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Low Dose Apomorphine and Parkinsonism

2014-08-27 03:38:35 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine if low doses of apomorphine worsen the motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease.

Description

The goal of the study is to learn why some people with Parkinson's disease (PD) get worse right after taking PD medication such as carbidopa/levodopa or as the medication is wearing off.

In this study scientists will determine if apomorphine, a drug used to treat symptoms of PD, will worsen the motor symptoms of people with PD when low doses of the drug are given as a continuous subcutaneous infusion. A continuous subcutaneous infusion means the drug is administered continuously through a small needle placed under the skin. Apomorphine, a PD drug that works similar to carbidopa/levodopa, will be used in this study because it is faster-acting and has a more brief effect than carbidopa/levodopa.

After the initial screening, participants will enter a 3-day treatment phase during which they will receive in random order low dose apomorphine, high dose apomorphine, or placebo (inactive substance). All participants will receive the study drug for 2 of the days at 2 different doses (low and high) and a placebo for 1 day. During the 3 days participants will provide blood samples and have their hearts monitored. Parkinsonism will be monitored each day by speed of finger tapping, foot tapping and walking as well as tremor and dyskinesia scores.

Duration of the study for participants is approximately 4 to 5 days including 1-2 outpatient visits and a 3-day inpatient hospital stay.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Parkinson's Disease

Intervention

apomorphine

Location

Department of Neurology, Oregon Health and Science University, Mail Code OP32, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road
Portland
Oregon
United States
97239

Status

Completed

Source

Oregon Health and Science University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:38:35-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Proteins associated with sporadic or familial cases of PARKINSON DISEASE.

A condition caused by the neurotoxin MPTP which causes selective destruction of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons. Clinical features include irreversible parkinsonian signs including rigidity and bradykinesia (PARKINSON DISEASE, SECONDARY). MPTP toxicity is also used as an animal model for the study of PARKINSON DISEASE. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1072; Neurology 1986 Feb;36(2):250-8)

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Parkinsonism following encephalitis, historically seen as a sequella of encephalitis lethargica (Von Economo Encephalitis). The early age of onset, the rapid progression of symptoms followed by stabilization, and the presence of a variety of other neurological disorders (e.g., sociopathic behavior; TICS; MUSCLE SPASMS; oculogyric crises; hyperphagia; and bizarre movements) distinguish this condition from primary PARKINSON DISEASE. Pathologic features include neuronal loss and gliosis concentrated in the MESENCEPHALON; SUBTHALAMUS; and HYPOTHALAMUS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p754)

Conditions which feature clinical manifestations resembling primary Parkinson disease that are caused by a known or suspected condition. Examples include parkinsonism caused by vascular injury, drugs, trauma, toxin exposure, neoplasms, infections and degenerative or hereditary conditions. Clinical features may include bradykinesia, rigidity, parkinsonian gait, and masked facies. In general, tremor is less prominent in secondary parkinsonism than in the primary form. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1998, Ch38, pp39-42)

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