Clinical Trials About "Alternation in the Human Microbiome With Commonly Used Topical Medications" RSS

03:22 EST 18th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Alternation Human Microbiome With Commonly Used Topical Medications" Clinical Trials 1–25 of 10,000+

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Alternation in the Human Microbiome With Commonly Used Topical Medications

The global aim of this study is to investigate how the human microbiome changes from baseline with commonly used topical medications such as topical antifungals, low to mid potency topical steroids and emollients. The specific aims are as follows: 1. Investigate whether ketoconazole cream, a commonly used topical antifungal, causes alterations in the human skin microbiome with short-term use. 2. Investigate whether desonide 0.05 % ointment, a commonly used low...


Food and Microbiome Longitudinal Investigation (FAMiLI)

The NYU Human Microbiome Study Cohort is designed to improve understanding of the role of human microbiome in health and disease. This study will serve as a critical NYU biorepository resource for research on human genetics and the microbiome in health and disease

Effect of Antibiotics on Penile Microbiome and HIV Susceptibility Study in Ugandan Men

This pilot study will assess the impact of four antimicrobial products (3 topical, one systemic) on the foreskin microbiome and HIV susceptibility of foreskin-derived CD4+ T cells. Participants will include HIV-uninfected Ugandan men presenting for elective male circumcision to reduce their HIV risk.

How Reflux Medications Affect the Microbiome of Infants

The changes in the organisms making up the gut microbiota in infants who are taking anti-acid reflux medications (histamine 2 receptor antagonists) as compared to infants who are not taking these medications is not well-studied or understood. Whether these medications change the gut microbiota and microbiome, and what that change may imply for children on these medications, is the focus of this study.

Study of a New Dressing for Use With Topical Medications

The purpose of this study is to determine if a new dressing designed to be used with topical medications will enhance the effects of these topical medications.

Role of Topical Treatments in the Modulation of Skin Microbiome in Psoriatic Skin

Changes in microbiome have been reported recently in psoriasis lesions compared to healthy surround skin. Preliminary data showed that systemic treatments of psoriasis induce modification of the skin microbiome that becomes similar to healthy individuals after successful treatment. The causative role of microbiome in psoriasis remains in debate. The modification of skin microbiome is suspected to be able to activate the innate immune response, namely natural killers (NKs) and i...

Effects of H.Pylori Eradication on Microbiome

The aim of this Project is, within the scope of industrial research, to evaluate the long term effects of H.pylori eradication on microbiome (gut microbiome, upper respiratory tract microbiome) and lasting adverse events. In addition, the project aims to evaluate its effects on abundance and prevalence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases coding genes and develop cost effective ESBL screening test prototype.

Plant Based Diet, Ethnicity, and the Gut Microbiome

Samples will be collected to determine human genetic variation, fecal and oral microbial communities, and metabolome products. Several evolutionary and ecological diversity metrics will be distilled to test: a) if microbiome variation within each ethnicity is less than that between ethnicities; b) if microbiome variation is finely structured according to genetic relatedness; and c) if dietary variation impacts human genome x microbiome associations.

The Oral Microbiome and Upper Aerodigestive Squamous Cell Cancer

The human oral cavity is a diverse habitat that contains approximately 700 prokaryotic species. The oral microbiome is comprised of 44% named species, 12% isolates representing unnamed species, and 44% phylotypes known only from 16S rRNA based cloning studies ( Species from 11 phyla have been identified: Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Spirochaetes, Fusobacteria, TM7, Synergistetes, Chlamydiae, Chloroflexi and SR1 (http://www.hom...

The Gut and Skin Microbiome in Vitiligo Disease Progression

Investigators plan to perform a pilot study that aims to characterize the microbiome of human vitiligo patients with both active and stable disease and compare this to the microbiome of age and sex matched controls. The investigators aim to answer the question whether the gut and skin microbiome of patients with vitiligo differs from the general population.

Comparative Study of Great Ape-caretaker Microbiome

The SHAPES-Captivity study seeks to identify metagenomic components of the intestinal microbiome shared by human beings and captive great apes living in proximity and in direct, daily contact. The investigators will determine the phylogenetic diversity of enterotypes (bacterial and viral) shared between human beings and great apes and will link these results with participant-observations of caretakers' activities (and contacts) with these great apes.

Combination Therapy for Atopic Dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis is a chronic relapsing disease with acute flares. The standard therapy is to treat acute flares using topical medications. The two most common classes of topical medications for atopic dermatitis are topical corticosteroids and topical calcineurin inhibitors. Pimecrolimus and topical corticosteroids exert their activity by different mechanisms, there may be a synergistic effect of the combination therapy. Therefore, a combination therapy may provide a...

The Oronasal Microbiota in Pediatric Oncology Patients

The human microbiome is composed of unique groups of microorganisms occupying distinct habitats distributed throughout the human body. The Human Microbiome Project recently evaluated the bacterial composition of the microbiome in 18 (for women) and 15 (for men) body sites. Much initial attention in the field of microbiome research has focused on the bacterial contribution to a "healthy" microbiome. However, it is clear that other microorganisms, including fungi and viruses, are...

Effects of Commonly Used Medications on Mood and Choice

This non-treatment study will examine how commonly used prescription or over-the-counter medications may influence mood and medication preference.

Gut Microbiome and Metabolic Pathways Changes in Vitiligo

Vitiligo is a chronic depigmenting autoimmune-associated skin disease and a growing psychological health concern because of its low quality of life. Genetics, immunology and environment triggers contribute to the pathophysiology of vitiligo. Identify and decrease the risk factors of vitiligo is very crucial for vitiligo treatment and prevention. Emerging evidence has linked gut microbiome to human autoimmune diseases. Here the investigators will analyze 10,913 metagenomes in st...

Detection of Luminal and Mucosa-associated Microbiome in Healthy Controls vs. Local and Systemic Inflammation

This study should reveal differences in composition of luminal and mucosa-associated microbiome of the human gastrointestinal tract.Therefore bacterial species of different intestinal location sites (small intestine and colon) isolated of biopsies were compared to bacterial composition of stool samples. Additionally the bacterial composition of healthy persons, patients with inflammatory bowel disease and with liver disease (liver cirrhosis) will be compared to detect influence...

Assessing the Role of a Fermented Soy Extract in Inflammation and the Human Microbiome

The consumption of fermented soy foods can alter the human microbiome and may confer health benefits. Researchers propose a line of inquiry to assess the effects of Q-Can Plus ("QC") fermented soy beverage in humans, assessing immunological, microbiological, and clinical parameters.

Effect of Spice Consumption on the Microbiome

Several human intervention studies have also been performed that demonstrated beneficial effects of high polyphenol fruits and vegetable on the intestinal microbiome. No information is available about the effect of spice consumption on the gut microbiome. This proposed pilot study will assess the ability of daily consumption of 5 grams of mixed spices to alter the gut microbiome composition compared to placebo in a free-living population.

Antibiotic Resistance and Microbiome in Children Aged 6-59 Months in Nouna, Burkina Faso

The use of antibiotics has saved millions of human lives, however consumption of antibiotics can select for antibiotic resistant organisms and may lead to changes in commensal microbiome. This study is designed to estimate the effect of antibiotic consumption on microbiome in a rural region of rural Burkina Faso. Changes in the intestinal and nasopharyngeal microbiome and resistome following a short course of antibiotics will be measured.

Impact of Soylent Consumption on Human Microbiome Composition

Soylent 2.0 is a popular meal replacement drink that is used to supplement or replace one's regular diet. Soylent is designed to fully fulfill one's nutritional needs, but its impact on the human microbiome remains unknown. This study aims to track the composition of participants' gut microbiomes before, during, and after Soylent consumption to more holistically understand its impact on microbiome health. We predict that a short term Soylent-based diet will induce observable an...

Phages Dynamics and Influences During Human Gut Microbiome Establishment

Microbial communities are key components of human environment. Consequently, human gut microbiome have been extensively studied providing a better understanding of the relations between bacterial populations and host physiology. However, a typical analysis tends to elude the complexity of the mixes in term of species, strains, as well as extra-chromosomal DNA molecules such as and phages. MetaKids project aims at bringing, at an unprecedented resolution, a new view of those pop...

Evaluation of Topical Chamomile Versus Topical Triamcinolone Acetonide in Management of Oral Lichen Planus

Using of herbal medications as topical chamomile which has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anticarcinogenesis effect with little side effects is the aim for the future treatment of OLP.

The Human Microbiome and IVF Outcomes

Patients and partners undergoing an autologous IVF cycle will be recruited to participate in this prospective observational study investigating the microbiome and its association with IVF pregnancy outcomes. During the the controlled ovarian hyperstimulation cycle as well as the frozen embryo transfer cycle, a number of specimens will be collected for next generation sequencing of 16S rRNA to evaluate the microbiome profile of the reproductive and gastrointestinal tracts. Data ...

Imaging Trial of the Distribution of Topical Gel in the Human Vagina: Enhanced MRI Techniques to Increase Resolution

This study will assess the distribution of topical gel in the human vagina, using enhanced MRI techniques. The number and size of uncovered areas will be studied, and the upper genital tract will be examined for the presence of topical gel using MRI.

Controlled Feeding Experiment

The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of dietary fat, in standard formulation, on the composition of the human microbiome in a prospective study of normal volunteers. Participants will be randomly assigned to either a high fat or low fat diet for 10 days. The gut microbiome will be phylotyped in fecal samples as well as in bacteria adherent to the colonic mucosa prior to, and during the course of the dietary interventions.

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