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The Effect of Vitamin K2 on Bone Turnover

2014-08-27 03:35:29 | BioPortfolio

Summary

To investigate the effect of menatetrenone on bone turnover in postmenopausal patients with osteoporosis. One month of menatetrenone therapy enhanced the secretion and gamma-carboxylation of osteocalcin. Moderate increases of bone resorption and formation markers were observed after 6 months. These changes may contribute to fracture prevention in patients with osteoporosis.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Osteoporosis

Intervention

Menatetrenone (Vitamin K2)

Location

Kumagaya-shi
Saitama Prefecture
Japan
350-0831

Status

Completed

Source

Eisai Inc.

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:35:29-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Reduction of bone mass without alteration in the composition of bone, leading to fractures. Primary osteoporosis can be of two major types: postmenopausal osteoporosis (OSTEOPOROSIS, POSTMENOPAUSAL) and age-related or senile osteoporosis.

A lipid cofactor that is required for normal blood clotting. Several forms of vitamin K have been identified: VITAMIN K 1 (phytomenadione) derived from plants, VITAMIN K 2 (menaquinone) from bacteria, and synthetic naphthoquinone provitamins, VITAMIN K 3 (menadione). Vitamin K 3 provitamins, after being alkylated in vivo, exhibit the antifibrinolytic activity of vitamin K. Green leafy vegetables, liver, cheese, butter, and egg yolk are good sources of vitamin K.

A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN D in the diet, insufficient production of vitamin D in the skin, inadequate absorption of vitamin D from the diet, or abnormal conversion of vitamin D to its bioactive metabolites. It is manifested clinically as RICKETS in children and OSTEOMALACIA in adults. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1406)

OXIDOREDUCTASES which mediate vitamin K metabolism by converting inactive vitamin K 2,3-epoxide to active vitamin K.

A family of phylloquinones that contains a ring of 2-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone and an isoprenoid side chain. Members of this group of vitamin K 1 have only one double bond on the proximal isoprene unit. Rich sources of vitamin K 1 include green plants, algae, and photosynthetic bacteria. Vitamin K1 has antihemorrhagic and prothrombogenic activity.

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