysphagia.
Observational Model: Case-Only, Time Perspective: Retrospective
University of California Davis Medical Center
Active, not recruiting
University of California, Davis
Published on BioPortfolio: 2010-07-15T17:00:00-0400
The aim of this research was to develop a dysphagia screening measure and evaluate the prevalence of dysphagia ant its clinical manifestation in different in age population groups.
This study validates 3 well known dysphagia scores for dysphagia due to malignancies of the oesophagus and gastro-oesophageal junction and to the Swedish language.
The purpose of this study is to characterize oral-pharyngeal swallow function with the guidance of videofluoroscopy under two conditions, with and without cervical bracing, in patients det...
Muscle tension dysphagia is a novel diagnostic taxonomy describing a subset of patient population with reported dysphagia who exhibit normal oropharyngeal and esophageal swallowing functio...
The aim of the study is to investigate the relationship between dysphagia symptom severity and quality of life of the patients with neurogenic dysphagia.
Dysphagia is frequent and clinically highly relevant in Parkinson's disease (PD). For a rational dysphagia screening predictors are required. Previous investigations suggested that drooling correlates...
Hospital-associated dysphagia, characterized by deconditioning of swallowing as a result of hospitalization, is sometimes observed in patients with aspiration pneumonia (AP). Cognitive impairment is k...
Trauma patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) are at heightened risk for oropharyngeal dysphagia and pulmonary aspiration. Timely and appropriate referrals for dysphagia may reduce mortali...
Early dysphagia screening and appropriate management are recommended by current guidelines to reduce complications and case fatality in acute stroke. However, data on the potential benefit of changes ...
There is a high prevalence of dysphagia among patients with neuromuscular diseases and cerebrovascular diseases, and its consequences can be profound. However, the correlation between dysarthria and o...
Difficulty in SWALLOWING which may result from neuromuscular disorder or mechanical obstruction. Dysphagia is classified into two distinct types: oropharyngeal dysphagia due to malfunction of the PHARYNX and UPPER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER; and esophageal dysphagia due to malfunction of the ESOPHAGUS.
A hypermotility disorder of the ESOPHAGUS that is characterized by spastic non-peristaltic responses to SWALLOWING; CHEST PAIN; and DYSPHAGIA.
Acute types of coxsackievirus infections or ECHOVIRUS INFECTIONS that usually affect children during the summer and are characterized by vesiculoulcerative lesions on the MUCOUS MEMBRANES of the THROAT; DYSPHAGIA; VOMITING, and FEVER.
A syndrome of DYSPHAGIA with IRON-DEFICIENCY ANEMIA that is due to congenital anomalies in the ESOPHAGUS (such as cervical esophageal webs). It is known as Patterson-Kelly syndrome in the United Kingdom.
Pathological enlargement of the LINGUAL THYROID, ectopic thyroid tissue at the base of the TONGUE. It may cause upper AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION; DYSPHAGIA; or HYPOTHYROIDISM symptoms.