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This study is designed to determine if the following are true. When protein requirements exceed metabolic requirements, blood urea nitrogen(BUN) levels will rise. Elevated BUN levels in the absence of renal failure, hepatic failure, or GI bleeding, will be correlated with improved nitrogen balance and inversely correlated with infection rates, days of mechanical ventilation, ICU days, and total hospital days.
The purpose of this study is threefold. First, to determine if a correlation exists between BUN and nitrogen balance in the context of hyperproteic nutrition administration. Creatinine clearance will also be followed to determine if there is any harmful effect to the kidney secondary to an elevated BUN. Secondly, to determine if there is a difference in hospital acquired infection rate, ventilator days, ICU days, and hospital stay between the current nutrition standard at Penn State Hershey Medical Center and a hyperproteic nutrition protocol. Thirdly, to determine the accuracy of at least three calculated creatinine clearance formulae when compared to a measured creatinine clearance.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Dose Comparison, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind, Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
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Penn State University
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:38:15-0400
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Nutritional support given via the alimentary canal or any route connected to the gastrointestinal system (i.e., the enteral route). This includes oral feeding, sip feeding, and tube feeding using nasogastric, gastrostomy, and jejunostomy tubes.
The administering of nutrients for assimilation and utilization by a patient who cannot maintain adequate nutrition by enteral feeding alone. Nutrients are administered by a route other than the alimentary canal (e.g., intravenously, subcutaneously).
The at-home administering of nutrients for assimilation and utilization by a patient who cannot maintain adequate nutrition by enteral feeding alone. Nutrients are administered via a route other than the alimentary canal (e.g., intravenously, subcutaneously).
The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.
Liquid formulations for the nutrition of INFANTS, useful for those with special needs or MILK HYPERSENSITIVITY or those whose mothers are unable to breastfeed (BREAST FEEDING).
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