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Is IFN-Beta Treatment in MS Useful After a Washout Period in Patients With Neutralizing Antibodies to Interferon Beta

2014-08-27 03:37:45 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This study is to find out if Interferon-beta (IFN-beta) can recover its effectiveness after a washout period in patients with Multiple Sclerosis who have previously developed neutralizing antibodies to Interferon-Beta

Description

This is an explorative multi-centre, open label, non-comparative trial investigating whether it is possible to recover IFN-beta efficacy in breakthrough relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis patients with high titres of neutralizing IFN-beta antibodies.

Prior to enrollment, treated MS subjects must have been on interferon-beta-1a or interferon-beta-1b for a minimum of 12 months and have reduced bioavailability as defined by the relative expression of MxA mRNA/GAPDH.

Subjects will complete a washout period with concurrent methylprednisolone 500mg PO daily for 3 days every month until they become Neutralizing Antibody negative. Subjects will then be challenged with AVONEX 30mcg IM weekly. Bioavailability will be measured every three months to determine return of biological activity. Clinical and MRI parameters, safety and tolerability will be compared to baseline to determine efficacy.

Study Design

Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis

Intervention

Interferon-beta-1a, methylprednisolone

Location

Coordinating Research Site
NSW
Australia

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

Biogen Idec

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:37:45-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A non-glycosylated form of interferon beta-1 that has a serine at position 17. It is used in the treatment of both RELAPSING-REMITTING MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS and CHRONIC PROGRESSIVE MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS.

A form of multiple sclerosis characterized by a progressive deterioration in neurologic function which is in contrast to the more typical relapsing remitting form. If the clinical course is free of distinct remissions, it is referred to as primary progressive multiple sclerosis. When the progressive decline is punctuated by acute exacerbations, it is referred to as progressive relapsing multiple sclerosis. The term secondary progressive multiple sclerosis is used when relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis evolves into the chronic progressive form. (From Ann Neurol 1994;36 Suppl:S73-S79; Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp903-914)

An interferon beta-1 subtype that has a methionine at position 1, a cysteine at position 17, and is glycosylated at position 80. It functions as an ANTI-VIRAL AGENT and IMMUNOMODULATOR and is used to manage the symptoms of RELAPSING-REMITTING MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS.

A random polymer of L-ALANINE, L-GLUTAMIC ACID, L-LYSINE, and L-TYROSINE that structurally resembles MYELIN BASIC PROTEIN. It is used in the treatment of RELAPSING-REMITTING MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS.

An autoimmune disorder mainly affecting young adults and characterized by destruction of myelin in the central nervous system. Pathologic findings include multiple sharply demarcated areas of demyelination throughout the white matter of the central nervous system. Clinical manifestations include visual loss, extra-ocular movement disorders, paresthesias, loss of sensation, weakness, dysarthria, spasticity, ataxia, and bladder dysfunction. The usual pattern is one of recurrent attacks followed by partial recovery (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, RELAPSING-REMITTING), but acute fulminating and chronic progressive forms (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, CHRONIC PROGRESSIVE) also occur. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p903)

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