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We list hundreds of Clinical Trials about "whole brain radiation still best brain metastases from" on BioPortfolio. We draw our references from global clinical trials data listed on ClinicalTrials.gov and refresh our database daily.
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Whole Brain Radiation Therapy (WBRT) has long been the mainstay of treatment for patients with multiple brain metastases (BM). Meanwhile, Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) has been increasingly employed in the management of multiple BM to spare healthy tissue. Hence, GKRS is expected to cause fewer cognitive side effects than WBRT. Treatment of multiple BM without cognitive side effects is becoming more important, as more patients live longer due to better systemic treatment opti...
The goal of this clinical research study is to learn whether Tarceva (erlotinib hydrochloride), when given in addition to whole brain radiation therapy, is better to treat brain metastases in patients with Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC).
This research study is studying palbociclib as a possible treatment for recurrent brain metastases. - Pfizer, a pharmaceutical company, is supporting this research study by providing the study drug as well as funding for research activities
Through this study, the investigators believe to describe more accurately the damage caused by brain radiation therapy in the long term.
Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is increasingly administered as the sole treatment of brain metastases, in order to spare acute and long term side effects associated with whole brain radiotherapy. Local control of SRS treated lesions is good, but patients tend to develop additional brain metastases subsequently. Nivolumab is a modulator of the immune system. Treatment with Nivolumab is associated with an increase in local control and survival in patients with non-small cell lu...
This study evaluates hippocampus-sparing whole-brain radiotherapy with simultaneous integrated boost for patients with multiple brain metastases from non-small cell lung cancer. The primary endpoint is intracranial progression free survival, and secondary endpoints are verbal neurocognitive function, overall survival, adverse events according to CTCAE v4.03, and quality of life.
Background: - Brain metastases are cancer cells that have spread to the brain from primary cancers in other organs. These tumors can be removed surgically. However, researchers are trying to find better ways to treat brain metastases. A new drug, GRN1005, has been designed to cross into the brain and deliver the cancer treatment drug paclitaxel to treat tumors. Researchers want to see how well GRN1005 works on brain metastases from breast or lung cancer. Objectives: ...
Stereotactic radiotherapy is an innovative treatment enabling to target accurately brain metastases. The aim of this study is to evaluate tumoral response and acute and late toxicity of this treatment.
RATIONALE: Steroid therapy, such as dexamethasone, may reduce swelling, pain, and other symptoms of inflammation and may be effective in treating some of the problems caused by cancer and cancer treatment. Supportive care improves the quality of life of patients with a serious or life-threatening disease, and prevents or treats symptoms of cancer, side effects of treatment, and other problems related to cancer or its treatment. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill ...
Brain metastases occur in 20-40% of patients with primary extracerebral tumors. Despite important advances in therapy of malignant solid tumors and treatment of 1-3 brain metastases, multiple brain metastases continue to present a significant problem in attempting to prevent progression of disease and limit morbidity associated with therapy. The majority of patients who develop brain metastases have a short survival, effective palliation being transient. The median survival aft...
This study has been designed to compile information on the efficacy of the GliaSite RTS combined with radiosurgery in the treatment of newly diagnosed metastatic brain tumors.
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of temozolomide in treating patients who have brain metastases.
This is a phase II, randomized, multicenter, open-label study designed to assess the safety and tolerability of concomitant chemotherapy with low-dose temozolomide during whole brain radiation and later on at 14 days on/14 days off schedule in patients with cerebral metastases from non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The response to temozolomide will be evaluated by clinical follow up and MRI performed every 2 months. Progression-free survival at 6 months, duration of overall s...
The aim of the study is to assess prospectively the impact of radiosurgery on the quality of life in patients with brain metastases.
This open-label, single-arm, multicenter study will evaluate the efficacy and safety in patients with metastatic melanoma who developed brain metastases. Patients may or may not have received prior treatment for metastatic melanoma with brain metastases (except treatment with BRAF or MEK inhibitors). Patients will receive oral doses of 960 mg vemurafenib twice daily until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity or consent withdrawal.
RATIONALE - Fractionated radiotherapy uses high-energy photons to kill, or damage tumor cells. High daily dose temozolomide combined with fractionated radiotherapy may make tumor cells more sensible to treatment. PURPOSE - This randomized phase II trial, assess in patients with brain metastases from solid tumors, whether the whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) plus temozolomide is able to improve the results obtained with WBRT.
Radio(chemo)therapy is the standard therapy for both, brain tumors and brain metastases. Neurological decline is observed in these patients and tumor progression or radiotherapy side effects have been made responsible for this. However CMV encephalitis may also be a reason. Therefore the investigators aim to analyze the CMV status in patients during and after radio(chemo)therapy. It will be checked by CMV-DNA (PCR analysis) and CMV antibodies (IgG and IgM ELISA) in the blood of...
Brain metastases are the most common adult intracranial tumor, occurring in approximately 10% to 30% of adult cancer patients, and represent an important cause of morbidity and mortality. The most widely used treatment for patients with multiple brain metastases is whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT). The use of WBRT after resection or stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) has been proven to be effective in terms of improving local control of brain metastases. RapidArc (RA) (...
Women with breast cancer often develop metastases in the brain. Currently, treatment of these metastases is difficult and relies on radiotherapy or surgery which often fail. Therefore, development of new methods of treatment for breast cancer with brain metastasis is very important. T-DM1 is a drug that is already in everyday use for a specific type of breast cancer called HER2-positive breast cancer. The objective of this study is to investigate whether T-DM1 is also effective...
RATIONALE: Internal radiation therapy uses radioactive material placed directly into or near a tumor to kill tumor cells. Stereotactic radiosurgery may be able to deliver x-rays directly to the tumor and cause less damage to normal tissue. Giving internal radiation therapy after surgery with or without radiosurgery may kill any remaining tumor cells. PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well internal radiation therapy with or without stereotactic radiosurgery works in ...
Lung cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide. Brain metastases manifest as the first site of disease failure in between 15-30% of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The standard treatment for patients with multiple brain metastases is whole brain radiotherapy but this results in only a modest survival of 3-6 months. Drugs that can enhance the effect of cranial irradiation (radiosensitizers) may improve the the response rates. Erlotinib (Tarceva) is an oral a...
Brain tumours often have low oxygen levels, and that makes them more resistant to radiation therapy. If patients breathe the right mixture of oxygen during treatment, radiation may work better. In this study, patients with brain tumour will undergo a special MRI test while they breathe different mixtures of oxygen and carbon dioxide to find out whether oxygen levels improve in the tumor. Patients will also be asked to repeat this MRI test during the second week of radiation the...
Primary Objectives: 1. To compare survival in a prospective randomized trial of patients with 1-3 brain metastases treated with either radiosurgery and whole brain radiation therapy or radiosurgery alone. 2. To prospectively compare the rates of local and distant brain recurrence between the two treatment groups. 3. To formally assess and compare neurocognitive changes and quality of life between the two treatment groups. 4. To ...
There are 2 parts to this research study: Part 1 (dose escalation) and Part 2 (dose expansion). The goal of Part 1 of this clinical research study is to find the highest tolerable dose of nivolumab that can be given either with radiation therapy alone or in combination with radiation and ipilimumab, in patients with NSCLC. The goal of Part 2 of this study is to learn if the dose of nivolumab found in Part 1 when given with radiation therapy and ipilimumab can help to con...
RATIONALE: Hyperbaric oxygen may increase blood flow and decrease swelling in areas of the brain damaged by radiation therapy. Giving hyperbaric oxygen therapy together with dexamethasone may be an effective treatment for radiation necrosis of the brain. PURPOSE: This randomized clinical trial is studying how well hyperbaric oxygen therapy works in treating patients with radiation necrosis of the brain.