Montelukast in Very Low Birthweight Infants

2014-07-23 21:29:01 | BioPortfolio


The purpose of this study is to determine the pharmacokinetics (PK) of montelukast (Singulair) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants at risk for developing bronchopulmonary dysplasia (the need for supplemental oxygen). The investigators' long-term hypothesis is that inhibition of leukotriene signaling in the VLBW preterm lung will decrease inflammation, remodeling and the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD).


This study proposal will determine the pharmacokinetics (PK) of montelukast (cysteinyl leukotriene receptor-1 or CysLT1 inhibitor) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants between 500 - 1500g birth weight at risk for developing bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Montelukast (Singulair) is a FDA approved specific CysLT1 antagonist widely used clinically in the prophylaxis of asthma in children older than 12 months of age and blocks leukotriene signaling in the lung. BPD shares some pathogenic mechanisms with asthma, however Cysteinyl LT receptor blockade has not been studied in preterm infants. Montelukast is metabolized by the cytochrome P450 system which is immature in the preterm infant and hence the need for this study. The investigators' long-term hypothesis is that inhibition of leukotriene signaling in the VLBW preterm lung will decrease inflammation, remodeling and the incidence of BPD. The data will be used to design future efficacy trials of Montelukast in the prevention of bronchopulmonary dysplasia.

Study Design

Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Basic Science


Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia




Good Samaritan Hospital
United States




Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:29:01-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A chronic lung disease developed after OXYGEN INHALATION THERAPY or mechanical ventilation (VENTILATION, MECHANICAL) usually occurring in certain premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE) or newborn infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME, NEWBORN). Histologically, it is characterized by the unusual abnormalities of the bronchioles, such as METAPLASIA, decrease in alveolar number, and formation of CYSTS.

A disease of bone marked by thinning of the cortex and replacement of bone marrow by gritty fibrous tissue containing bony spicules, producing pain, disability, and gradually increasing deformity. Only one bone may be involved (FIBROUS DYSPLASIA, MONOSTOTIC) or several (FIBROUS DYSPLASIA, POLYOSTOTIC). (From Dorland, 28th ed)

A condition resulting from congenital malformations involving the brain. The syndrome of septo-optic dysplasia combines hypoplasia or agenesis of the SEPTUM PELLUCIDUM and the OPTIC NERVE. The extent of the abnormalities can vary. Septo-optic dysplasia is often associated with abnormalities of the hypothalamic and other diencephalic structures, and HYPOPITUITARISM.

A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN E in the diet, characterized by posterior column and spinocerebellar tract abnormalities, areflexia, ophthalmoplegia, and disturbances of gait, proprioception, and vibration. In premature infants vitamin E deficiency is associated with hemolytic anemia, thrombocytosis, edema, intraventricular hemorrhage, and increasing risk of retrolental fibroplasia and bronchopulmonary dysplasia. An apparent inborn error of vitamin E metabolism, named familial isolated vitamin E deficiency, has recently been identified. (Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1181)

An autosomal dominant form of ectodermal dysplasia which is due to mutations in the gene for the EDAR RECEPTOR.

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