Clinical Trials About "Metabolism Metabolic effects intermeal fasting" - Page: 4 RSS

18:01 EDT 23rd September 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Metabolism Metabolic effects intermeal fasting" Clinical Trials 76–100 of 18,000+


Evaluation of Group Lifestyle Balance Maintenance Strategies

Heart disease is a leading cause of death in people in the United States. It is a major problem for those with diabetes. Conditions called the metabolic syndrome and pre-diabetes increase risk for diabetes and heart disease. The metabolic syndrome is a group of disorders that occur at the same time. Overall, one in four American adults has the metabolic syndrome. It is more common in people over the age of 40. The metabolic syndrome includes: 1) large waist size, 2) hig...

Metabolic Dynamics During Physical Activity

The aim of this study is to systematically Analyse the metabolome in capillary blood of healthy men and women at rest and during defined standardized physical activity under normobaric normoxia or hypoxia with a specific focus on metabolites and metabolic pattern related to energy metabolism. The metabolome analyses in capillary blood could give us also or more detailed insight into erythrocyte metabolic physiology because it is known for a longer time that the primary metaboli...

Pediatric Metabolic Syndrome Study

The Pediatric Metabolic Syndrome Study is an observational study being conducted at the Medical University of South Carolina to investigate cardiometabolic risk parameters in obese subjects ages 4 to 21. A detailed assessment is performed on eligible subjects including fasting labwork, anthropometrics, nutrition analysis, body composition testing, echocardiography, and carotid IMT measurements.

Aerobic Treadmill Exercise And Metabolism

Overview- In this study, overweight or obese, sedentary participants (age=35-55 years, n=20) will be randomized to a 12-week control period or an aerobic exercise intervention. Those randomized into the control group will then complete the exercise intervention subsequently. The planned energy expenditure per week of exercise will be 10-12 kilocalories per kilogram of body weight per week. Participants will complete three non-consecutive exercise sessions per week. Body weight,...

Concurrent Training and Prediabetes Control

Despite exercise training decrease blood fasting glicaemy in 'average' terms, there is a wide inter-individual variability after exercise training explored mainly in adults but not in children. Thus, is yet unknown the effects and influence of the concurrent training (CT) eliciting responders (R) and non-responders (NR) cases (i.e., percentage of subjects who experienced a non-change/worsened response after training in some metabolic outcomes).

Late Metabolic Effects of Metformin Therapy in Gestational Diabetes

Metformin in widely used as the treatment of gestational diabetes. However, it is not known whether exposure to metformin in utero has late metabolic effects on the child. In this study the investigators investigate metabolism (oral glucose tolerance test, insulin, plasma lipoproteins, inflammation markers as well as body composition by DEXA (dual energy X-ray absorption) and MRI) in 9 year-old children whose mothers used either metformin of insulin during pregnancy.

Effects of Antihypertensive Treatment in HIV Infected Patients: Candesartan Versus Lercanidipine

Human immunodeficiency virus infection and highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease: a wide range of alterations in lipid and glucose metabolism has been increasingly recognized in HIV patients treated with HAART. Few data are available on the effects of antihypertensive treatment on cardiac morpho-functional characteristics and metabolic parameters in HIV patients. Aim of the study is to assess the effects of...

Berberine Effect on Cytokine, CRP, Metabolic Disturbance as an Adjunctive Therapy in Schizophrenia Patients

The etiology and pathogenesis of schizophrenia remains unclear. Immune dysfunction hypothesis for schizophrenia has attracted increasing attention of the researchers, substantial evidences suggested the levels of C-reaction protein and cytokine such as IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α markedly elevated in patients with schizophrenia which may be particularly relevant for the cognitive impairment and metabolic disturbance of schizophrenia. In recent years, it has been demonstrated the benef...

The Influence of Fasting and Diet on Intestinal Inflammation

The purpose of this study is to see how a diet that mimics fasting effects inflammation in patients with mild to moderate ulcerative Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD). The diet may allow users to receive the benefits of fasting while also being able to enjoy food (the ingredients of which are GRAS (generally recognized as safe) by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Research on dietary interventions and IBD are very limited. Fasting mimicking diets (FMD) have been studied wi...

Effects of Fasting and Exercise on Insulin and GH Signaltransduction in Muscle and Fat

Hypothesis: under fasting there will primarily be an activation of growth hormone(GH) signalpathways and a inhibition of insulin signalpathways, and the opposite will happen under physical activity. Primarily we will investigate markers for GH and insulin signaltransduction in muscle- and fat-biopsies after fasting for 72 hours and after 1 hour of ergometer-cycling at 65% Vo2max. In addition to this we will investigate the effect of fasting and exercise on the velocity ...

Effects of Preoperative Fasting on ECG and Vital Parameters

This study compares differences in hemodynamic ve ECG parameters of patients undergoing urological or orthopedic surgery under spinal anesthesia. First group will comprise of patients undergoing surgery in the morning hours; thus with a standard fasting duration (8 hours), and the second group will comprise of patients undergoing surgery afternoon; thus having a prolonged fasting duration (>12 hours).

Parents Perception and Compliance With Pre Operative Fasting Instructions in Paediatric Patients

This study evaluates the perception and compliance with the fasting instructions given to parents of children undergoing surgery. A questionnaire was provided to the parents indicating fasting time requested and actual time of fasting.

Long Time Metabolic Changes Induced by Genetically Modified Potatoes

In this study the effects of genetically modified potatoes on the human metabolism will be observed. Healthy volunteers receive for one week muffins, produced with starch from a genetically modified potato or with a normal available starch, in a randomized trial.

Calorie-restricted, Ketogenic Diet and Transient Fasting During Reirradiation for Patients With Recurrent Glioblastoma

Increased glucose metabolism is characteristic for solid tumors. Thereby, glucose is important for the generation of ATP, supply of anabolic substrates and defense against reactive oxygen species in tumor cells. In preclinical models, restricting glucose availability using a ketogenic diet, calorie-restriction or transient fasting inhibits tumor growth. Therefore, the purpose of the study is to evaluate whether a calorie-restricted, ketogenic diet and transient fasting c...

The Effects of Intensive Insulin on Somatic and Visceral Protein Turnover in Acute Kidney Injury (AKI)

We propose to determine the acute metabolic effects of intensive insulin therapy when administered to AKI patients with a particular focus on its effects on protein metabolism. We hypothesize that the degree of insulin resistance correlates with protein catabolism in critically ill patients with AKI, and that intensive insulin therapy will result in substantial reductions in both whole-body and skeletal muscle protein breakdown thereby improving overall protein balance. We als...

The Effect of IM Testosterone Undecanoate on Biochemical and Anthropometric Characteristics of Metabolic Syndrome in Hypogonadal Men

The objective of the study is to assess the effect of the testosterone therapy on the body composition, lipid and glucose metabolism, inflammatory markers in patients with metabolic syndrome and hypogonadism.

Effect of Valsartan on Lipid Subfractions in Hypertensive Patients With Metabolic Syndrome

The purpose of this study is to evaluate potential effects of valsartan on lipid subfractions and other parameters in lipid metabolism in patients with essential hypertension and metabolic syndrome.

Effect of Vitamin D Supplementation on Fasting Glucose and Interleukin-10 (IL-10) in Arab Women With Impaired Fasting Glucose

Obesity, and its metabolic consequences - impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and diabetes, is highly prevalent among Arab women in Israel and the Middle East. Since life style modification is difficult to achieve in this population it is important to assess whether other modifiable risk factors can be detected. There is evidence that the homeostasis of vitamin D has a significant role in the eventual development of diabetes. Previous cross sectional studies have shown that low 25 (...

Exercise for Preventing the Metabolic Syndrome in Latinoamerican Amerindians

Despite exercise training decrease blood fasting glicaemy in 'average' terms, there is a wide inter-individual variability after exercise training explored mainly in adults but not in adults with prediabetes comorbidities. Thus, is yet unknown the effects and influence of the concurrent training (CT) eliciting responders (R) and non-responders (NR) cases (i.e., percentage of subjects who experienced a non-change/worsened response after training in some metabolic outcomes).

Cerebral Oxygenation and Metabolism After Reversal Of Rocuronium: Comparison Between Sugammadex Versus Neostigmine

Cholinesterase inhibitors such as Neostigmine and Edrophonium have been used to reverse neuromuscular blockade after surgery. However, these drugs have a relatively slow onset and have adverse effects associated with stimulation of muscarinic receptors. In addition, neostigmine cannot be used to reverse profound blockade. Anesthetics may exert their effects on various facets of cerebral function such as cerebral metabolic rate (CMRO2), cerebral blood flow (CBF), cerebral blood...

Effects of Dietary Proteins on Hepatic Lipid Metabolism

Individuals submitted to a high-fat or a high-fructose/sucrose diet develop, over a 6 day-period, several features of the metabolic syndrome, including increased plasma triglycerides, increased intrahepatic lipids, and decreased hepatic insulin sensitivity. It has been recently observed that the increase in intrahepatic lipids observed after a high fat diet is largely prevented when protein intake is concomitantly increased. This suggests that dietary protein protects the liver...

Variation of Genes Controlling Carbohydrate and Lipid Metabolism

Aim of the study is to investigate genes regulating glucose and lipid metabolism in subjects whose glucose metabolism, lipid metabolism, blood flow, or body fat distribution has been measured using positron emission tomography (PET), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) or computed tomography (CT) as part of their previous participation in clinical trials conducted at Turku PET Centre. By combining information from PET, MRI, CT, proteomics, m...

Goji Berries and Energy Expenditure

Effects of foods or food substances on energy expenditure are of particular interest, because of the increasing prevalence of obesity and its consequent metabolic diseases like type II diabetes and fatty liver disease, all risk factors for the development of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Recently, the Goji berry (Lycium Barbarum, wolfberry) was introduced into the Western diet. L. Barbarum originates from Asia, where it is used to improve the health of several organs. Althoug...

Effects of Interrupting Sedentary Time on Glycemic Control in Older Overweight and Obese Adults

Increasing physical activity in older adults has important implications for treating obesity related metabolic conditions, however the interaction of aging- and obesity-related declines in physical function may make adding structured exercise particularly challenging for this group. Given these challenges, an alternative prescription to traditional structured exercise, may be short bouts of intermittent walking scattered throughout the day - this may be an effective strategy t...

Effects of Berry Peel Intake on Glucose Metabolism in Healthy Subjects

The main objective of this study is to investigate the effect of a 4-weeks intake of berry peel powder on fasting and postprandial glucose metabolism and inflammatory markers. The berry peel product will be compared with a placebo in a single-blind, cross-over design. Furthermore, inflammation-related peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) genes expression, appetite and cognitive performance will be included as a pilot study. Investigators hypothesize that long-term consump...

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