Clinical Trials About "Births outside obstetric institutions mortality risk" RSS

01:17 EST 24th February 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Births outside obstetric institutions mortality risk" Clinical Trials 1–25 of 13,000+


Thyroid Dysfunction and Obstetric Complications

Obstetric complications are common and can be responsible for maternal and foetal morbidity and mortality. Thyroid dysfunction has been identified as a possible cause of obstetric complications. Many studies have been conducted to estimate the prevalence and define the nature of obstetric complications observed in patients with thyroid dysfunction. However, women with obstetric complications are not systematically screened for thyroid dysfunction and no published study h...

Home or Home-like Hospital Birth

In the Netherlands, which has about 200.000 births per year, maternity care is provided by midwives or general practitioners unless medical reasons necessitate specialist obstetric care. Women with low risk pregnancies are free to decide where to give birth, attended by their midwife or general practitioner, at home or in the hospital, from which they are then discharged within 24 hours. In the Netherlands these hospital births are referred to as "poliklinische bevallingen" (i....

Asia Pregnancy Outcomes Study

Preterm birth is a major cause of child mortality and morbidity, most of which occurs in south-east Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. To date few neonatal cause of death studies, especially in low- and middle-income countries have determined the specific causes of preterm death, instead attributing all neonatal deaths of infants born at less than 37 weeks to prematurity. Infections are responsible for a large proportion of these deaths but because of complexity and costs associated ...

SURVIVAL PLUSS: Increasing Capacity for Mama-baby Survival in Post-conflict Uganda and South Sudan

Universal coverage of good quality facility based care globally could prevent nearly 113,000 maternal deaths, 531,000 stillbirths and 1.3 million neonatal deaths annually by 2020. Yet, only 57% of pregnant Ugandan women choose to deliver at health facilities. This unacceptably low coverage of facility based births could explain, in part, the high maternal and perinatal mortality estimates in Uganda. While multiple studies have examined factors associated with this low utilizati...

Onset of Labor and Metabolomics (GEM-2)

Premature birth is a public health problem and its incidence has recently increased in all developed countries. In Canada, it represented 6.4% of births in 1981 and 7.6% in 2000. In the last decade, the survival rate of premature infants has increased considerably, but neurological vulnerability has not changed. Premature births are the cause of approximately 28% of neonatal mortality in the world and is the major cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity in developed countrie...

Ultrasonographic and Hormonal Characteristics of Malawian Women With and Without Obstetric Fistula

This study is a cross-sectional study of 110 Malawian women to compare the ultrasonographic and hormonal characteristics of women and without obstetric fistula. Hypothesis #1: Women with obstetric fistula have a mean cervical length measurement that is at least 10 mm shorter than the mean cervical length measurement of similar women without obstetric fistula. Hypothesis #2: Evaluation of the hormonal and ultrasonographic characteristics of women with obstetric fistula w...

Fistula Formation and Successful Repair

The objective of this proposal is to create a database for obstetric fistula patients at Bwaila Hospital containing their demographics, obstetric history, fistula history, physical exam findings, intraoperative and postoperative results. Data collection will be prospective starting in 2011 upon institutional review board (IRB) approval to last a minimum of five years and will have a retrospective component tracing back to January 2010. Primary goals of data analysis will be to ...

Prognostic Features for Mortality in Young Adults With Pneumonia

Pneumonia is a major cause of mortality and morbidity. A large body of evidence concerning the mortality risk factors in elderly patients with pneumonia has been reported; however, less is known about causes of mortality in patients of sixty and less. We noted a relatively substantial rate of short term mortality in this group of patients that were admitted to our institution. Therefore, we aimed to estimate the mortality rate and to identify risk factors for mortality among pa...

Immune Thrombocytopenia in Pregnancy

The pregnancy may activate flares of certain autoimmune diseases such as lupus. The influence of pregnancy on the evolution of ITP was never studied while this pathology affects firstly women old enough to procreate. Also, the influence of ITP on pregnancy (risk of obstetric complications) and on newborns (risk of neonatal thrombocytopenia) is rather unknown and never studied in a prospective study. The realization of a prospective study to answer these questions is necessary t...

Maternal Oral Therapy to Reduce Obstetric Risk Kids

The principal objective was to conduct a 5 year; multi-center, observational follow-up study enrolling infants born to mothers who participated in the MOTOR clinical trial to determine the effects of maternal periodontal therapy during pregnancy on neonatal morbidity and mortality and whether this will result in lower incidence of functional neurological impairment.

Incidence of Obstetric Anal Sphincter Injuries After a Protection Training

This is a retrospective cohort study. This two cohort study seeks to compare the incidence of obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) in two time periods, before and after an educational workshop for improved perineal support.

Endometriosis and Risk of Obstetric Complications

The aim of this study is to compare the rate of obstetric complications at first spontaneous pregnancy among women with endometriosis, with the rate of obstetric complications at first spontaneous pregnancy among women without endometriosis

Intervention of Psychological and Ethical Professionals of Human Science in Obstetrical Morbidity and Mortality Conferences (OPEN : Organization, Practices Evaluation in Perinatal Network)

This cluster-randomised controlled trial will test the hypothesis that a multifaceted program with psychological intervention in morbidity mortality conferences (MMC) improve care quality and reduce the rate of morbidity mortality perinatal in diverse obstetric care settings.

Musculoskeletal and Obstetric Management Study

The investigators propose such a trial to compare a Musculoskeletal and Obstetric Management (MOM) program to standard obstetric care alone for lower back pain/pelvic pain (LBP/PP) during and after pregnancy.

Outcomes of Women After Obstetric Fistula Repair

The purpose of this study is to describe the long-term surgical success, quality of life, prevalence of depression, fertility rates, and pregnancy outcomes of patients who have undergone obstetric fistula repair. This will be a study involving up to 300 women 1-3 years after they have undergone obstetric fistula repair at the Fistula Care Center in Lilongwe, Malawi. Patients who underwent obstetric fistula repair between January 1, 2012 and July 31, 2014 will be identif...

Management of Obstetrical Pain: " 7 Days Survey of Obstetric Analgesia/Anesthesia in France"

Obstetric analgesia is a requirement of our times. The different applicable methods vary in effectiveness. The essential part is represented by epidural analgesia which remains one of the most effective methods. It is important to know other methods to respond to all requests. The applications of these methods, patient satisfaction and psychic experience, complications or incidents remain poorly or partially evaluated in France. The main objective is to describe the different ...

External Phase MRI in Diagnosis of OASI

There is around 60 000 births annually in Finland. Around 1-5% of all vaginal deliveries in Finland complicate in a Grade III- IV perineal tear. Because the diagnosis of a sphincter lesion after birth can be challenging the total amount of women having obtained a sphincter lesion could be even grater. The aim of our study is to compare different tools in the diagnosis of obstetric anal sphincter injury. In doing so we hope to achieve early diagnosis of this pathology and thus ...

High-risk Patients in Cardiac Surgery: HiriSCORE

Over time there is a need to improve old and develop new risk models. The assessment of mortality risk in cardiac surgery is performed with the use of preoperative risk models. The use of improved risk models and increased accuracy in the technique of preparing these mathematical systems does not have a positive impact on the level of prediction, which is still declining, especially in the considered group of high risk. These models need to be improved in mortality determinatio...

Prevention of Preterm Delivery in Twin Pregnancies by 17 Alpha-hydroxyprogesterone Caproate

Preterm birth remains a major cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality in developing as well as in developed countries. Despite major clinical research efforts aimed at reducing the incidence of preterm births in the United States, the preterm birth rate reached its highest level in 2 decades, 11.9% in 2001, which translates to a 27% rise since 1981. Much of this increase may be accounted for by the increase in multiple gestations brought about by assisted reproductive techno...

Mechanical Dilatation of the Cervix at Elective Caesarean Section to Reduce Post-Operative Blood Loss

obstetric hemorrhage remains one of the major causes of maternal death in both developed and developing countries. Because of its importance as a leading cause of maternal mortality and morbidity, and because of evidence of substandard care in the majority of fatal cases, obstetric hemorrhage must be considered as a priority topic for national guideline development. Some obstetricians believe that the cervix of women at non-labor cesarean section is undilated and might c...

Active Management Of Risk In Pregnancy At Term to Reduce Rate of Cesarean Deliveries

This is a prospective randomized cohort study of obstetric patients from Paley clinic at AEMC and from other affiliated obstetric clinics. This study will try to determine if active management of risks in pregnancy at term by inducing patients will not decrease the cesarean delivery rate or change neonatal outcomes. The outcomes that will be measured include cesarean delivery rate, meconium, Apgar scores and admissions to the NICU.

Predictive Model for Postoperative Mortality

Surgery has risk of morbidity and mortality. Risk factors include: patient factors; surgical factors; and anesthetic factors. The risk is much higher in emergency cases. The study of relevant risk factors can lead to improvement in patient management and reduction in mortality.

Direct REporting of Awareness in MaternitY Patients

DREAMY is a prospective, multi-centre observational cohort study using a mixed methods approach to provide quantitative and qualitative data on accidental awareness under general anaesthesia (AAGA) in obstetric surgery patients. Obstetric patients undergoing surgery, such as emergency caesarian section under general anaesthesia, are thought to be at higher risk than any other surgical cohorts for AAGA. Patients recruited to the study will be screened for AAGA using a standardis...

Three Interacting Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) and the Risk of Preterm Birth in Black Families

A multilocus interaction of three pro-inflammatory cytokine single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), -3448 Tumor Necrosis Factor-α, -7227 Interleukin 6, and 33314 Interleukin 6R was reported by Menon and associates in 2006. The researchers reported that they were able to predict spontaneous preterm birth in 65.2% of a population restricted to European-American mothers. Expansion of this research is needed to determine if the results are also applicable in Black populations. ...

Eating Away From Home and Mortality

The proposed study will test the hypothesis that frequency of eating away from home meals is independently related to the prospective risk of mortality in the US population. The study will use public-domain mortality linked data from US national Surveys to address this question.

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