Effects of Fetal Movement Counting in Third Trimester of Pregnancy

2014-08-27 03:36:48 | BioPortfolio


The aim is to test effects of using formal kick counting chart in the third trimester of pregnancy in an unselected population. The research questions are:

Does Fetal Movement Counting:

1. Improve the identification of risk pregnancies/pathology?

2. Affect the women's well-being?

3. Stimulate maternal-fetal attachment antepartum?


Fetal activity serves as an indirect measure of central nervous system integrity and function, and regular FM can be regarded as an expression of fetal well-being.A hypoxic fetus responds automatically by redistributing blood away from the non-essential organs which lead to a reduction of non-vital activities; movements. Conversely, pregnancies in which the mother report decreased fetal movements (DFM) is associated with adverse outcomes and may indicate danger for the fetus. In cases were DFM are associated with complications of pregnancy, maternal lack of sensitivity and awareness to fetal movements may be a risk factor for her pregnancy. The most important current identifier of DFM is the women's perception of what is a decrease of FM. Fetal movement counting may be a tool for the mothers that might increase identification of risk pregnancies.

The outcome measures are (referring to the research questions above):

1. Identification of risk pregnancies/pathology?

1. Primary outcome measures: Numbers of identified pathological conditions in pregnancies (fetal growth restriction (FGR), acute caesarean section on fetal indication/non-reactive non-stress test (NST), oligohydramnios, pathologic blood flow in arteria umbilicalis, maternal perception of absent fetal movements for more than 24 hours before admission to hospital, or perinatal death).

2. Secondary outcome measures: Frequency of consultations because of maternal concern, use of resources in evaluation of these pregnancies (NST, ultrasound, Doppler, recurrent consultations), induced or spontaneous start of delivery, mode of birth.

2. Affect the women's well-being?

1. Primary outcome measure: Maternal concern.

2. Secondary outcome measure: Maternal satisfaction with use of FMC and sense of control in interpretation of signals from own body and child.

3. Stimulate maternal-fetal attachment antepartum?

1. Primary outcome measure: Maternal-fetal attachment.

2. Secondary outcome measure: Health promoting behavior in pregnancy (smoking habits, use of alcohol, attending standard program for antenatal care).

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Basic Science


Fetal Movement


Fetal Movement Counting


Norwegian Institute of Public Health


Active, not recruiting


Norwegian Institute of Public Health

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:36:48-0400

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PubMed Articles [3369 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

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To assess the association of fetal movement counting with perinatal mortality.

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Physical activity of the FETUS in utero. Gross or fine fetal body movement can be monitored by the mother, PALPATION, or ULTRASONOGRAPHY.

A complication of pregnancy in which the UMBILICAL CORD wraps around the fetal neck once or multiple times. In some cases, cord entanglement around fetal neck may not affect pregnancy outcome significantly. In others, the nuchal cord may lead to restricted fetal blood flow, oxygen transport, fetal development, fetal movement, and complicated delivery at birth.

A nonreassuring fetal status (NRFS) indicating that the FETUS is compromised (American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists 1988). It can be identified by sub-optimal values in FETAL HEART RATE; oxygenation of FETAL BLOOD; and other parameters.

Prenatal interventions to correct fetal anomalies or treat FETAL DISEASES in utero. Fetal therapies include several major areas, such as open surgery; FETOSCOPY; pharmacological therapy; INTRAUTERINE TRANSFUSION; STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION; and GENE THERAPY.

Pregnancy complication where fetal blood vessels, normally inside the umbilical cord, are left unprotected and cross FETAL MEMBRANES. It is associated with antepartum bleeding and FETAL DEATH and STILLBIRTH due to exsanguination.

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