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We list hundreds of Clinical Trials about "States Weigh Banning Widely Used Pesticide That" on BioPortfolio. We draw our references from global clinical trials data listed on ClinicalTrials.gov and refresh our database daily.
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The purpose of this controlled, randomized intervention is to investigate whether a carbohydrate-restricted diet, having a positive effect on blood sugar and weigh maintaining in diabetes, is effective and safe for pregnant woman with GDM and safe for their offspring, when compared to the standard carbohydrate content diet.
High frequency chest wall oscillation (HFCWO) has been shown to increase tracheal mucous clearance compared with control. These observations led to the development of 'The Vest' which is a non-stretchable jacket connected to an air-pulse generator and worn by the patient over the chest wall. The generator rapidly inflates and deflates 'The Vest' which gently compresses and releases the chest wall between 5 and 20 times per second. This generates mini-coughs which are said to di...
Nicotine addiction is a serious health problem in the United States; 46 million people smoke cigarettes, and 70% of those are trying to quit. The nicotine patch and bupropion, a medication used to reduce nicotine cravings, are two commonly used smoking cessation aids. Both have been shown to reduce smoking rates, however, the effectiveness of combining the two treatments has not been widely examined. This study will evaluate the effectiveness of the nicotine patch combined with...
Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) is a major health concern in the United States, particularly among people with liver cirrhosis. Out of every 100 patients with liver cancer, only 18 will survive 5 years or more. While locoregional therapies are utilized in an effort to combat this disease, the recurrence rate of HCC after these therapies are high. Statins are widely used drugs that lower cholesterol levels. Some studies have suggested that statins lower risk of HCC recurrence, b...
Electronic cigarettes are battery-powered vaporizers which have a similar feel to tobacco smoking. They do not produce cigarette smoke but rather an aerosol, which is frequently referred to as vapor. E-cigarettes are marketed as less harmful alternatives to smoking. Use and awareness of these devices has grown exponentially in recent years, with millions of people currently using them. The benefits and risks of electronic cigarette use are uncertain. There is no research on ...
This is a prospective study of morbidly obese patients that are planned to conduct bariatric surgery. The patients included in the study will conduct a low-calorie diet for 6 days prior to the operation and be admitted to hospital for this period. On admission and after finishing the diet a number of tests will be performed: Weigh, height, oral glucose tolerance test, bioimpedance measurement, and samples of blood, urine and a biopsy of subcutaneous adipose tissue.
This study evaluates the impact of a large-scale, national expansion of Medicaid on hypertension incidence, screening, treatment, and management. Social Determinants of Health will be assessed as moderators, and comparing states that did versus states that did not expand Medicaid will also be evaluated.
Sleep problems are common in the United States (US) adult population (>50 million), and have a negative impact on quality of life, productivity, and healthcare. A major obstacle to understanding how the brain is involved in human sleep disorders has been the lack of recordings of human brain function, from inside the brain, during the known sleep states.
The purpose of the study is to to determine the natural history of positive psychological states, health status, and functioning, over an 8 week period following admission for an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We aim to compare the changes in these factors from baseline to 8-week follow-up with corresponding changes in the completed proof-of-concept intervention trial (NCT02004158).
Cocaine is one of the most widely abused drugs in the United States. Memantine is a type of drug called an NMDA receptor antagonist. It works by decreasing normal excitement in the brain. NMDA receptor antagonists have shown to reduce cocaine-induced dopamine release in animal models, as well as lessen conditioned cocaine cues. The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of memantine in preventing relapse to cocaine use in cocaine dependent individuals. In ...
Congestive heart failure is a serious health problem in the United States and is associated with excessive morbidity and mortality. Several classes of medications have been shown to improve mortality in patients with CHF. Despite this these medications are widely under prescribed. Guidelines have been shown to improve patient outcomes and several guidelines on the management of CHF have been published. Implementation of guidelines is challenging and most strategies have focused...
This study will assess the acceptability and use of medical menstrual regulation among women in the United States.
IPM 020 is a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled Phase I/II expanded safety trial being conducted at 5 research centers in the United States among approximately 180 healthy, sexually active, HIV-negative women to assess the safety of Dapivirine Gel 4759, 0.05% 2.5g and Dapivirine Gel 4789, 0.05% 2.5g as compared to the HEC-based universal placebo.
Breast cancer is one of the most prevalent cancers with 207,090 new cases of breast cancer and 39,840 deaths in women predicted for 2010 in the United States. Aromatase inhibitors (AIs) are used as first-line adjuvant therapy for postmenopausal women with early stage breast cancer. The effectiveness of current therapy is widely recognized to be compromised by poor compliance because of aromatase inhibitor-associated musculoskeletal symptoms (AIMSS), a syndrome that affects up t...
Cesarean deliveries are the most common surgical procedure performed in the United States. A significant decrease in cesarean delivery associated maternal morbidity has been achieved with preoperative prophylactic single-dose cephalosporin, widely used before skin incision. Also, on laboring patients and/or with rupture of membranes, several studies suggest that adding azithromycin to standard cephalosporin prophylaxis is cost-effective and reduces overall rates of endometritis...
Many adults with obesity continue to gain weight even though they do not want to. This project will test the effects of a primary care intervention in which people with obesity receive an electronic scale and recommendations to weigh themselves daily. This will help us understand whether daily self-weighing might be a way to prevent continued weight gain.
Meditation skills, or paying attention to internal mental states, are thought to improve people's health. This study is developing a new brain measure of meditation skills, called the EMBODY Task, using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). The investigators are testing whether pattern recognition methods can be applied to fMRI data to identify mental states during meditation, including attention to the body and to thoughts. This task is being developed in meditation pr...
The objective of this proposed 18-month exploratory research study is to help pregnant women weigh risks and benefits in a childbirth decision using the Preferences-Assessment Computer Module. Our hypothesis is that, after using this computer module, women will be more aware of the potential risks and benefits of VBAC and of elective repeat cesarean and will have greater clarity about their preferences related to these risks and benefits.
This study tests the effectiveness of different treatments for the three most commonly diagnosed conditions of the lower backbone (lumbar spine). The purpose is to learn which of two commonly prescribed treatments (surgery and nonsurgical therapy) works better for specific types of low back pain. Low back pain is one of the most widely experienced health problems in the United States and the world. It is the second most frequent condition, after the common cold, for which peopl...
Biological markers of depressive states have been studied, but their usefulness to predict the therapeutic response is unknown. This issue is major in all depressive states which have not remitted after several lines of treatment. rTMS (repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation) is a non-pharmacological alternative in the treatment of depression, but its effects on cerebral functioning are not known in episodes which have resist to conventional treatments. The investigators ...
The project is designed to test the effectiveness of a multilevel worksite wellness program, based in Rhode Island and nearby neighboring states to impact employee weight, dietary intake and physical activity, compared to an attention placebo condition.
This is a continuation study to provide continuing treatment to subjects who completed study HGS1006-C1056 in the United States, to evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of belimumab(LymphoStat-B™) in subjects with SLE disease.
Feasibility trial (FIH) to assess the safety and clinical utility in patients with chronic bronchitis in the United States.
A 2-year prospective observational study comparing a group of patients in remitted states of psychosis undergoing guided antipsychotic dose reduction to a similar group of patients under maintenance antipsychotic treatment with the main outcome of interest that if the rates of relapse of psychosis between these two groups will be different.
Tenofovir (TFV) disoproxil fumarate (TDF) plus emtricitabine (FTC) or lamivudine (3TC) is the preferred nucleoside backbone of first-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) for adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa. In addition, TDF/FTC is recommended for preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in adolescents at substantial risk of acquisition of HIV infection, as well as for hepatitis B virus (HBV) treatment in those with HBV/HIV coinfection. The ...