Clinical Trials About "Adolescents self harm more likely commit violent crime" RSS

19:56 EDT 25th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Adolescents self harm more likely commit violent crime" Clinical Trials 1–25 of 2,600+

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Treatment for Adolescents With Deliberate Self Harm

The purpose of the study is to evaluate the efficiency of dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) in treatment of adolescents with deliberate self harm compared to treatment-as-usual (TAU). 150 patients in the age of 12-18 yrs old will be included in the study. The main inclusion criterion is repetitive deliberate self-harm. The patients will receive 16 weeks treatment in outpatient clinics in Oslo, after having been randomized to DBT or TAU. They will be assessed on five different ...

Early Study of N-Acetylcysteine to Treat Deliberate Self-Harm in Adolescents

Deliberate Self-Harm (DSH) among adolescents is a serious behavioral problem associated with significant injury, impaired functioning, reduced quality of life, and high rates of psychiatric hospitalizations. While DSH has not been shown to have a direct link to suicide attempts themselves, there is a clear link between individuals who engage in DSH and overall rates of suicide. There is currently no medication treatment approved by the FDA for the treatment of DSH. The...


Adapted Dialectical Behaviour Therapy for Adolescents With Deliberate Self-Harm: A Pre-post Observational Study

We conducted a pre-post naturalistic study regarding changes observed associated with a 15-week course of an adapted form of dialectical behaviour therapy for adolescents. We measured frequency of self-harm prior to treatment and after treatment using the Self-Injurious Thoughts and Behaviors Interview. We also measured changes using the Suicide Ideation Questionnaire, Life Problems Inventory, Resiliency Scale for Children and Adolescents.

Mentalization-Based Group Therapy for Adolescents

This is a prospective parallel group design of group-based Mentalization-Based Therapy for Adolescents (MBT-A) through a pilot randomised controlled trial comparing group-based MBT-A plus treatment as usual (TAU) to TAU alone. As a pilot study, we aim to determine: the effectiveness of our recruitment strategies; compliance with protocol/procedures; trends towards reduced self-harm.

Long Term Efficacy of DBT-A in Adolescents With Repetitive Self-harming and Suicidal Behaviours

The purpose of the study is to evaluate the long-term efficacy of dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) in treatment of adolescents with deliberate self harm compared to enhanced usual care (EUC). This study follows-up 80 patients in the ages of 12-18 yrs who have been included in an RCT of DBT-A vs EUC. The main inclusion criterion for this study was repetitive self-harm behaviour. The patients were randomly allocated to receive 16 weeks of outpatient DBT or EUC in child and adol...

Prevention of Violent Behavior Among Children

Violence is one of the major causes of death and injury for children, adolescents, and young adults 10 to 25 years of age. This study will examine the effectiveness of a violence prevention program in pediatricians’ offices. The program is designed for families who bring their 2 to 11 year old children in for a well child exam. It focuses on helping parents change behaviors related to the development of violent behavior in children.

The Effect of a Brief Psychological Intervention on Reducing Self-harm Repetition: Feasibility Study

Recent research has focused on examining brief interventions for reducing self-harm, such as the volitional help sheet (VHS). The VHS is a theory-based psychological intervention. Two previous studies applying this tool for reducing self-harm repetition showed inconsistent results; one showed reduced subsequent self-reported suicidal ideation and behavior in patients presenting to hospital for self-harm, whilst the other showed no effect on the number of patients who re-present...

Computer Assisted Family Intervention to Treat Self-Harm Disparities in Latinas and Sexual/Gender Minority Youth

This study is designed to refine and test the efficacy of a computer assisted culturally informed and flexible/adaptive intervention for Latino adolescents for whom self-harm behaviors are a health disparity—specifically, Latinas and sexual/gender minority youth.

Randomized Controlled Trial of Big Brothers Big Sisters Mentoring for Prevention of Crime and Delinquency

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the Big Brothers Big Sisters of America (BBBSA) community-based mentoring (CBM) program for prevention of crime and delinquency/conduct problems, including risk and protective factors for these outcomes. Approximately 2,500 youth ages 10-16 will be randomly assigned to either the CBM program or an untreated control group. Study outcomes will be assessed over a 4-year period via both youth- and parent-report surveys a...

SafERteens in Primary Care

The SafERteens Study demonstrated the efficacy of a brief intervention (BI) for violence on changing attitudes, self-efficacy, and reducing violent behaviors, peer victimization, and violence-related consequences among adolescents in the emergency department (ED). Using a RE-AIM framework to measure outcomes (Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, and Maintenance), a study was conducted to translate this BI for violence into clinical practice in the ED. A SafERteens Im...

Effectiveness of Reducing Smoking in Facilitating Smoking Cessation in Adolescents - 2

Currently one in five high school students smoke. Smoking can harm adolescents well before they reach adulthood by causing a number of immediate, sometimes irreversible, health risks and problems. This study will examine whether reducing smoking will facilitate quitting smoking in adolescents who have unsuccessfully attempted to quit smoking

SafERteens M-Coach

This study will use a SMART (Sequential, Multiple Assignment Randomized Trial) design to optimize adaptive interventions (AIs) for adolescents reporting alcohol misuse and violent behaviors. The study will test the efficacy of state-of-the-art adaptive intervention delivery approaches (text messaging, remote therapy) for reducing alcohol use and violent behaviors among urban teens. Given the morbidly/mortality associated with alcohol use and violence, this study will have signi...

Video Game-Brain Functioning Reversibility Study

1. Young adults who are exposed to 7-10 days of play of violent video games will show reduced activation in certain regions of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and anterior cingulate cortex. 2. Young adults who are exposed to 7-10 days of violent video games will show increased activation in regions of the amygdala. 3. Young adults who abstain from violent video games for a week, after 7-10 days of play of violent video games, will show increas...

Biological and Cognitive Markers of Violent Behavior in Forensic Patients With Polysubstance Use: Retrospective Evaluation

Aggressive behavior, both in the form of violence toward others (injury-inflicting or homicide) or toward oneself (suicide or self-injures) create problems of patient management, treatment and paroles. Biological causes of violent crime were hypothesized by Eysenck (1978), who believed that criminality resulted from a nervous system distinct from that of most people. The prefrontal cortex, regulates planning of motor acts and executive functions, which are critical for ...

Development of an HIV Self-testing Intervention

This randomized controlled trial (RCT) evaluates whether HIV self-testing (HIVST) facilitates sexual harm reduction and reduces HIV transmission among HIV-negative MSM in China.The intervention group will be offered HIVST kits plus harm reduction education, and followed 9 month, while the control group will receive harm reduction educational material only.

Interrupting Self-Harm Study

My study will employ a convergent mixed methods two-arm parallel randomized controlled design. The qualitative strand will primarily rely on semi-structured interview procedures to answer the following questions: (1) How do adolescents perceive and experience the phenomenon of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI)? (2) What do adolescents believe needs to be done to address NSSI? The quantitative strand will primarily rely on clinical interview data, self-report measures, and an exper...

Rapid Agitation Control With Ketamine in the Emergency Department

Compare intramuscular (IM) ketamine to a combination of IM midazolam and haloperidol with regards to the time required for adequate behavioral control, in minutes, in patients presenting to the emergency department with psychomotor agitation and violent behavior.

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Violent Offenders

This study investigates the effect of upregulating prefrontal cortex activity on risk-taking, and antisocial and aggressive behavior in violent offenders. In the double-blind, randomized controlled trial, using a within-subject crossover design, each participant will undergo anodal transcranial direct current stimulation of the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and sham stimulation. After each stimulation session, neural activity and behavioral responses to tasks assessing r...

Effect of Violent First-Person Shooter (FPS) Video Games on Shooting Accuracy

The present research tests the effects of violent shooting games on behavior within the game (Pilot Study) and on behavior after the game is turned off (Experiment Proper). The Experiment Proper is an exact replication of a previous study conducted in our lab that was retracted (see citation), but with a larger sample to get more reliable results (N=287 rather than N=151).

Dialectical Behavior Therapy for Adolescents at Rutgers University

This project expands our existing psychological services clinic (the Dialectical Behavior Therapy Clinic at Rutgers University; DBT-RU) to include an adolescent treatment arm. Adolescents aged 13-20 and at least one caregiver will be recruited to participate in a six-month treatment study. Adolescents will be eligible to participate if they meet at least 3 criteria for borderline personality disorder, with one of those criteria being either impulsive behavior or recurrent self-...

Adressing PTSD Symptoms and Aggressive Behavior in Vulnerable Children in Burundi

Children either living in the streets of Bujumbara or that are similarly affected by extreme poverty or violence are regularly exposed to traumatic events. Additionally, they often find themselves in situations where engaging in violent behavior appears to be useful or even necessary for survival. The Narrative Exposure Therapy for violent offenders (FORNET) aims to reduce both PTSD symptoms and aggressive behavior. It helps the children to anchor fearful experiences and potent...

Effectiveness Study of a Dialectical Behavioral Treatment for Families of Adolescents With Emotional Instability

Emotional instability disorder (IE) is appreciable since adolescence, and crises (suicidal ideation, self-harm, impulsive acts and brief psychotic episodes) carry a high use of health resources, coupled with the suffering of families who feel helpless and difficulties in handling. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) for parents of adolescents with IE who are in treatment in the different network devices of Chi...

Imaginator: a Pilot of a Brief Functional Imagery Training Intervention for Self-harm

Self-harm has substantial personal impacts as well as costs on the NHS. Around 13-17% of young people report experiences of self-harm. In Cambridgeshire, this is a significant issue with the number of admissions to hospital for self-harm in young people being higher than the UK average. Treating underlying mental illness can lead to a reduction in self-harm, but these are long interventions for complex disorders and many people who self-harm are not under treatment for mental i...

DBT-SS for Cognitively Challenged Individuals With Deliberate Self-harm

The study evaluates the effect of Dialectic Behavior Therapy Skills System (DBT-SS) in individuals with Intelligence Quotient 65-85 and recurrent self-harm. The study is primarily descriptive with 6 cases followed by repeated measurements (weekly; time series analysis). Primary outcome measure is frequency and severity of self-harming behavior, reported weekly 4 weeks before the start of the intervention, throughout the intervention and 12 weeks after the intervention has stopp...

Skin Camouflage for Women Prisoners With Self-Harm Scarring

Women prisoners are more likely to commit suicide or self-harm than women in the community or male prisoners. Healthcare services have improved how they manage self-harm in the community and prisons. However, there has been little focus on the recovery of people with self-harm scars. Medical skin camouflage (MSC) is a British National Formulary-listed topical cream designed to cover skin conditions. Research on MSC has focused on its use with non-self-harm marks e.g. burns. ...

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