Clinical Trials About "High Fiber Diet Tied Lower Heart Risk Diabetes" - Page: 2 RSS

07:55 EST 15th December 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "High Fiber Diet Tied Lower Heart Risk Diabetes" Clinical Trials 26–50 of 44,000+


Gum Acacia and Blood Glucose

This study will provide needed insight on the satiety and blood glucose and l effects of the soluble fiber gum acacia at 20g and 40g doses.

A Reduced-carbohydrate Diet High in Monounsaturated Fats in Type 2 Diabetes

Further studies are needed to establish the optimal diet for treating T2D. The investigators wishes to investigate whether a low carbohydrate diet, high in monounsaturated fats (LCD) will affect cardiovascular function, metabolism and the liver. 135 patiens with T2D, will be following either a LCD, or a regular diabetes diet (RDD) for 6 months. Measurements and investigations will be performed at baseline and after 6 months.

Evaluation of 2 Diets With Different Starch Digestibility Profiles on Daily Glycemic Profile, in T2D Patients

The study is a randomized pilot study. The research hypothesis is that the diet high in SDS content (H-SDS) will lower the daylong glycemic response and improve the glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared to the diet low in SDS content (L-SDS).

Anti-inflammatory Effects of the Fiber

This study will help elucidate the mechanism underlying the cardioprotective and anti-diabetes effect of dietary fiber by exploring a comprehensive set of inflammatory and oxidative stress markers, based on a contemporary understanding of this process. In addition, there have been very few studies that explored the immediate change in oxidative stress and incretin secretion after fiber intake. In this study, the investigators will be able assess the short term metabolic impact ...

Effects of Low and Moderate Fat Diets on Lipids, Inflammation and Vascular Reactivity in the Metabolic Syndrome

The metabolic syndrome consists of five concurrent conditions which increase risk of heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. Persons with the metabolic syndrome usually have high triglyceride and low HDL levels and are overweight. Low fat, high carbohydrate diets may not provide the same cholesterol-lowering benefits to obese individuals as they do to non-obese individuals. The purpose of this study is to compare the effects of a low fat, high carbohydrate diet versus a moderate f...

He Purongo Mo Nga Kai Hei Arai i Te Matehuka – Dietary Diabetes Prevention Study for Maori

High protein diets are popular among Maori, especially on the East Coast of the North Island. The purpose of this study was to compare the metabolic effects of a moderate carbohydrate, high protein diet (MCHP) with a high carbohydrate-high fibre (HCHF) diet on insulin sensitivity in Maori at increased risk of developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

Low Carbohydrate Diet vs. High Carbohydrate Diet in Type 1 Diabetes

The aim of the study is to investigate glycemic control during a low carbohydrate diet compared with during a high carbohydrate diet in adults with insulin pump treated type 1 diabetes.

Fiber to Reduce Colon Cancer in Alaska Native People

Alaska native people (AN) have the highest recorded incidence and death rate from colon cancer in the world (>90:100,000). We hypothesize that the AN, despite their high consumption of anti-inflammatory and antineoplastic n-3 fish oils, are at increased risk of colon cancer because of colonic butyrate deficiency resulting from their remarkably low consumption of fiber-containing foods. We hypothesize that fiber supplementation of their usual diet will result in a bloom of butyr...

Metabolic Abnormalities, Lifestyle and Diet Pattern in Heart Failure

Metabolic abnormalities (e.g., hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, and obesity) and unhealthy lifestyle behaviors (e.g., smoking and drinking habits, sedentary behavior, sleep disorder and physical inactivity) and unhealthy diet (e.g., high sugar and high fat) are major risk factors for cardiovascular diseases mobility and mortality. The investigators sought to estimate the impact of metabolic abnormalities, lifestyle behavior and diet pattern on prognosis of heart f...

Effects of Various Higher Fat and Lower Fat Snacks on Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Men and Women.

The purpose of this study is to determine whether snacks differing in fat amount and type result in changes in cardiovascular disease risk factors in men and women who have mildly elevated cholesterol levels. Our hypothesis is that a diet containing snacks rich in polyunsaturated fats lead to a more favorable cardiovascular disease risk profile than a diet containing snacks rich in saturated and trans fats or one containing low-fat snacks.

Effect of High Monounsaturated Fat Diet on Glycemic Control and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Type 2 Diabetes

The purpose of this proposed randomized, controlled trial is to compare the effects of high monounsaturated fat diets and high carbohydrate diets on body weight, body composition, glycemic control, plasma lipids, and other cardiovascular risk factors over a period of one year. At present, no such studies of free-living subjects have been performed. The specific aims of the proposed project are to test the hypotheses that (1) a high monounsaturated fat diet will produce greater ...

Effect of GlucoNorm vs Glyburide on Post-Prandial Hyperglycemia in Elderly Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes

The results from the DECODE Study have shown that postprandial (1 - 2 hours after a meal) hyperglycemia (elevated blood sugar) is more common in elderly people with diabetes than younger people with diabetes and is the best predictor of the development of complications. The DECODE Study involved 6941 people who already had diabetes and 702 who did not have diabetes. Diabetes is diagnosed when the blood sugar 1st thing in the morning is over 7.0 mmol/L. The DECODE Study showed t...

Food Effects on the Gut Microbiota

This is a small-scale study of the effects on microbes in the human gut of adding high-fiber snack foods to usual diet. The snack foods are being provided by Mondelez International, Inc. Eight pairs of dizygotic twins, discordant or concordant for obesity, will participate in the study. They will complete 3 successive experiments in which their regular diet is supplemented by consumption, over a 6-week period, of high-fiber snack foods. Each experiment will involve (i) two week...

Lifestyle Modification and Metformin Use in the Treatment of HIV

A healthy diet and exercise have improved the health of people without HIV who have Metabolic Syndrome. In this study we would like to find out if the same benefit can be seen in people with HIV and Metabolic Syndrome. Patients with Metabolic Syndrome usually have a large waist, high blood cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, and high blood sugar levels. These are risk factors, which may increase one's chance of developing heart disease and/or diabetes. The purpose of t...

The LoBAG Diet and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

This study will investigate the use of a low biologically available and high protein diet (LoBAG) for treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Subjects with type 2 diabetes will be recruited and asked to adhere to this diet or a control diet for 12 weeks. Food preparation will be done by subjects following instruction from the study team. The hypothesis to be tested is that the LoBAG diet will produce a significant reduction in hemoglobin (HgbA1c) and other markers when compared ...

Paleolithic Diet in the Treatment of Diabetes Type 2 in Primary Health Care

There is uncertainty about the optimal diet in the prevention and treatment of diabetes type 2. Earlier studies have generally focused on intakes of fat, protein, carbohydrate, fiber, fruit and vegetables. This study is based on another approach which compares foods that were available during human evolution with more recently introduced ones. The basic tenet from evolutionary biology is that if human physiology is less adapted to a relatively recently introduced diet based on ...

Effects of Peanut and Peanut Butter Consumption on Blood Lipids and Glycemic Control in Adults With Type 2 Diabetes

Peanuts and peanut butter contain high levels of monounsaturated fat (MUFA), arginine, fiber, phytosterols, resveratrol and vitamin E that have the potential to reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk through improved blood glucose control and favorable modification of blood lipids. When substituted for saturated fat in the diet, MUFA may have important metabolic benefits for persons with diabetes. Therefore, the investigators propose to study the effects of a peanut and pea...

Carbohydrate Content in the Diet in Type 1 Diabetes

The aim of this study is to analyse the effect of a diet with a moderate amount of carbohydrates and compare it with a traditional diabetic diet with a higher content of carbohydrates on mean glucose level, high and low glucose levels, and the risk of ketoacidosis in patients with type 1 diabetes. The glucose levels will be measured by blinded continuous glucose monitoring (CGM). The trial has a cross-over design and 12 weeks in duration, where patients will be randomized ...

Enhancing Support for Women at Risk for Heart Disease

To test a practical, theory-based intervention to achieve long-term behavior change for postmenopausal women with Type 2 diabetes at high risk for developing coronary heart disease (CHD).

Fiber and Water Improve Bowel Habit in Humans

Twenty healthy volunteers had their baseline parameters (symptoms, bowel habit, quality of life, fecal characteristics and microbiota) measured during a week of monitoring followed by randomization to a 14 days course of increased fiber in diet or increased fiber and water intake, with repetition of parameters measuring at the end.

Diabetes Interventional Assessment of Slimming or Training to Lessen Inconspicuous Cardiovascular Dysfunction

There is an epidemic of type 2 diabetes in younger adults. These patients are at very high lifetime risk of heart-related complications. Subtle heart abnormalities can be present even at a young age in these patients and may predispose them to heart failure and ultimately premature death. There is emerging evidence that type 2 diabetes can be reversed with weight loss. We propose that weight loss can also reverse the fatty changes seen in the liver and heart in these patients, ...

Dietary Control of Type 2 Diabetes: Low-Carbohydrate Mediterranean Diet Versus Low-Fat Diet

The major environmental factors that increase the risk of type 2 diabetes, presumably in the setting of genetic risk, are overnutrition and a sedentary lifestyle, with consequent overweight and obesity. The high rate of weight regain has limited the role of lifestyle interventions as an effective means of controlling glycemia long term. The aims of the present study were: 1) To compare the effectiveness and safety of two nutritional protocols - namely low-carbohydrate Mediterra...

Protein, Fiber, and Metabolic Syndrome - The PROFIMET Study

This is a randomized controlled single-blinded intervention study in 111 overweight and obese subjects with risk factors of developing type 2 diabetes, with the aim to investigate effects of isoenergetic high cereal fiber versus high protein diets over 6 and 18 weeks. We also investigate effects of a combined high-cereal-fiber/high-protein (mix) diet, and effects in a control group. All diets are based on foods from plants and whey products commonly assumed to be healthy. This ...

The Effect of Early Nutrition Intervention on the Incidence of High-risk Patients With Gestational Diabetes

The incidence of gestational diabetes increased.The multidisciplinary management of GDM during pregnancy is helpful to improve the pregnancy outcome, but it will occupy huge medical resources.Early prediction, diet and exercise interventions can reduce the incidence of gestational diabetes, but there is no reliable way to predict and intervene early.This study is a randomized controlled trials, and aims to use comprehensive prediction method (genetic screening, body composition...

Effect of a Simulated Flight in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes and Healthy Volunteers

Diabetes is an increasingly common condition which affects millions of people in the United Kingdom. Patients with type 2 diabetes are at increased risk to develop severe heart disease and vascular complications and these can result in death. A cornerstone of the treatment is lifestyle and diet. The number of travellers is increasing quickly and there are more people than ever travelling by airplane. During a commercial flight the pressure of the air is lower than the pressure...

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