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The primary goal of this study is to assess the safety of Plexisyl-AF administered by direct application to the cardiac fat pads in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. Secondary goals of the study are to assess the potential response of Plexisyl-AF to reduce the occurrence of postoperative atrial fibrillation and assess the performance of the electrostimulator device to confirm the location of the epicardial fat pads (nerves). The occurrence of postoperative atrial fibrillation will be monitored by continuous cardiac monitoring.
The purpose of this study is to investigate a non-surgical and non-destructive approach to providing a temporary, protective parasympathectomy as a means to reducing postoperative atrial fibrillation following cardiac surgery. Applications of Plexisyl-AF will be placed in the cardiac fat pads as a means for creating a "non-destructive" cardiac denervation.
This is a randomized assessment to demonstrate the safety of Plexisyl-AF in patients undergoing open heart surgery. Eligible patients will be those submitted to undergo open-chest CABG. Patients will receive Plexisyl-AF, administered via direct application to the SA nodal and AV nodal epicardial fat pads during the surgical procedure.
Patients will be monitored for the occurrence of atrial fibrillation via the use of continuous cardiac monitoring for a period of 120 hours following surgery. Patients will return the clinic for brief follow-up, including electrocardiographic recordings, 10 days, 30 days and 90 days after the date of surgery.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention
Plexisyl-AF, No Treatment
Heart Center Dresden
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:34:58-0400
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Silent atrial fibrillation (AF) episodes are common but the role of anticoagulation treatment is under debate.
Rapid, irregular atrial contractions caused by a block of electrical impulse conduction in the right atrium and a reentrant wave front traveling up the inter-atrial septum and down the right atrial free wall or vice versa. Unlike ATRIAL FIBRILLATION which is caused by abnormal impulse generation, typical atrial flutter is caused by abnormal impulse conduction. As in atrial fibrillation, patients with atrial flutter cannot effectively pump blood into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES).
Long-term changes in the electrophysiological parameters and/or anatomical structures of the HEART ATRIA that result from prolonged changes in atrial rate, often associated with ATRIAL FIBRILLATION or long periods of intense EXERCISE.
A cardiotonic glycoside obtained mainly from Digitalis lanata; it consists of three sugars and the aglycone DIGOXIGENIN. Digoxin has positive inotropic and negative chronotropic activity. It is used to control ventricular rate in ATRIAL FIBRILLATION and in the management of congestive heart failure with atrial fibrillation. Its use in congestive heart failure and sinus rhythm is less certain. The margin between toxic and therapeutic doses is small. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p666)
Impaired or delayed impulse conduction between the right and left HEART ATRIA. Advanced interatrial blocks are often associated with arrhythmias (e.g., ATRIAL FLUTTER; and ATRIAL FIBRILLATION), direct conduction block via the Bachmann's bundle and concomitant left atrial enlargement. Syndrome of advanced interatrial block associated with SUPRAVENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA is referred to as Bayes syndrome.
A morpholine and thiophene derivative that functions as a FACTOR XA INHIBITOR and is used in the treatment and prevention of DEEP-VEIN THROMBOSIS and PULMONARY EMBOLISM. It is also used for the prevention of STROKE and systemic embolization in patients with non-valvular ATRIAL FIBRILLATION, and for the prevention of atherothrombotic events in patients after an ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME.
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