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High-Dose Chemotherapy With or Without Total-Body Irradiation Followed by Autologous Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Patients With Hematologic Cancer or Solid Tumors

2014-08-27 03:35:55 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This pilot trial studies different high-dose chemotherapy regimens with or without total-body irradiation (TBI) to compare how well they work when given before autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) in treating patients with hematologic cancer or solid tumors. Giving high-dose chemotherapy with or without TBI before ASCT stops the growth of cancer cells by stopping them from dividing or killing them. After treatment, stem cells are collected from the patient's blood or bone marrow and stored. More chemotherapy may be given to prepare for the stem cell transplant. The stem cells are then returned to the patient to replace the blood forming cells that were destroyed by the chemotherapy.

Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Estimate the progression free survival (PFS) distribution for Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and multiple myeloma (MM) for each disease-specific high dose therapy regimen.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Estimate the PFS distribution for amyloidosis, acute leukemia and selected solid tumors for each disease-specific high dose therapy regimen.

II. Explore the role of risk factors in the outcome of all treated patients. III. Examine the high dose therapy regimen-related toxicity (RRT) and overall survival after bone marrow transplant (BMT).

OUTLINE:

Patients are assigned to conditioning regimens based on disease, age, and co-morbidities.

Study Design

Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Remission

Intervention

etoposide, cyclophosphamide, carmustine, melphalan, busulfan, carboplatin, thiotepa, total-body irradiation, autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, autologous-autologous tandem hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

Location

Roswell Park Cancer Institute
Buffalo
New York
United States
14263

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

Roswell Park Cancer Institute

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:35:55-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A semisynthetic derivative of PODOPHYLLOTOXIN that exhibits antitumor activity. Etoposide inhibits DNA synthesis by forming a complex with topoisomerase II and DNA. This complex induces breaks in double stranded DNA and prevents repair by topoisomerase II binding. Accumulated breaks in DNA prevent entry into the mitotic phase of cell division, and lead to cell death. Etoposide acts primarily in the G2 and S phases of the cell cycle.

A very toxic alkylating antineoplastic agent also used as an insect sterilant. It causes skin, gastrointestinal, CNS, and bone marrow damage. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985), thiotepa may reasonably be anticipated to be a carcinogen (Merck Index, 11th ed).

An alkylating nitrogen mustard that is used as an antineoplastic in the form of the levo isomer - MELPHALAN, the racemic mixture - MERPHALAN, and the dextro isomer - MEDPHALAN; toxic to bone marrow, but little vesicant action; potential carcinogen.

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Precursor of an alkylating nitrogen mustard antineoplastic and immunosuppressive agent that must be activated in the LIVER to form the active aldophosphamide. It has been used in the treatment of LYMPHOMA and LEUKEMIA. Its side effect, ALOPECIA, has been used for defleecing sheep. Cyclophosphamide may also cause sterility, birth defects, mutations, and cancer.

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