Clinical Trials About "Cannabinoid Receptor Type Agonists Pipeline Insights 2017 Updated" RSS

18:29 EDT 17th June 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Cannabinoid Receptor Type Agonists Pipeline Insights 2017 Updated" Clinical Trials 1–25 of 11,000+


The Effect of the GLP-1 Receptor Agonists on Blood Levels of Lipoprotein (a)

Lipoprotein (a) [Lp (a)] is an independent cardiovascular risk (CVR) both in the general population and in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM-2). Until now no effective treatment is known to decrease the levels of Lp (a) levels and thus achieve a reduction of CVR. Among the new antidiabetic drugs are GLP-1Receptor agonists(GLP-1R). In addition to lowering blood glucose, these drugs have other beneficial effects. In our laboratory we have demonstrated that both native G...

Effect of LIXIsenatide on the Renal System

Based on preclinical and small-sized studies in non-diabetic individuals, incretin-based therapies, i.e. glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 receptor agonists and dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors, may hold promise in preventing the onset and progression of diabetic kidney disease. However, the potential renoprotective effects of these agents, that are believed to be effectuated "beyond glucose control", have not been sufficiently detailed in human diabetes. Therefore, the pre...

Cannabinoid Receptor Function & Alcoholism

Background: A family history of alcoholism is a risk factor for the development of alcohol problems. Factors that modulate the positive and negative reward valence of alcohol effects may influence the likelihood of repeated and or problematic use, and are therefore of interest. Alcohol has multiple targets in the brain that independently contribute to its behavioral effects. Studies with various pharmacological probes including alcohol, ketamine and benzodiazepines suggest d...

Pipeline Flex With SHield Technology Embolization - An International MulticEnter ObservationaL Post Market StuDy

This is a prospective, single-arm, multi-center post-market observational study assessing the performance of the Pipeline™ Flex Embolization Device with Shield Technology™ in subjects undergoing treatment for intracranial aneurysms in a large real-world, post-market setting.

Effect of GLP-1 on Angiogenesis

GLP-1 receptor agonists are introduced in the treatment of type 2 Diabetes (T2D) and their efficacy is documented. However, safety aspects are also important to evaluate with respect to micro and macrovascular complications associated with T2D. Few studies have properly addressed the role of GLP-1-based therapies in regulating vascular integrity and angiogenesis. The study evaluate the impact of one-month treatment Liraglutide on both ANGPT2 and ANGLPT4 levels and endothelial c...

Pipeline Integrating Gut Metagenome Data, Host Immunogenetic Characteristics and Clinical Gut Inflammatory Biomarkers

The combined analysis of microbiome, immunological parameters and host genetics in patients has potential for applying personalized approaches of prevention, diagnostics or therapy in the future. However, the acquisition and analysis of these patient characteristics in a scientifically sound, technically reliable, cost-effective, practicable and future-oriented fashion are a far from trivial task. Therefore the objectives of the study are (i) to optimize a sample and data acqui...

Effectiveness of GABA Agonists in Reducing the Reinforcing Effects of Cocaine

Cocaine abuse continues to represent a significant public-health concern. Cocaine likely creates its addictive effects by increasing levels of dopamine, a chemical found in the brain. GABA agonists are chemicals that have the opposite effect of cocaine by inhibiting the release of dopamine. The purpose of this study is to determine whether GABA agonists reduce the psychological and physiological reinforcing effects of cocaine.

Cannabinoid Control of Fear Extinction Neural Circuits in Humans

The goal of the current proposal is to investigate the effects of a cannabinoid drug on the memory of extinguished fear in humans and the brain circuitry important for the recall of extinction learning. Our findings will translate previous discoveries from animal studies to humans and increase our understanding of the neurobiological mechanisms supporting retention of extinction memory. This proof-of-concept study is a critical translational first step towards the development o...

Probing the Cannabinoid System in Individuals With a Family History of Psychosis

The overall purpose of this study is to determine whether a family history of psychosis is associated with an altered cannabinoid system. This will be tested by studying individuals with and without a family history of psychosis and comparing their responses to delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), a probe of the cannabinoid system. We hypothesize, that compared to controls with no family history of psychoses, individuals with a family history of psychoses will have an altered re...

CCK1R Function in Patient Leukocytes

The type 1 cholecystokinin receptor (CCK1R) is a potential target for the treatment of obesity, due to the ability of this GI hormone to elicit satiety. However, this receptor has been shown to be sensitive to the cholesterol content of the membrane in which it is expressed. Because some patients who might be candidates for the use of CCK agonists to treat their obesity and co-morbidities, the goal of this study is to determine how metabolic abnormalities might affect the respo...

Rate of Prolonged Response After Stopping Thrombopoietin-receptor Agonists Treatment in ITP

Thrombopoietin-receptor agonists (Tpo-RAs) have profoundly changed the management of ITP. However, today, there are no international recommendations concerning the long-term use of these costly, potentially pro-thrombotic agents, and that could induce bone marrow fibrosis in case of prolonged treatment. Tpo-RAs have been thought to play only a supporting role in ITP management. But our center along with many other research centers, have reported unexpected cases of durable remi...

Hypoglycemia Associated Autonomic Failure in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

The purpose of this study is to determine what corticosteroid receptor (and the dose of) is responsible for cortisol inducing hypoglycemia associated autonomic dysfunction in Type 1 DM. Specifically, we aim to determine whether stimulating the type 1 corticosteroid receptor (via fludrocortisone), the type 2 corticosteroid receptor (via dexamethasone), or both causes hypoglycemia associated autonomic dysfunction in Type 1 DM.

Protease Activated Receptor-2 and Gastrointestinal Dysfunction in Critical Illness

Gastrointestinal (GI) dysfunction affects up to 50% of medical and surgical critically ill children. GI dysfunction, specifically gastric dysmotility and loss of epithelial barrier integrity, is associated with significant morbidity in critical illness. The mechanisms underlying GI dysfunction in critical illness are not well understood. GI dysfunction in surgery and critical illness has been associated with inflammation. There is evidence to suggest the protease-activated rece...

A Placebo- and Active Controlled Study of Preladenant in Subjects With Moderate to Severe Parkinson's Disease (Study P04938 AM2)

When a patient with Parkinson disease (PD) is initially treated with L dopa or dopamine agonists, the symptoms of PD improve or disappear. After several years of taking L dopa or dopamine agonists, patients notice that their PD medications wear off sooner than when they first started taking them. This "wearing off" is characterized by the return of symptoms (ie, tremor, slowness, and rigidity) and may occur over the course of a few minutes to an hour. When a patient's PD sym...

Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonists in Type 2 Diabetes

The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of selective blocking of the mineralocorticoid receptor in patients with type 2 diabetes on insulin resistance, lipid metabolism and myocardial function.

Prevention of Delirium Among Elderly Patients With Hip Fractures

Objective: To evaluate the effect of care bundle on prevention of delirium among elderly patients with hip fractures. Methods: A prospective randomized case control study was performed for 80 patients (≥65 years) with hip fractures treated surgically according to their ages and the type of fractures from March 1th of 2017 to June 30th of 2017.There were 11 males and 69 females, with the age of (79.3±7.84) years. Confusion assessment method (CAM) was applied to diagnose ...

Genes Polymorphisms and Metabolic Effects of the Second Generation Antipsychotic Drugs in Patients With Schizophrenia

The purpose of the study is to investigate these effects of Second-Generation Antipsychotic (SGAs) on glucose and lipid metabolic parameters in patients with schizophrenia, and explore the relationship between genes polymorphisms (such as drug metabolic enzyme, Endogenous Cannabinoid Receptor Type 1(CB1) and so on) and the SGAs-induced glucose and lipid metabolic disorder in Chinese Han persons with schizophrenia who are taking one of the SGAs(olanzapine, risperidone or ziprasi...

Imaging Cannabinoid CB1 Receptors in Schizophrenia

Background: - The CB1 receptor is a protein in the brain that is targeted by the active ingredients in cannabis (marijuana). Brain systems that react to cannabis may be involved in the causes and symptoms of schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. For instance, research studies have shown that the number of CB1 receptors may be different in people with schizophrenia, and there may be differences in the receptors themselves. Researchers are interested in using positro...

Effects of Agonists of Glucagon Like Peptide - 1 Receptors (GLP-1R) on Arterial Stiffness, Endothelial Glycocalyx and Coronary Flow Reserve in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease and Patients With Diabetes Mellitus

Arterial stiffness is associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Moreover, the integrity of endothelial glycocalyx plays a vital role in vascular permeability, inflammation and elasticity. Agonists of Glucagon like peptide - 1 receptors (GLP-1R) used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus type 2. This category includes exenatide and liraglutide. These drugs lower glucose levels by inhibiting the secretion of glucagon, promoting the release of insulin in response ...

Cannabinoid Supplementation on Vascular and Cognitive Function

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a bioactive cannabinoid compound in marijuana (cannabis sativa), but unlike Δ9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), lacks the psychoactivity effect of THC. Available evidence suggests that there are marked therapeutic CBD effects for diverse disease processes including inflammation, cancers, psychosis, and epileptic seizures. The purpose of this study, in both younger and older healthy humans, is to improve our understanding of how CBD might control and regulate bl...

GIP/GLP-1 Co-Activity in Subjects With Overweight and Type 2 Diabetes: Lowering of Food Intake

The primary aim of the study is to evaluate how GIP receptor activation influence food intake and mechanisms regulating food intake in obese individuals with type 2 diabetes that are in steady treatment with metformin and a GLP-1 receptor agonist.

Magnesium Sulfate Versus Ipratropuim Bromide in Acute Exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Treatment with short acting β2 agonists for exacerbations of COPD results in clinical improvement. It has not been established whether combining short acting β2 agonists to other bronchodilators is more effective than β2 agonists alone. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of combination of SABA and MgSO4 in comparison to SABA and ipratropium bromide (IB) in patients attending the emergency department for AECOPD.

Postoperative Pain and Angiotensin II Receptor Antagonists

An angiotensin II type 2 receptor (AT2R) antagonist has been assessed for its efficacy in neuropathic pain with promising results. A considerable number of patients undergoing surgery under general anesthesia are hypertensive and receive drugs to control high blood pressure, including angiotensin II receptor antagonists. These drugs may attenuate the acute and/or chronic postoperative pain or decrease the analgesic requirements after surgery. The aim of the present study is to ...

Imaging Cannabinoid CB1 Receptors in Alcohol Dependence

The cannabinoid type 1 (CB1) receptor is a protein found in the brain that is involved with the effects of marijuana; it may also play a role in the effects of alcohol dependence and withdrawal. Earlier animal studies have shown that although long-term alcohol use decreases the number of CB1 receptors in the brain, the number returns to normal after alcohol use stops. This study will use positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans to trace a ra...

A Study to Evaluate the Abuse Potential of Oxymorphone Compared to Other Mu Opioid Agonists.

Significant public health concerns have arisen from the intravenous misuse of oxymorphone, a potent mu opioid pain medication. However, little is known about its abuse potential relative to other mu opioid analgesics. The present study is designed to examine the abuse liability of intravenous oxymorphone compared to other mu opioid agonists (oxycodone, morphine, and hydromorphone) among physically dependent opioid abusers. This inpatient study examines the reinforcing effects o...

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