Clinical Trials About "Biological Adaptations of Strength Training." RSS

07:44 EST 18th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Biological Adaptations Strength Training" Clinical Trials 1–25 of 10,000+

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Strength Training Adaptations, Age and Genes

The study investigates the effect of maximal strength training on muscular strength and power in different age groups from 20 to 80 year old. It also relates the training adaptations to different known genes such as angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) and Alpha-actinin-3 (ACTN3). Participants will complete an eight weeks, three times per week training intervention of maximal strength training with a pre-post design. In addition, blood samples will be collected for the analyse...

Polyphenol Rich Supplementation on Markers of Recovery From Intense Resistance Exercise

Strength training is commonly used as an intervention to increase muscle mass, thus improving a person's ability to undertake activities of daily living, or enhance athletic performance. The strength training regimen itself, while ultimately having beneficial effects, causes muscle fibers to be damaged, which the body has to recover from. As the body recovers, it rebuilds the muscle tissue and after multiple consecutive bouts of strength training, the muscle eventually becomes ...

Tendon Adaptations to Training - Effect of Ageing

Tendons are essential structures for transmitting muscle forces to skeletal structures. A stiffer tendon will transmit muscle force faster, and then allow faster movement. Moreover, tendons are a living tissue and respond to mechanical forces by changing their metabolism as well as their structural and mechanical properties. The aim of the present study is to answer essential questions remaining unanswered that are necessary in order to optimize physical activity with ageing in...

Superset Strength Training for Time-efficiency

Physical inactivity is a global challenge and there is an urgent need to find strategies to increases people's activity levels. Strength training is one of the activities that is recommended to engage in regularly by both the American College of Sports Medicine and the World Health Organization. Understanding how strength training can be done effectively without spending much time could potentially increase people's involvement in strength training, as lack of time often is rep...


Effectiveness of Combined Aerobic and Strength Training in Acute and Chronic Adaptations in Patients With Heart Failure

Patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) underwent to a hospital-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program in the Lisbon district Hospitals will be recruited. The participants will be randomized into one of the following exercise groups: A) combined exercise training with more aerobic training and less strength training (CAT); B) combined exercise training with more strength training and less aerobic training (CST). The investigators will test two proportions in combined train...

Muscle Capillarization and Sarcopenia

Aging is associated with a loss of muscle mass, termed sarcopenia, that reduces mobility, decreases physical function and accelerates progression of other age-related disorders. This study is designed to determine whether increasing skeletal muscle capillarization through aerobic exercise will enhance muscular adaptations to strength training in older adults with sarcopenia.

Creatine Timing and Resistance Training Adaptations.

Emerging evidence suggests that the timing of creatine supplementation may be an important regulator of muscle growth and strength. It is unclear whether creatine ingested before or after resistance training is more beneficial. A limitation of previous research is the use of a between subject design. A between subject design is associated with several potential confounders (habitual diet, genetics, activities of daily living, etc.) that may have masked the true effect. The purp...

Acute Effects of Whole-body Vibration Training in Hypoxia and Normoxia in Multiple Sclerosis Patients

Multiple Sclerosis (ME) is a degenerative, inflammatory and autoimmune demyelinating disease of the central nervous system, characterized by demyelination due to inflammation and degeneration of the myelin sheaths enveloping nerves of the eye, periventricular grey matter, brain, spinal cord and brainstem. The symptoms associated with MS include symptomatic fatigue, muscle weakness, ataxia, mobility and balance problems or cognitive problems. Moderate intensity strength training...

Biomechanics Responses to Power and Strength Combined Training

Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is the most frequently injured knee ligament during performance of recreational activities and sports. In the United States, the annual incidence is 68.6 per 100,000 people per year and in Brazil, the estimation of ACL reconstruction increases 64%. There are different biomechanical profiles of risk factors for an ACL injury variable, the ligament dominance, the quadriceps dominance, the trunk dominance, and the leg dominance. Thus, the purpose o...

Reliability and Validity of Strength Measurements of the Lower Limbs in Children With Bilateral Spastic Cerebral Palsy.

Specific musculo-tendinous adaptations in children with cerebral palsy (CP) have an influence on muscle strength and consequently on functional behavior and participation. Evidence of strength training programs has been shown on level of body function but transfer to levels of activity and participation is still limited. Lack of transfer is related to lack of specificity of the training and poor overall quality of the interventions (intensity, duration, frequency and/or type). ...

Strength Training After Hip Fracture Surgery

The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of intensive strength training of the the fractured leg in patients with hip fracture, during admittance in an acute orthopedic ward. The study hypothesis is that the training will improve function and reduce the strength loss in the fractured leg in comparison with the non-fractured leg.

Acute Cardiovascular Responses and Chronic Adaptations of Strength Exercise in Intermittent Claudication Patients

The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of resistance exercise and training on cardiovascular function of PAD patients.

Influence of Sit Muscle Strength Training and Game on Elderly

Objective: The study aims to understand the physical function, body composition, mental state, behavior, depression, and life quality change of the elderly in a long-term care before and after the intervention. Four interventional activities are sitting strength training, games, sitting strength training with games, and health education.

Supplemental Protein And Resistance Training Adaptations

Chronic resistance training has been shown to increase muscle cross-sectional area, volume and strength. Individuals participating in a resistance training program may wish to consume protein supplements to aid recovery and maximise adaptation. Furthermore, antioxidants have been shown to aid recovery from acute bouts of exercise. However, the effect of antioxidants combined with protein on long term-training adaptation is not fully understood. This study will combine measures...

BFR and Muscle Mitochondrial Oxidative Capacity

Blood flow restricted (BFR) exercise has been shown to improve skeletal muscle adaptations to resistance exercise. BFR uses blood pressure cuffs (i.e., tourniquets) to reduce skeletal muscle blood flow during resistance exercise. One benefit of BFR is that skeletal muscle adaptations to resistance exercise training including muscle hypertrophy and increases in strength can be achieved at lower-loads (e.g., 25-30% 1RM), that are often comparable to more traditional resistance tr...

A Comparison of High-intensity Interval Training Protocols on Health and Fitness

Recently, it has been demonstrated that multimodal high-intensity interval training (MM-HIIT) (utilizing resistance-based and functional movements) can produce similar aerobic adaptations compared to high-intensity interval training (HIIT) using rowing but with greater muscle performance in females. In addition, HIIT has been shown to be more enjoyable than continuous training, and this may lead to enhanced self-efficacy and increased physical activity. To our knowledge, howeve...

The Effects of COX-inhibiting Drugs on Skeletal Muscle Adaptations to Resistance Exercise in Healthy Adults

In this study, 40 (18-35 yrs) healthy human subjects will be randomised to consume 1200 mg ibuprofen or 75 mg acetylsalicylic acid daily during a training period of 8 weeks. During these weeks, subjects perform 2-3 supervised strength training sessions (knee extensions). Before and after training, muscle volume is measured by MRI, and muscle strength is assessed by isokinetic and isoinertial ergometers. Muscle biopsies are obtained from m. vastus lateralis to study gene and pr...

Immune Function and Muscle Adaptations to Resistance Exercise in Older Adults

The loss of muscle mass and strength due to aging leads to serious health problems for older adults. Muscle health can be improved by exercise training, but some people improve their strength substantially, whereas others improve little. The reason for this variation is unknown. This study will investigate whether function of the immune system influences how well people respond to exercise. Older veterans who participate will have their muscle size, strength, and function meas...

Strong People Strength Training Study

The Strong People Strength Training study aims to assess whether a community-based progressive strength training program can improve risk factors for diabetes and heart disease in older rural adults.

Improving Gait in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) - Strength Training or Treadmill Walking?

The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of strength training for the lower extremities and treadmill training on walking ability in persons with Multiple Sclerosis. The study is a randomized control trial with two groups and the intervention is 8 weeks of intensive strength training or treadmill walking. Primary outcome measure is walking ability, secondary outcome measures are balance, work economy and strength.

Strength Training for ARthritis Trial

The primary purpose of this study is to compare the effects of a high and low intensity strength training programs vs. a control group on knee pain and compressive joint forces.

How Does Strength Training and Balance Training Affect Gait Function and Fatigue in Patients With Multiple Sclerosis?

Introduction: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is characterized by decreased strength and motor control, and compromised gait function. Reduced walking speed, balance and fatigue are the cardinal symptoms. In rehabilitation strength and balance training is commonly used. There is increasing scientific support of strength training for improving walking function. The evidence for balance training is yet flawed. It is known that neurologic damage in MS leads to increased cognitive processi...

Effect of Strength and Coordination Training on Biomechanics and Injury in New Runners

The investigators hypothesize that new runners participating in an 8 week strength and coordination training program prior to beginning to run will 1) display different coordination patterns , and 2) experience fewer injuries, compared to new runners who do not perform strength or coordination training prior to running.

Biological Adaptations of Strength Training.

A two-trial repeated measures design will be employed in this investigation. Both the control trial and the exercise trial will last for 3 months. During a week before the start of the study, participants will complete dietary recalls and record their habitual physical activity using accelerometers. Thereafter, body composition, ultrasound imaging of the muscle and liver, biochemical and hematological markers were measured. This range of measurements will be repeated the ended ...

Strength Training as a Supplemental Therapy of Androgen Deficiency of the Aging Male

This study examines the effect of 12-week strength training program with and without testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) on body composition, physical function, selected biochemical markers of metabolic health, molecular parameters of training adaptation and the quality of life patients with ADAM. The investigators believe, that strength training program performed 2 times per week for 12 weeks can improve body composition (decrease fat mass and gain lean mass), muscle streng...

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