Clinical Trials About "Enhanced Lung Protective Ventilation With ECCO2R During ARDS" - Page: 4 RSS

04:14 EST 19th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

We list hundreds of Clinical Trials about "Enhanced Lung Protective Ventilation With ECCO2R During ARDS" on BioPortfolio. We draw our references from global clinical trials data listed on and refresh our database daily.

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Showing "Enhanced Lung Protective Ventilation With ECCO2R During ARDS" Clinical Trials 76–100 of 9,600+


Driving Pressure and Postoperative Pulmonary Complications

This study aims to prove that driving pressure limited ventilation is superior in preventing postoperative pulmonary complications to existing protective ventilation.

Impact of Positive End-expiratory Pressure on Hepatic Venous Flow

The purpose of this study is to determine the difference in the impact of moderate positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) on hepatic venous flow Doppler in patients undergoing cardiac surgery: conventional versus protective ventilation strategy The possible changes in forward and backward flows (Doppler profiles) of hepatic venous flow at different degrees of PEEP in conventional and protective ventilation strategies are analyzed by using intraoperative transesophageal echocar...

Inflammation and Distribution of Pulmonary Ventilation Before and After Tracheal Intubation in ARDS Patients

Spontaneous breathing efforts in patients with respiratory failure connected to mechanical ventilation, has been associated with strong respiratory muscles activity. However, these mechanisms may will be present in patients with acute lung deseases who are breathing with no ventilatory support. We hypothesize that spontaneous breathing during acute respiratory failure could induced lung inflammation and worsen lung damage. Hereby, the connection to a ventilatory support tool, ...

Effects on Respiratory Mechanics of Two Different Ventilation Strategies During Robotic-Gynecological Surgery

This Randomized controlled clinical study, entitled "Effects on Respiratory mechanics of two different ventilation strategies during Robotic- Gynecological surgery", is an original paper. The study was performed in Rome, Italy, from September 2014 to September 2015. Nowadays several studies evaluated the effects of "open lung strategy" and the positive effect of Recruitment Maneuvers and Positive End Expiratory Pressure (PEEP) application during general anesthesia, especially ...

Effect of Different Ventilatory Strategies on Cardiac Function in Patients With Acute Respiratory Failure

Mechanical ventilation with low tidal volume (about 6 reduces mortality in ALI/ARDS patients respect to high tidal volume ventilation (about 12 This finding is usually explained by alveolar tidal overdistension associated to high tidal volume. Stretch-induced lung injury may trigger a cytokine-mediated inflammatory response. This may contribute to the development of systemic inflammatory response and multiple system organ failure and death. High tidal...

Preconditioning of One-lung Ventilation

To observe the effect of one-lung ventilation (OLV) preconditioning on perioperative oxygenation during thoracic surgery.

Procollagen-3 Driven Corticosteroids for Persistent Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Unresolved ARDS is defined by the persistence of ARDS criteria at the end of the first week of evolution despite an appropriate treatment of the cause of ARDS. A persistent ARDS is associated with an increased mortality and prolonged lengths of mechanical ventilation, ICU stay and hospitalization. Persistent ARDS is characterized by ongoing inflammation, parenchymal-cell proliferation, and fibroproliferation leading to disordered deposition of collagen. All of these pathways ma...

Inflammatory Effects of a Lung Recruitment Manoeuvre

Recruitment manoeuvres, consisting of sustained inflations at high airway pressures, have been advocated as an adjunct to mechanical ventilation in lung protective ventilation strategies to prevent the collapse of the lung. This study aims to determine the safety and efficacy of a recruitment manoeuvre, by considering its impact on gas exchange, hemodynamics and on the release of systemic inflammatory mediators.

Steroids in Patients With Early ARDS

Scientific background. Dysregulated systemic inflammation is a key pathogenetic mechanism for morbidity and mortality in ALI/ARDS, and is associated with tissue insensitivity and/or resistance to inappropriately elevated endogenous glucocorticoids. In one study, prolonged methylprednisolone treatment of ARDS patients resulted in rapid and sustained reduction in circulating and pulmonary levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, chemokines, and procollagen. Preliminary work. Five r...

Evaluation of POC Lung Ultrasound Combined With Pressure-volume Curve to Titration Adjust PEEP for ARDS Lung Recruitment

Using lung ultrasound re-aeration score(LUS-RAS) combined with pressure-volume curve(PVC) adjust maintain positive end-expiratory pressure after recruitment maneuver, to achieve real-time adjustment, reduce ventilation-associated lung injury and the purpose of effective lung recruitment.

Implementation of Neuro Lung Protective Ventilation

Patients who experience lung injury are often placed on a ventilator to help them heal; however, if the ventilator volume settings are too high, it can cause additional lung injury. It is proven that using lower ventilator volume settings improves outcomes. In patients with acute brain injury, it is proven that maintaining a normal partial pressure of carbon dioxide in the arterial blood improves outcomes. Mechanical ventilator settings with higher volumes and higher breathing ...

Intraoperative Protective Ventilation for Obese Patients Undergoing Gynaecological Laparoscopic Surgery

Background. The use of a comprehensive strategy providing low tidal volumes, peep and recruiting maneuvers in patients undergoing open abdominal surgery improves postoperative respiratory function and clinical outcome. It is unknown whether such ventilatory approach may be feasible and/or beneficial in patients undergoing laparoscopy, as pneumoperitoneum and Trendelenburg position may alter lung volumes and chest-wall elastance. Objective. The investigators designed a randomiz...

Prone Positioning and Spontaneous Breathing

Spontaneous breathing during mechanical ventilation has been recommended in patients with ARDS and is currently used. in part because oxygenation is better and there is a lower risk of diaphragm dysfunction due to disuse. The other approach to minimizing lung injury from spontaneous effort is the use of neuromuscular blockade; an early and short term (48 hours) of neuromuscular blockade in patients with severe ARDS has been shown to decrease inflammation and to improve survival...

PEEP Test and Gas Exchange in ALI/ARDS Patients

The investigators aim to study the effect of different levels of PEEP in ALI/ARDS patients on gas exchange.

Pressure-Controlled vs Volume-Controlled Ventilation During One Lung Ventilation

Compared with the information available in sepsis and trauma-associated ARDS, less is known about the cause and pattern of lung injury after thoracic surgery. Definition of lung injury in this context is difficult. Most now use the joint North American-European consensus conference definitions, but these are based only on gas exchange and radiology criteria. While gas exchange measures are reliable, thoracotomy inevitably causes radiological change and the interpretation of pla...

Prevention of Ulinastatin on Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)

Since strategies were applied in intensive care medicine, including low tidal volume ventilation, fluid resuscitation, use of antibiotics, restrictive transfusion strategy and bundle of ventilator therapy, the incidence of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) has been decreased recent years. However, the mortality of severe ARDS is still higher to 45%. Few medications did were indicated to be effective in working on development of ARDS. Different with other disease, ARDS ...

The Change of Pulmonary Blood Flow During One Lung Ventilation

To investigate the changes of regional pulmonary blood flow in nondependent lung by transesophageal echocardiography during one lung ventilation

Gene Polymorphism in ARDS

Few patients who have major risk factors develop Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). The heritable determinants might be the reason. The multicenter study is to investigate the association between ARDS and polymorphism in ARDS gene r.

Mechanical Ventilation in Brain-injured Patients

Protective ventilation (association of a tidal volume < 8 ml/kg with a positive end expiratory pressure) is poorly used in severe brain-injured patients. Moreover, a systematic approach to extubation may decrease the rate of extubation failure and enhance outcomes of brain-injured patients. We hypothesized that medical education and implementation of an evidence-base care bundle associating protective ventilation and systemic approach to extubation can reduce the duratio...

Individualized vs Low PEEP in One Lung Ventilation

The aim of the prospective crossover study is to investigate the effect of individualized positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) on measures of tissue oxygenation, compared with low PEEP.

Differential Lung Ventilation vs. CPAP

In this study we compared the efficacy of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to differential lung ventilation, in terms of patient's oxygenation, during video assisted thoracoscopic lung resection.

Hemodynamic and Cardiac Effects of Individualized PEEP Titration Using Esophageal Pressure Measurements in ARDS Patients

The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is common condition in critical ill patients affecting 7.2 people / 100,000 population / year and more than 7% of patients with invasive mechanical ventilation for more than 24 hours. ARDS carries a high hospital mortality of up to 48% and consumes large amounts of critical care resources. ARDS patients often present with severe hypoxemia that is refractory to conventional treatment and are thus evaluated for extracorporeal membran...

Lung Protective Ventilation in Pulmonary Thromboendarterectomy (PTE) Patients

Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is caused by unresolved thromboemboli in the pulmonary arteries, which lead to pulmonary hypertension and, left untreated, right heart failure. This disease can be potentially cured by performing a pulmonary thromboendarterectomy (PTE) to remove the blood clots. The surgery is not without risk and the most worrisome complication is the development of a form of acute lung injury called reperfusion lung injury, which occurs in...

Partial Neuromuscular Blockade for Lung Protective Mechanical Ventilation

Controlled mechanical ventilation may lead to the development of diaphragm muscle atrophy, which is associated with weakness and adverse clinical outcome. Therefore, it seems reasonable to switch to partially supported ventilator modes as soon as possible. However, in patients with high respiratory drive, the application of partially supported modes may result in high lung distending pressures and diaphragm injury. Recently, the investigators published a study that demonstrate...

Effort of Breathing Guided Ventilator Protocol

This pilot study tests the feasibility of using a computerized ventilator management protocol seeking to encourage lung protective ventilation during the acute phase of ventilation, and esophageal manometry based titration of ventilator settings during the weaning phase of ventilation, for children with acute respiratory failure. The investigators hypothesize that such an approach will reduce time on mechanical ventilation, largely by preserving diaphragm muscle function.

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