Clinical Trials About "High Fiber Diet Tied Lower Heart Risk Diabetes" - Page: 5 RSS

06:15 EST 10th December 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "High Fiber Diet Tied Lower Heart Risk Diabetes" Clinical Trials 101–125 of 44,000+


Association Between Dietary Habits and Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as carbohydrate intolerance of varying severity with onset or first recognition during pregnancy. The diagnosis of gestational diabetes is important, because of the increased risk of adverse maternal and feto-neonatal outcomes. In addition, GDM also confers a future risk of type 2 diabetes to mothers and their fetus. Dietary components associated with GDM risk include macronutrients, micronutrients, and individual foods, such as re...

Low Carb vs Normal Carb in Pregnancy

The overall purpose of this intervention study is to examine whether low-carbohydrate dietary intervention will prevent the development of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in high-risk pregnant women. The results of this study should help further our understanding of how pregnant women can help prevent gestational diabetes mellitus. We hypothesize that a lower carbohydrate diet will prevent the development of GDM.

A Randomized, Crossover Study to Assess the Effects of Dietary Fiber-containing Bars on Glucose and Insulin Responses

This randomized, crossover study will include four clinic visits: one screening (day -7) and three test visits (days 0, 2, 4). The objective of this study is to assess the effects of dietary fiber-containing bars, at two doses of fiber, compared to a control product, on postprandial glucose and insulin responses in healthy adult men and women.

The Effect of a High Protein, High Fiber Dietary Supplement on Weight and Fat Loss

The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of a high protein, high fiber dietary supplement on weight and fat loss in healthy overweight adults. Half of participants will receive a high protein, high fiber supplement twice a day for 12 weeks, and half of the subjects will receive a placebo (that contains the same amount of calories as the supplement) twice a day for 12 weeks.

Effect of Nuts vs. a Wheat Bran Muffin in Type 2 Diabetes

To determine if tree nuts (Almonds, Hazelnuts, Pistachios, Peanuts, Macadamia nuts, Pecans, Walnuts and Cashews) improve glycemic control in type 2 diabetes, as assessed by HbA1c and serum fructosamine, and to assess whether these outcomes relate to improvements in cardiovascular health (i.e. plasma lipids and measures of oxidative stress, inflammatory biomarkers and nitric oxide generation). We have found that nuts tend to reduce the glycemic index of bread and have little ef...

BABYDIET-Study - Primary Prevention of Type 1 Diabetes in Relatives at Increased Genetic Risk

The major goals of this project are to determine whether primary intervention through delayed introduction of dietary gluten is feasible and could reduce the incidence of islet autoimmunity in high-risk first degree relatives of patients with type 1 diabetes.

Acute Glycemic Effects of a Very Low Fat Diet in Type 2 Diabetes

There is some consensus that high fat diets can contribute to the development of obesity and type 2 diabetes in humans and animals. An increase in dietary fat has been shown to produce obesity and diabetes in mice; such diet-induced diabetes can be reversed by reducing the fat in the diet. In humans, there is some evidence that low-fat diets can produce acute improvements in blood sugar control in type 2 diabetes-even in the absence of weight loss. In most human studies, howe...

Gluten and Amylase Trypsin Inhibitors (ATI) Free Diet

Siblings of those with type 1 diabetes are at an increased risk of developing the disease themselves. Through prior research, the investigators have found that siblings as well as those with type 1 diabetes have a general level of inflammation in the body. The investigators are examining the role that diet plays in this level of inflammation by asking siblings of children with type 1 diabetes to go on a gluten and Amylase Trypsin Inhibitors (ATI)-free diet for 4 weeks. Blood an...

Effect of Replacing HFCS With Sucromalt in Subjects With Raised Waist Circumference

Weight gain is linked to a high consumption of soft-drinks and other beverages sweetened with high fructose corn syrup. Being overweight increases risk for diabetes and heart disease. These problems may be due to high blood glucose and insulin responses caused by high fructose corn syrup. Sucromalt is a sweetener which contains the same amount of carbohydrate at high fructose corn syrup, but causes lower glucose and insulin responses. The purpose of this study is to see if c...

Saturated Fat Versus Monounsaturated Fat and Insulin Action

High intakes of saturated fat are associated with diabetes. Our work has shown that the two most common fatty acids in the North American diet, palmitic acid (saturated fat) and oleic acid (monounsaturated fat) are metabolized differently and have opposite effects on fat burning. The proposed study will examine biochemical and molecular mechanisms for how a high saturated fat diet versus a low saturated fat/high monounsaturated fat diet alters the action of the hormone, insul...

Documentation of Heart Failure in a Gulf Registry

In the Middle East and the Gulf, the general population have high cardiovascular risks like diabetes, hypertension, smoking and obesity. The average age of a patient with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) event is relatively young compared to Western populations. Women are multiparous and the rates of consanguinity marriages are high in this region of the world. These risk factors and conditions result in heart failure. Great deal of knowledge is missing regarding the influence ...

Intensive Diet and Physical Activity on Diabetes

It is a multicenter, open-label, parallel-group, randomized controlled clinical trial, which is designed to enroll newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients with overweight or obesity. The patients are randomized to an intensive diet intervention (intermittent very-low -calorie diet), enhanced physical activity intervention (high-intensity interval training exercise prescription combined with resistance training) or standard education group (diabetes health education only, inclu...

Evaluation of Group Lifestyle Balance Maintenance Strategies

Heart disease is a leading cause of death in people in the United States. It is a major problem for those with diabetes. Conditions called the metabolic syndrome and pre-diabetes increase risk for diabetes and heart disease. The metabolic syndrome is a group of disorders that occur at the same time. Overall, one in four American adults has the metabolic syndrome. It is more common in people over the age of 40. The metabolic syndrome includes: 1) large waist size, 2) hig...

Lean Beef Consumption and Insulin Sensitivity in Men and Women With Risk Factors for Diabetes

The objective of this trial is to compare the effects of a healthy, lean beef diet and an average American, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) style diet, that is low in saturated fatty acids (SFA), on insulin sensitivity in men and women with risk factors for diabetes mellitus.

A Study of the Effects of Exercise Intensity on Insulin Sensitivity in Overweight Youth

Background: The investigators know that exercise helps children develop strong bones and muscles and generally stay healthy. What is unclear however, is how much exercise a child needs to lower their risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Objective: The investigators will try to find out whether high-intensity exercise for a short-period of time is better than moderately intense exercise for improving the diabetes risk profile in teens who are at risk for type 2 dia...

The Effects of a Low Carbohydrate, Non-Ketogenic Diet Versus Standard Diabetes Diet on Glycemic Control in Type 1 Diabetes

This randomized, crossover nutrition intervention seeks to examine the effects of a non-ketogenic low carbohydrate (CHO) diet (60-80g per day) on glycemic control, lipids, and markers on inflammation in individuals with Type 1 Diabetes (T1D). This study will be used to inform clinical practice, especially in teaching medical nutrition therapy to new-onset diabetes patients and those struggling with glycemic control and hyperlipidemia. At this time, no evidenced-based universal ...

Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM) With a Low Carbohydrate Diet to Reduce Weight in Patients With Pre-Diabetes

This study will recruit pre-diabetic patients to see if continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) with a low carbohydrate diet can reduce the percentage of time the CGM readings are above the normal range. Through this study it will demonstrate the feasibility of using CGM with a low carbohydrate diet to reduce weight and risk of developing diabetes in patients with pre-diabetes. Patients that appear to be eligible will be recruited from Michigan Medicine in the Family Medicin...

Safety and Efficacy of High Protein Diet Versus GFR Based Protein Diet in Heart Failure Patients With Renal Insufficiency

Effect of high calorie high protein diet versus high calorie,glomerular filtration rate (GFR) based protein intake in non-obese advanced HF patients will be assessed. In this regard, protein intake impact will be measured on muscle mass, physical performance and renal function as main outcome. Rehospitalization, quality of life, depression an inflammatory status are second endpoints.

Reducing Disparities in Diabetes Risk Through Lifestyle Changes in Community Settings

This study aims to design and test the effectiveness of a lifestyle diabetes risk reduction program, Live Well, Be Well, in reducing risk of diabetes in persons at risk with a focus on reaching lower-income, minority individuals.

Diet, Physical Activity and Related Candidate Biomarkers in Relation to Prostate Cancer Risk (BIOCaPPE)

The risk of prostate cancer is associated with lifestyle habits, such as diet and physical activity. Indeed, results of numerous studies suggest links between obesity, diabetes, inflammation and androgen and estrogen metabolism in the pathogenesis of prostate cancer. The goal of BIOCaPPE study (Biomarkers and Prostate Cancer/ Prevention and Environment) is to identify biomarkers of prostate cancer risk that are potentially modifiable by environmental exposures (e.g. diet and p...

Impact of a Nutritional Intervention on Type1 Diabetes Adult With Metabolic Syndrome

Recent studies have found that up to 45 % of patients with type 1 diabetes have metabolic syndrome, a cluster of conditions (abdominal obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance) that increase the cardiovascular risk. The investigators have observed in previous studies a strong association between the adherence to a Mediterranean diet and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome on patients with metabolic syndrome. However, no intervention has been realized on this pop...

Randomized Trial to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Nurse Case Management

The management of high-risk pregnancies require substantial use of medical resources. Our goal is to determine the effectiveness of a nurse case management program in which case managers are assigned to patients with high-risk conditions. Our hypothesis is that women with diabetes in pregnancy or hypertension who are assigned a nurse case manager will have lower glucose levels and lower blood pressure levels

Diet and Health in Adults With Metabolic Syndrome

The prevalence of US adults with Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) is over 34%, impacting nearly 35% of all adults and 50% of those aged 60 years or older. MetS is characterized as a combination of underlying risk factors that when, occurring together, increase the risk for chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), cardiovascular disease, stroke, and certain types of cancer, resulting in an 1.6-fold increase in mortality. According the American Heart Association, health...

Dietary Protein in Proteinuria

The purpose of this study is to investigate if a diet high in plant protein improves kidney function in patients with kidney insufficiency and diabetes and/or hypertension and/or glomerulonephritis. The study is a non-blinded, randomized, controlled, cross-over-design with two intervention periods of each 14 days. Between the two interventions periods there is a washout period of 14 days. The participants are randomized to start with an individualized diet plan containing eithe...

Obesity, Iron Regulation and Colorectal Cancer Risk

Obesity is an independent risk factor for colorectal cancer (CRC) although the underlying mechanisms have not been elucidated. Dietary nutrients play a key role in both the prevention and promotion of CRC. While iron is an essential nutrient, excess iron is associated with carcinogenesis. Unlike the systemic compartment, the intestinal lumen lacks an efficient system to regulate iron. In conditions when dietary iron malabsorption and intestinal inflammation co-exist, greater lu...

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