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Participants will be asked to do the following:
1. A screening session in which you will take part in a diagnostic interview that will take about 2-3 hours to complete and will address your medical history. If you've recently participated in one of Dr. Haupt's or Dr. Newcomer's studies (HRPO #03-1281, 01-0134, or 04-0191) you may not have to complete this screening interview.
2. An ultrasound test of your heart and blood vessels where an ultrasound machine will use sound waves to create images that allow the main blood vessels in your neck to be examined. You will be lying down for the procedure, and a colorless gel will be applied to the side of your neck where the handheld probe (called a transducer) will be placed. The transducer will then be gently moved over each side of your neck. This procedure will take approximately 30 minutes.
3. A magnetic resonance image (MRI) study where the amount of fat in your liver will be measured. The MRI involves having your body painlessly scanned inside a tubular machine, while lying on a table for about 45 minutes.
4. Some routine blood tests to assess glucose (sugar) and lipid (fat) control and liver function, as well as an additional hepatitis screen if you have a history of hepatitis. You will go to the Intensive Research Unit (IRU) or Clinical Trials Unit (CTU) after an 8 to 10-hour overnight fast (except water). Approximately 42 ml (3 tablespoons) of blood will be obtained from you, and you will also have your height, weight, blood pressure, and waist and hip measurements taken. This will take approximately one hour.
5. A dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scan to measure your body fat and body muscle content. The DEXA scan involves lying on a table in a private room wearing a hospital gown for about 15 minutes while a machine silently measures the amount of fat in your body. The DEXA scan is part of the research study and gives the researcher a picture of how much fat is in your body.
In comparison to the general population, major mental illness is associated with higher rates of heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. These problems can result in a life span that can be up to 25 years shorter than in people without a major mental illness. This study uses established medical tests that can predict how you might be affected. The purpose of this study is to compare the risk for these disorders in people with schizophrenia with the risk for these disorders in other people without schizophrenia.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Washington University School of Medicine
Washington University School of Medicine
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:37:23-0400
Background: Nowadays, despite a large number of studies about schizophrenia and genetics, clinical red flags for syndromic forms of schizophrenia remain poorly documented.
This study will create a DNA collection with blood samples from families with at least two siblings who have schizophrenia symptoms. This collection will help scientists identify genes tha...
Schizophrenia has long been known to be an illness with significant evidence for a genetic predisposition. The purpose of this study is to determine the genetic abnormalities that cause c...
Despite the preliminary evidence, yoga as a treatment for schizophrenia is under-examined.Studies in healthy individuals indicate yoga practices to improveself-reflection. However, whether...
The proposed study would evaluate the benefits of riluzole add-on treatment to patients with schizophrenia who are already receiving medications, but still experience symptoms. Neuroprotec...
Our ability to predict and prevent homicides committed by individuals with schizophrenia is limited. Cognitive impairments are associated with poorer functional outcome in schizophrenia, possibly also...
Patients with schizophrenia commonly suffer from impairments in various aspects of cognition. These deficits were shown to have detrimental effects on daily life functioning and might also impair car ...
Schizophrenia is a major psychiatric disorder with complex genetic, environmental, and psychological etiologies. Although DISC1 gene has been shown as a risk factor for schizophrenia in some reports, ...
Aberrant WNT signaling has been implicated in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. WNT7A, a member of the WNT gene family, is considered a potential candidate of schizophrenia. All exons of WNT7A in ...
To compare individuals with and without schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD) (schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, or psychotic disorder not otherwise specified) who die by suicide.
A chronic form of schizophrenia characterized primarily by the presence of persecutory or grandiose delusions, often associated with hallucination.
A type of schizophrenia characterized by abnormality of motor behavior which may involve particular forms of stupor, rigidity, excitement or inappropriate posture.
An obsolete concept, historically used for childhood mental disorders thought to be a form of schizophrenia.
A type of schizophrenia characterized by frequent incoherence; marked loosening of associations, or grossly disorganized behavior and flat or grossly inappropriate affect that does not meet the criteria for the catatonic type; associated features include extreme social withdrawal, grimacing, mannerisms, mirror gazing, inappropriate giggling, and other odd behavior. (Dorland, 27th ed)
An antipsychotic agent used in schizophrenia.
Radiology is the branch of medicine that studies imaging of the body; X-ray (basic, angiography, barium swallows), ultrasound, MRI, CT and PET. These imaging techniques can be used to diagnose, but also to treat a range of conditions, by allowing visuali...
Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine. Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...
Hepatology is the study of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas, and diseases associated with them. This includes viral hepatitis, alcohol damage, cirrhosis and cancer. As modern lifestyles change, with alcoholism and cancer becoming more promi...