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PURPOSE: This randomized clinical trial is studying two different doses of cholecalciferol to compare how well they work when given together with calcium carbonate in treating patients with colon cancer that has been removed by surgery.
- Compare the antiproliferative effects of 2 different doses of cholecalciferol (i.e., vitamin D3) in combination with calcium carbonate on the proliferative labeling index in patients with resected colon cancer.
- Compare the effects of these doses on serum levels of 25-OH-D3, 1,25-OH-D3, 24,25-OH-D3, calcium, and parathyroid hormone in these patients.
- Determine the safety of high-dose cholecalciferol in these patients over 2 years.
- Compare the effects of these doses on several biological markers (i.e., cyclin D1, protein kinase C, vitamin D receptor, p21, and p27) in the rectal mucosa of these patients.
OUTLINE: This is a randomized, pilot study. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.
- Arm I: Patients receive oral low-dose cholecalciferol once daily and oral calcium carbonate twice daily.
- Arm II: Patients receive oral high-dose cholecalciferol once daily and calcium carbonate as in arm I.
Treatment in both arms continues for up to 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. All patients undergo sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy with 4 quadrant mucosal biopsies at baseline and after 6 months of study treatment. After their 6-month mucosal biopsy, patients in arm I switch to high-dose cholecalciferol as in arm II.
Patients undergo blood, urine, and tissue collection periodically during study for pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamic, and/or histopathological analysis. Serum is collected monthly for 3 months and then once every 3 months to assess changes in serum levels of vitamin D and vitamin D metabolites (i.e., 1,25-OH-D3; 25-OH-D3; 24,25-OH-D3), as well as changes in calcium and parathyroid hormone, BUN, creatinine, electrolytes, and phosphorus levels. Urine is collected once every 3 months to assess changes in urine calcium and creatinine levels for hypercalciuria. Tissue biopsies of normal endorectal mucosa collected at baseline and after 6 months of study treatment are evaluated by IHC for proliferative index, vitamin D receptor staining, p21, p27, cyclin D1, and protein kinase C.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 20 patients will be accrued for this study.
Allocation: Randomized, Primary Purpose: Treatment
calcium carbonate, cholecalciferol, immunohistochemistry staining method, laboratory biomarker analysis, pharmacological study, biopsy
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:38:42-0400
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