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We list hundreds of Clinical Trials about "Carotid B-Mode Ultrasound Study to Compare Anti-Atherosclerotic Effect of Torcetrapib/Atorvastatin to Atorvastatin." on BioPortfolio. We draw our references from global clinical trials data listed on ClinicalTrials.gov and refresh our database daily.
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The Torcetrapib project was terminated on December 2, 2006 due to safety findings. To look at ultrasound images taken in the carotid arteries and to look at various lipids in the blood of people with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia
The Torcetrapib project was terminated on December 2, 2006 due to safety findings. To look at ultrasound images taken in the carotid arteries and to look at various lipids in the blood of people with mixed hyperlipidemia
To use carotid ultrasound to screen 20-30 patients with longstanding or resistant hypertension for carotid atherosclerotic disease and bifurcation anatomy. This will establish a screening protocol for Cibiem's eventual endovascular carotid body modulation trial and will give insight into the prevalence and specific location of carotid plaque at the bifurcation in this patient population.
Background: During the first half of the 20th century, scalp irradiation was a standard treatment for induction of epilation in children suffering from Tinea Capitis. These children are now more than 50 years old and the aim was to investigate the possible association between their childhood low dose irradiation exposure and development of carotid atherosclerotic disease in adulthood. Methods: The study included 145 individuals treated by irradiation in their childhood, and ...
Background: Atherosclerotic carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) may be associated with alterations in the sensitivity of carotid and subclavian baroreceptors. Aim: The aim of this study is to investigate if carotid IMT is associated with changes in the autonomic modulation of the heart rate variability (HRV). Methods: This is a prospective cross-sectional study. The carotid IMT is determined by B-mode and duplex ultrasonography. The cardiovagal function was determined throug...
Atherosclerosis is the most common cause of stroke. The aims of the project are to compare the visual and digital analysis of sonographic images of atherosclerotic plaque in carotids in vivo, in vitro and with a histological composition of the plaque obtained from patients indicated to carotid endarterectomy, to compare the characteristics of symptomatic and asymptomatic atherosclerotic plaques and, subsequently to verify a hypothesis that ultrasound can identify the sonographi...
This observational study looks at Carotid Stenosis in two groups of subjects using a non-invasive procedure, B-mode ultrasound. One group of subjects has had long-term intensive lipid altering therapy (lowering LDL-C plus raising HDL-C). The second group of patients has been on conventional "standard of care" treatment for carotid stenosis. The study will look at the Carotid Intima-media Thickness (CMIT) in both groups. Hypothesis: CIMT will differ between the two gro...
This minimal risk protocol is designed to assess the reproducibility of B-mode ultrasound measurements of carotid intima media thickness (IMT) when the scans are performed in CC Radiology and read using a computerized edge reader. Up to 20 volunteers will have two ultrasounds performed within a 6-month period. IMT thickness is used as a surrogate marker for atherosclerosis and may be of value in clinical trials.
This is a Phase II, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of the effect of VIA-2291 on atherosclerotic vascular inflammation in patients with carotid stenosis scheduled for elective carotid endarterectomy
BACKGROUND: In 30-40% the cause of ischemic stroke remains undetermined. Most likely, this category hides an additional number of strokes caused by artery-to-artery embolisms due to unidentified atherosclerotic disease, or caused by cardioembolism. Both types are associated with a high risk of recurrent ischemic events and multiple cerebral infarctions. Large-artery atherosclerosis of the brain-supplying arteries is the assumed underlying cause in 10 to 15% of ischemic stroke,...
This proposed follow-up study aims to recruit participants from the original BioImage cohort for a one-time follow-up examination. The repeat ultrasound scan of the carotid arteries will provide information on the natural history of carotid atherosclerosis and factors that contribute to plaque progression. Renewal of the HIPAA authorization will also be sought for 5 years to continue to monitor claims and other information for major cardiovascular events, other outcomes and hea...
First, to establish a comparison of the pathophysiology of carotid atherosclerosis and the genetic and environmental variables that cause those plaques to become symptomatic. Second, to differentiate between vulnerable plaque and other types of plaque using ultrasound elastography, MRI data, trans-cranial doppler along with RF analysis of back-scattered ultrasonic echoes.
The aim of the present study is to examine the atherosclerotic plaque stability using in vivo and in vitro techniques and to investigate the influence of exercise, anti-diabetic, lipid-lowering and cannabinoids receptor antagonists on atherosclerotic plaque texture in patients with cardiovascular risk and animals prone to atherosclerosis.
Clinical study single center, prospective, randomized, controlled (vs. no supplement), open-label, blinded assessor (the doctor who will perform the Doppler ultrasound at 6 and 12 months will not know the treatment given to the patient, because the diagnostic test in question is considered operator-dependent), a "parallel group", which aims is evaluate the reduction in the level of calcium in the carotid artery and the carotid atherosclerotic plaques, on a sample of 60 subjects...
In the present study, the investigators sought to prospectively examine the associations of plasma levels of TMAO, choline, betaine, dimethylglycine, and sarcosine with risk of incident carotid artery plaque, assessed by repeated B-mode carotid artery ultrasound imaging over a 7-year period, in women and men with and without HIV infection from the WIHS and MACS.
Patients with a moderate to severe carotid atherosclerotic plaque are at risk for stroke and this risk increases with increasing degree of stenosis. It has been shown that carotid endarterectomy in symptomatic patients with a carotid artery stenosis of 70-99% is highly beneficial. However, the beneficial effect of surgery in patients with symptomatic 30-69% stenosis is not clear yet.A clear beneficial effect of surgery in the 30-69% stenosis group might be found in a sub-group ...
Atherosclerosis is a disease in which the blood vessels become blocked by plaques (consisting of fat, calcification, and fibrous tissue), reducing blood flow to vital organs and tissues.Blockage of the carotid arteries in the neck is a major cause of stroke. One way of treating carotid atherosclerosis is with cholesterol-lowering drugs called statins. Statins have been shown to reduce the risk of coronary heart disease by 24-40% and risk pf stroke by 11-30%.The purpose of thi...
Cerebrovascular disease is a leading cause of death and the leading cause of serious long-term disability. Carotid artery stenting (CAS) and carotid endarterectomy (CEA) are alternative strategies for stroke prevention in patients with atherosclerotic carotid disease.The safety and efficacy of CAS compared to CEA still remains questioned, and CEA has been considered to the first-line treatment of carotid stenosis in worldwide. The purpose of this study is to compare the practic...
The researchers are trying to determine if the characterization of "vulnerable" carotid artery plaques can be accomplished with ultrasound-based methods that look for vessels in the plaque and measure the plaque stiffness.
The study is being conducted to demonstrate the non-inferiority of carotid artery stenting (CAS) using the Emboshield® Embolic Protection System and Emboshield® Pro Embolic Protection System with the Xact® Carotid Stent System to carotid endarterectomy (CEA) for the treatment of asymptomatic extracranial carotid atherosclerotic disease.
The 'Long-term Follow-up Near-infrared Spectroscopy and Intravascular Ultrasound Imaging of Internal Carotid Artery Stenosis Treated With Stenting' trial is an academic research project. It follows already published results of a research on carotid plaque composition in patients undergoing carotid stenting. Patients who were treated with carotid stenting will be invited to participate on the trial. The written informed consent will be needed. The participants will undergo caro...
To determine whether warfarin or lovastatin alone or in combination retarded the progression of atherosclerotic plaques in the carotid arteries of high risk individuals with asymptomatic carotid stenosis. Also, to determine if a full scale trial was feasible.
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Intraplaque neovascularization is one of the most important risk factors for unstable carotid plaque. This study was designed to evaluate whether carotid intraplaque neovascularization (IPN) can be accurately assessed by contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS). METHODS: Preoperative CEUS analysis of 50 carotid artery stenosis patients would be compared to histopathology performed on their plaques excised by carotid endarterectomy (CEA) with CD34 and MMP...
The investigators hypothesized that circulating endothelium-derived microparticle (EMP) may be a useful surrogate marker of atherosclerosis and future episode of cerebrovascular events. Peripheral blood is drawn at the time of carotid ultrasound examination. Circulating EMPs are counted using flow-cytometry. The correlation among circulating EMP, ultrasound findings, and atherosclerotic risk factors are determined by multiple stepwise regression analysis. The prevalence of cere...
Sonodynamic therapy (SDT) is a new treatment for carotid atherosclerotic plaque. The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness and safety of this technique.