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Effect of Patient-Centered Care (PCC) on Patient Satisfaction at Hospital Discharge

2014-07-23 21:28:52 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this randomized clinical trial is to examine the effect of Patient-Centered Care (PCC) on a patient's level of satisfaction on discharge from an acute healthcare setting. Findings from this study will assist in determining if PCC, administered by nurses, should be instituted hospital wide.

SPECIFIC AIMS:

1. To examine the effect of Patient-Centered Care on patient satisfaction.

2. To examine the effect of Patient-Centered Care on the quality of patient care.

3. To examine the effect of patient's perception of nursing care on patient satisfaction.

Description

Patient-Centered Care (PCC), also known as individualized patient care or negotiated care, focuses on the patient's right to have his/her values and beliefs respected as an individual.This respect is viewed as part of a commitment to build a deep understanding of the patient as a thinking and feeling individual with the ability to change and develop. A person-centered model of care requires a nurse to work with an individual's beliefs, values, wants, needs and desires.This adaptation to a patient's personal needs requires the nurse to be flexible, respectful, and reciprocal when providing patient care. If the patient's expectations are not appropriate to the type of care needed to heal or if the patient refuses or denies a specific type of treatment that is known as influencing ones quality of care, the nurse must negotiate with the patient. Negotiation incorporates education, which is believed to increase the patient's level of understanding. In addition, negotiation allows the nurse and patient to define a level of treatment that is specific to the patient's needs but still seen as a quality indicator.

The Institute of Medicine (IOM) has listed PCC as one of six national quality aims for improvement. The IOM's vision is that all health professionals will be educated to provide and deliver PCC as part of an interdisciplinary team. In 2001, the IOM report "Crossing the Quality Chasm: A New Health System for the 21st Century" recommends a mixture of approaches to achieve their vision . These approaches include an appropriate training environment, research, public reporting and leadership. At present, there is little evidence to support the critical role nurse clinicians' play in providing PCC and satisfying patient's needs.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Subject), Primary Purpose: Supportive Care

Conditions

Patient Centered Care

Intervention

New model of nursing care

Location

UPMC St. Margaret
Pittsburgh
Pennsylvania
United States
15237

Status

Completed

Source

University of Pittsburgh

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:28:52-0400

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