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Sleep Apnea and Tromboembolic Disease

2014-08-27 03:37:22 | BioPortfolio

Summary

There is some evidence for a hypercoagulable state in sleep apnea-hipopnea syndrome (SAHS), which could play a role in the increased cardiovascular morbility and mortality. Respiratory alterations (hypoxia, hypoxia- reoxygenation) and sleep fragmentation that these patients suffer during the sleep may induce modifications in clotting-fibrinolisis factors that may be a risk factor for venous thromboembolism (VTE).

OBJECTIVES:To calculate and compare the prevalence of sleep apnea-hipopnea syndrome in patients with venous thromboembolism with a gender, aged and BMI matched control group. Assessment of the association between SAHS and other risk factors for VTE. To compare clotting- fibrinolisis patterns, sleep parameters, blood pressure and pulmonary arterial obstruction index in patients with SAHS and VTE and those ones without SAHS.

Description

DESIGN: Case-control study.

METHODS: 133 SAHS patients and 133 controls will be studied. The study includes:

a) medical history; b) anthropometric variables (weight, height, body mass index, Mallampati index); c) sleepiness tested by Epworth scale; d) London Chest Activity of Daily Living Scale; e) conventional polysomnography (PSG); f) testing: clotting-fibrinolisis factors (factor V, VII, VIII; C and S protein, plasminogen tissular activator (t-PA) and inhibitor of plasminogen activator (PAI-1); g) d-dimer and thrombin-antithrombin III complex; h) basic biochemical profile and hemograma; i) Pulmonary artery obstruction index.

Study Design

Observational Model: Case Control, Primary Purpose: Screening, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional, Time Perspective: Retrospective/Prospective

Conditions

Sleep Apnea Syndromes

Location

Hospital Universitario Son Dureta
Palma de Mallorca
Baleares
Spain
07014

Status

Recruiting

Source

Sociedad Española de Neumología y Cirugía Torácica

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:37:22-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Disorders characterized by multiple cessations of respirations during sleep that induce partial arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep. Sleep apnea syndromes are divided into central (see SLEEP APNEA, CENTRAL), obstructive (see SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE), and mixed central-obstructive types.

A condition associated with multiple episodes of sleep apnea which are distinguished from obstructive sleep apnea (SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE) by the complete cessation of efforts to breathe. This disorder is associated with dysfunction of central nervous system centers that regulate respiration. This condition may be idiopathic (primary) or associated with lower brain stem lesions; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (LUNG DISEASES, OBSTRUCTIVE); HEART FAILURE, CONGESTIVE; medication effect; and other conditions. Sleep maintenance is impaired, resulting in daytime hypersomnolence. Primary central sleep apnea is frequently associated with obstructive sleep apnea. When both forms are present the condition is referred to as mixed sleep apnea (see SLEEP APNEA SYNDROMES). (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395; Neurol Clin 1996;14(3):611-28)

Dyssomnias (i.e., insomnias or hypersomnias) associated with dysfunction of internal sleep mechanisms or secondary to a sleep-related medical disorder (e.g., sleep apnea, post-traumatic sleep disorders, etc.). (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)

A disorder characterized by recurrent apneas during sleep despite persistent respiratory efforts. It is due to upper airway obstruction. The respiratory pauses may induce HYPERCAPNIA or HYPOXIA. Cardiac arrhythmias and elevation of systemic and pulmonary arterial pressures may occur. Frequent partial arousals occur throughout sleep, resulting in relative SLEEP DEPRIVATION and daytime tiredness. Associated conditions include OBESITY; ACROMEGALY; MYXEDEMA; micrognathia; MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY; adenotonsilar dystrophy; and NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395)

Periods of sleep manifested by changes in EEG activity and certain behavioral correlates; includes Stage 1: sleep onset, drowsy sleep; Stage 2: light sleep; Stages 3 and 4: delta sleep, light sleep, deep sleep, telencephalic sleep.

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