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The Effect of Early Iron Deficiency on Developmental Brain and Behavior in Infants

2014-08-27 03:36:46 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this project to examine brain functions and behavior related to ID including sensory ,motor, cognitive and social /emotional functioning, and address unanswered questions about brain and behavior impacts of different timing of ID(pre- and /or postnatal ID) in infants.

Description

Iron deficiency (ID) is the most common single nutrient disorder in the world. Pregnant women and children before pre-school age are at highest risk. Data from animal models provide evidence that early ID affected developing brain in specific regions and functions by varies processes include myelination, dopamine neurotransmitter system, and neurometabolism. These impacts appeared differential at different time of brain development and different brain regions, depending on the timing of ID. The reversibility of these effects also appeared to depend on the timing of ID. This project uses innovative neuropsychologic/ neurophysiologic and behavioral techniques, such as event-related potentials(ERP), ABR and VEP, to study brain functions and behavior related to ID including sensory ,motor, cognitive and social /emotional functioning, and address unanswered questions about brain and behavior impacts of different timing of ID(pre- and /or postnatal ID) in the human infants. This research has the potential to understand reversibility of effects depending on timing of ID and treatment as well as basic understanding of mechanism of impact of ID in human developing brain. It may also have important implications with regard to policy of interventions for different timing of ID, and improve children early development and the quality of population.

Study Design

Observational Model: Defined Population, Time Perspective: Longitudinal, Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Iron Deficiency

Intervention

iron

Location

Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine
Hangzhou
Zhejiang
China
310003

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Zhejiang University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:36:46-0400

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PubMed Articles [3307 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Iron or iron compounds used in foods or as food. Dietary iron is important in oxygen transport and the synthesis of the iron-porphyrin proteins hemoglobin, myoglobin, cytochromes, and cytochrome oxidase. Insufficient amounts of dietary iron can lead to iron-deficiency anemia.

Anemia characterized by decreased or absent iron stores, low serum iron concentration, low transferrin saturation, and low hemoglobin concentration or hematocrit value. The erythrocytes are hypochromic and microcytic and the iron binding capacity is increased.

A multifunctional iron-sulfur protein that is both an iron regulatory protein and cytoplasmic form of aconitate hydratase. It binds to iron regulatory elements found on mRNAs involved in iron metabolism and regulates their translation. Its rate of degradation is increased in the presence of IRON.

A multifunctional iron-sulfur protein that is both an iron regulatory protein and cytoplasmic form of aconitate hydratase. It binds to iron regulatory elements found on mRNAs involved in iron metabolism and regulates their translation. Its RNA binding ability and its aconitate hydrolase activity are dependent upon availability of IRON.

Anemia characterized by a decrease in the ratio of the weight of hemoglobin to the volume of the erythrocyte, i.e., the mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration is less than normal. The individual cells contain less hemoglobin than they could have under optimal conditions. Hypochromic anemia may be caused by iron deficiency from a low iron intake, diminished iron absorption, or excessive iron loss. It can also be caused by infections or other diseases, therapeutic drugs, lead poisoning, and other conditions. (Stedman, 25th ed; from Miale, Laboratory Medicine: Hematology, 6th ed, p393)

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