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RATIONALE: Learning about how often heartburn and other risk factors occur in brothers and sisters and other family members of patients with Barrett's esophagus may help identify other individuals at risk and identify genes for Barrett's esophagus.
PURPOSE: This clinical trial is studying genes for Barrett's esophagus in brothers and sisters.
- To investigate the familial incidence of heartburn and Barrett's esophagus in first and second degree relatives of patients with Barrett's esophagus in the United Kingdom.
- To determine susceptibility genes for Barrett's esophagus in affected sibling pairs.
- To examine gene-environment interactions, such as smoking, alcohol, and Helicobacter pylori status, on familial susceptibility to heartburn and Barrett's esophagus.
- To compare the mortality from esophageal adenocarcinoma in family members with heartburn and Barrett's esophagus with deaths from other causes.
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.
Patients complete a family history questionnaire. Epidemiological data is also collected about environmental exposures, such as smoking and alcohol history. Any siblings or other living family members affected by heartburn identified from this survey are then contacted to validate their symptoms/diagnoses and to collect other relevant epidemiological data. Family members with heartburn are offered a screening endoscopy for the presence of Barrett's esophagus. In the absence of an endoscopy, a symptom nomogram predictive for the presence of Barrett's esophagus is used.
Patients and their siblings, as well as any other willing family member (affected or non-affected) are asked to have a blood sample (EDTA tube for genetic analysis and a serum sample for Helicobacter pylori status) taken by their physician. Genomic DNA is extracted from lymphocytes and a genome-wide scan is performed using a standard marker set. A computer program is used to verify sibling relationships. Individuals not found to be full siblings are excluded from subsequent analyses. Maximum likelihood score (MLS) and the nonparametric linkage score (NPL) is used to estimate the degree of linkage.
All study participants are flagged with the National Health Service (NHS) Central Register to ascertain the future mortality from esophageal adenocarcinoma compared with deaths from other causes.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 200 sibling pairs will be accrued for this study.
comparative genomic hybridization, genetic linkage analysis, laboratory biomarker analysis, questionnaire administration, study of high risk factors
Hutchison Cancer Research Unit
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:20:38-0400
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Astroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Barrett's Esophagus Celiac Disease Cholesterol Crohn's Disease Gastroenterology Hepatitis Hepatology Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Pancreatitis Peptic Ulcer Disease...
Barrett’s esophagus is a condition in which the tissue lining the esophagus—the muscular tube that carries food and liquids from the mouth to the stomach—is replaced by tissue that is similar to the intestinal lining. This process is ca...