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Genetic Polymorphisms Associated With Cigarette Smoking and Risk of Graves’ Disease

2014-07-24 14:20:52 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Cigarette smoking is a well-recognized risk factor of Graves’ disease and, particularly, Graves’ ophthalmopathy. Hence, germline polymorphisms of detoxification genes and genes belonging to the major DNA repair/apoptosis pathways might have an important role in disease susceptibility. In addition, as some of these genes are regulated by thyroid hormones, they could affect the outcome of these patients. Our objective was to assess the influence of the GST, CYP and TP53 gene polymorphisms in the risk of Graves' disease and its outcome.

Description

Although the role of many polymorphisms of genes related to toxins’ metabolism has been extensively investigated regarding the susceptibility to thyroid cancer, their influence in thyroid autoimmune diseases risk is still largely unknown. Hence, this study was designed to assess the influence of GSTT1, GSTM1, GSTP1, CYP1A1 and 72TP53 polymorphic inheritance on the susceptibility to Graves' disease and to its response to the treatment.

Study Design

Observational Model: Case Control, Observational Model: Natural History, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional, Time Perspective: Retrospective/Prospective

Conditions

Graves' Disease

Status

Completed

Source

University of Campinas, Brazil

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:20:52-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A common form of hyperthyroidism with a diffuse hyperplastic GOITER. It is an autoimmune disorder that produces antibodies against the THYROID STIMULATING HORMONE RECEPTOR. These autoantibodies activate the TSH receptor, thereby stimulating the THYROID GLAND and hypersecretion of THYROID HORMONES. These autoantibodies can also affect the eyes (GRAVES OPHTHALMOPATHY) and the skin (Graves dermopathy).

An autoimmune disorder of the EYE, occurring in patients with Graves disease. Subtypes include congestive (inflammation of the orbital connective tissue), myopathic (swelling and dysfunction of the extraocular muscles), and mixed congestive-myopathic ophthalmopathy.

Immune-mediated inflammation of the PITUITARY GLAND often associated with other autoimmune diseases (e.g., HASHIMOTO DISEASE; GRAVES DISEASE; and ADDISON DISEASE).

Cell surface proteins that bind pituitary THYROTROPIN (also named thyroid stimulating hormone or TSH) and trigger intracellular changes of the target cells. TSH receptors are present in the nervous system and on target cells in the thyroid gland. Autoantibodies to TSH receptors are implicated in thyroid diseases such as GRAVES DISEASE and Hashimoto disease (THYROIDITIS, AUTOIMMUNE).

Autoantibodies that bind to the thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor (RECEPTORS, THYROTROPIN) on thyroid epithelial cells. The autoantibodies mimic TSH causing an unregulated production of thyroid hormones characteristic of GRAVES DISEASE.

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