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We list hundreds of Clinical Trials about "Metabolism Metabolic effects intermeal fasting" on BioPortfolio. We draw our references from global clinical trials data listed on ClinicalTrials.gov and refresh our database daily.
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Preoperative fasting is mandatory for anesthetic induction. This period of fasting is probably greater due to delays in the surgical theater and changes in daily operation schedules.Investigators want to resarch between the prescribed and the actual preoperative fasting time.
The purpose of this study is to determine whether improvement in fat and muscle metabolism after the treatment with Omacor (fish oils) provides insight into the link between obesity, fat and muscle function leading to metabolic syndrome, which is a risk factor for heart disease and diabetes.
The purpose of this study will be to determine the correct dose of leptin, a natural hormone secreted by the fat cells, to give to people when they are fasting and also to determine whether giving leptin to a person when he or she is fasting will reverse the changes in hormone levels that occur with fasting.
Based on our hypothesis that orally administered resistant starch and beta glucan will be fermented into a SCFA pattern high in acetate and that this will lead to beneficial effects on human substrate and energy metabolism, we aim to address the following primary objective: To investigate the effects of an acute administration of inulin/beta glucan in combination with resistant starch on fecal and plasma acetate, as well as on fasting and postprandial substrate and energy meta...
Heart disease is a leading cause of death in people in the United States. It is a major problem for those with diabetes. Conditions called the metabolic syndrome and pre-diabetes increase risk for diabetes and heart disease. The metabolic syndrome is a group of disorders that occur at the same time. Overall, one in four American adults has the metabolic syndrome. It is more common in people over the age of 40. The metabolic syndrome includes: 1) large waist size, 2) hig...
The aim of this study is to systematically Analyse the metabolome in capillary blood of healthy men and women at rest and during defined standardized physical activity under normobaric normoxia or hypoxia with a specific focus on metabolites and metabolic pattern related to energy metabolism. The metabolome analyses in capillary blood could give us also or more detailed insight into erythrocyte metabolic physiology because it is known for a longer time that the primary metaboli...
The Pediatric Metabolic Syndrome Study is an observational study being conducted at the Medical University of South Carolina to investigate cardiometabolic risk parameters in obese subjects ages 4 to 21. A detailed assessment is performed on eligible subjects including fasting labwork, anthropometrics, nutrition analysis, body composition testing, echocardiography, and carotid IMT measurements.
Overview- In this study, overweight or obese, sedentary participants (age=35-55 years, n=20) will be randomized to a 12-week control period or an aerobic exercise intervention. Those randomized into the control group will then complete the exercise intervention subsequently. The planned energy expenditure per week of exercise will be 10-12 kilocalories per kilogram of body weight per week. Participants will complete three non-consecutive exercise sessions per week. Body weight,...
Metformin in widely used as the treatment of gestational diabetes. However, it is not known whether exposure to metformin in utero has late metabolic effects on the child. In this study the investigators investigate metabolism (oral glucose tolerance test, insulin, plasma lipoproteins, inflammation markers as well as body composition by DEXA (dual energy X-ray absorption) and MRI) in 9 year-old children whose mothers used either metformin of insulin during pregnancy.
Despite exercise training decrease blood fasting glicaemy in 'average' terms, there is a wide inter-individual variability after exercise training explored mainly in adults but not in children. Thus, is yet unknown the effects and influence of the concurrent training (CT) eliciting responders (R) and non-responders (NR) cases (i.e., percentage of subjects who experienced a non-change/worsened response after training in some metabolic outcomes).
Human immunodeficiency virus infection and highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease: a wide range of alterations in lipid and glucose metabolism has been increasingly recognized in HIV patients treated with HAART. Few data are available on the effects of antihypertensive treatment on cardiac morpho-functional characteristics and metabolic parameters in HIV patients. Aim of the study is to assess the effects of...
The etiology and pathogenesis of schizophrenia remains unclear. Immune dysfunction hypothesis for schizophrenia has attracted increasing attention of the researchers, substantial evidences suggested the levels of C-reaction protein and cytokine such as IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α markedly elevated in patients with schizophrenia which may be particularly relevant for the cognitive impairment and metabolic disturbance of schizophrenia. In recent years, it has been demonstrated the benef...
The purpose of this study is to see how a diet that mimics fasting effects inflammation in patients with mild to moderate ulcerative Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD). The diet may allow users to receive the benefits of fasting while also being able to enjoy food (the ingredients of which are GRAS (generally recognized as safe) by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Research on dietary interventions and IBD are very limited. Fasting mimicking diets (FMD) have been studied wi...
Hypothesis: under fasting there will primarily be an activation of growth hormone(GH) signalpathways and a inhibition of insulin signalpathways, and the opposite will happen under physical activity. Primarily we will investigate markers for GH and insulin signaltransduction in muscle- and fat-biopsies after fasting for 72 hours and after 1 hour of ergometer-cycling at 65% Vo2max. In addition to this we will investigate the effect of fasting and exercise on the velocity ...
This study compares differences in hemodynamic ve ECG parameters of patients undergoing urological or orthopedic surgery under spinal anesthesia. First group will comprise of patients undergoing surgery in the morning hours; thus with a standard fasting duration (8 hours), and the second group will comprise of patients undergoing surgery afternoon; thus having a prolonged fasting duration (>12 hours).
In this study the effects of genetically modified potatoes on the human metabolism will be observed. Healthy volunteers receive for one week muffins, produced with starch from a genetically modified potato or with a normal available starch, in a randomized trial.
This study evaluates the perception and compliance with the fasting instructions given to parents of children undergoing surgery. A questionnaire was provided to the parents indicating fasting time requested and actual time of fasting.
Increased glucose metabolism is characteristic for solid tumors. Thereby, glucose is important for the generation of ATP, supply of anabolic substrates and defense against reactive oxygen species in tumor cells. In preclinical models, restricting glucose availability using a ketogenic diet, calorie-restriction or transient fasting inhibits tumor growth. Therefore, the purpose of the study is to evaluate whether a calorie-restricted, ketogenic diet and transient fasting c...
We propose to determine the acute metabolic effects of intensive insulin therapy when administered to AKI patients with a particular focus on its effects on protein metabolism. We hypothesize that the degree of insulin resistance correlates with protein catabolism in critically ill patients with AKI, and that intensive insulin therapy will result in substantial reductions in both whole-body and skeletal muscle protein breakdown thereby improving overall protein balance. We als...
The objective of the study is to assess the effect of the testosterone therapy on the body composition, lipid and glucose metabolism, inflammatory markers in patients with metabolic syndrome and hypogonadism.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate potential effects of valsartan on lipid subfractions and other parameters in lipid metabolism in patients with essential hypertension and metabolic syndrome.
Obesity, and its metabolic consequences - impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and diabetes, is highly prevalent among Arab women in Israel and the Middle East. Since life style modification is difficult to achieve in this population it is important to assess whether other modifiable risk factors can be detected. There is evidence that the homeostasis of vitamin D has a significant role in the eventual development of diabetes. Previous cross sectional studies have shown that low 25 (...
Despite exercise training decrease blood fasting glicaemy in 'average' terms, there is a wide inter-individual variability after exercise training explored mainly in adults but not in adults with prediabetes comorbidities. Thus, is yet unknown the effects and influence of the concurrent training (CT) eliciting responders (R) and non-responders (NR) cases (i.e., percentage of subjects who experienced a non-change/worsened response after training in some metabolic outcomes).
Cholinesterase inhibitors such as Neostigmine and Edrophonium have been used to reverse neuromuscular blockade after surgery. However, these drugs have a relatively slow onset and have adverse effects associated with stimulation of muscarinic receptors. In addition, neostigmine cannot be used to reverse profound blockade. Anesthetics may exert their effects on various facets of cerebral function such as cerebral metabolic rate (CMRO2), cerebral blood flow (CBF), cerebral blood...
Individuals submitted to a high-fat or a high-fructose/sucrose diet develop, over a 6 day-period, several features of the metabolic syndrome, including increased plasma triglycerides, increased intrahepatic lipids, and decreased hepatic insulin sensitivity. It has been recently observed that the increase in intrahepatic lipids observed after a high fat diet is largely prevented when protein intake is concomitantly increased. This suggests that dietary protein protects the liver...