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Safety and Effectiveness of an HIV DNA Vaccine Followed by an HIV Adenoviral Vector Vaccine for Prevention of HIV Infection in the Americas and Africa

2014-08-27 03:37:31 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The development of a safe and effective vaccine is the best strategy for preventing the spread of HIV-1. The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and effectiveness of and immune responses to an HIV vaccine regimen in healthy adults at risk for HIV infection.

Description

The number of people infected by HIV-1 worldwide continues to increase. However, antiretroviral therapy is largely unavailable in low- and middle- income countries where risk of infection is very high. The development of a safe and effective vaccine to prevent HIV infection is urgently needed. This study will evaluate the effectiveness, safety, and immunogenicity of an experimental multiclade HIV vaccine, VRC-HIVDNA016-00-VP, followed by an adenovirus-vectored vaccine boost, VRC-HIVADV014-00-VP, in HIV uninfected adults. Both vaccines code for proteins from HIV subtypes A, B, and C, which together represent 75% to 85% of new HIV infections in the world. Adenoviral type 5-based vaccines have improved induction of HIV-specific CD8 cytotoxic T-lymphocyte cell responses, which correlate with lower HIV burden (viral load) and slower disease progression in primates and in HIV-1 infected people whose disease does not progress over the long term. The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and effectiveness of and immune response to a series of multiclade DNA vaccine injections followed by a booster injection of a multiclade adenovirus vaccine against HIV-1 infection in healthy adults at risk for HIV infection in North and South America, the Caribbean, and Africa.

This study will last from about 3 years to 5 years, because the length of the study depends on how quickly people enroll and how quickly during the study new HIV-1 infections occur. Study participants will be randomly assigned to receive a total of three injections of the DNA vaccine VRC-HIVDNA016-00-VP followed by one injection of the adenovirus vaccine VRC-HIVADV014-00-VP, for a total of four injections of vaccine or four injections of placebo. Injections will occur at study entry and Weeks 4, 8, and 24. Prior to the study injections, participants will have their vital signs and weight measured, and blood collection will occur. Participants will be observed in the clinic for at least 30 minutes after each injection for immediate reactions to the vaccines. At all injection visits, HIV risk-reduction counseling, HIV risk assessment, pregnancy prevention counseling, and training on how to use memory cards will also occur. For 3 to 7 days after each injection, participants will be asked to record information about injection site pain, redness, size, swelling, temperature, general well-being, and headaches on their memory cards. Additional study visits will occur on Weeks 1, 12, 28, 48, 72, 96, 120, and 144. At these visits, physical examinations, blood collection, and social impact questionnaires may also be done. Any study participants who become infected with HIV while on the study will be monitored for at least 72 weeks after diagnosis or at least 12 weeks after the study reaches its primary evaluation time point (whichever is longer). The study investigators are committed to providing access to local standard of care and treatment to those study participants who are found to be HIV-1 infected.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

HIV Infections

Intervention

VRC-HIVDNA016-00-VP, VRC-HIVADV014-00-VP, VRC-HIVDNA016-00-VP placebo, VRC-HIVADV014-00-VP placebo

Location

University of Alabama at Birmingham
Birmingham
Alabama
United States
35294

Status

Withdrawn

Source

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:37:31-0400

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