Clinical Trials About "Diet/Growth Factor Mechanisms Of Gut Adaptation" RSS

10:19 EST 22nd January 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Diet Growth Factor Mechanisms Adaptation" Clinical Trials 1–25 of 14,000+

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Diet/Growth Factor Mechanisms of Gut Adaptation

This is a double-blind randomized controlled study on the clinical and metabolic effects and underlying gut mucosal mechanisms of modified diet, with or without recombinant human growth hormone, in adults with severe short bowel syndrome dependent upon parenteral nutrition. Clinical endpoints include ability to wean patients from parenteral feeding, metabolic endpoints include gut nutrient absorptive function and molecular endpoints include expression of growth factors and nutr...


Effect of a High Protein Diet on the 24-hour Profile of Ghrelin, GH (Growth Hormone) and IGF-1 (Insulin-like Growth Factor-1)

In this study we will test the hypothesis that an increase in protein content of the diet will result in an increase in the 24-hour integrated circulating growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) concentrations and an increase in lean body mass in people with untreated type 2 diabetes.

Mechanisms of the Effect of Physical Activity on the Adaptation to a High-Fat Diet

The study is designed to determine the effect of high physical activity level vs. low physical activity level on the adaptation to a high fat diet.

Fish and Marine Fatty Acids, Genetic Signatures of Diet Adaptation, and Long-term Weight Changes

the investigators tested whether genetic variants near FADS cluster, which were recently identified to be signatures of adaptation to fish- and n-3 PUFAs-rich diet, interacted with these dietary factors on long-term change of body mass index (BMI).

"ADAPT" The Adaptation to High Fat Diets Extention

This study is designed to predict weight gain overtime after a high fat diet.

Growth Factor/Insulin-like Growth Factor (GH/IGF)-1 Axis in Obese Subjects in Treatment With Orlistat

The beneficial effects on plasma lipids of Orlistat, a selective gastrointestinal lipase inhibitor, are largely independent of weight loss, and might include differential effects plasma non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA). Apart from their well-known effects on insulin resistance pathogenesis, elevated NEFA levels probably play also the most important role at peripheral levels in the pathogenesis of Growth Hormone (GH) insufficiency in obesity. Aim of this observational, mono-cent...

Prevention of Acute Kidney Injury - Molecular Mechanisms of Dietary Pre-conditioning in Human

The key objective of this pilot study is to assess the molecular mechanisms of renal pre-conditioning by a one-week low-calorie diet in humans. The protective effect of the low-calorie diet in donor on transplant qualities and functions in receptor will also be investigated. Analysis of transcriptome, lipidome, metabolome, epigenome, proteome und phosphoproteome through tissue samples as well as blood samples for comparison of low-calorie diet and no-diet groups.

"New Perspectives of Adaptation to NIV in ALS"

The purpose of this study is to demonstrate that the adaptation to the Non Invasive Ventilation (NIV) at home is not worse when compared with an adaptation performed in inpatient settings.

Different Regulation of Immune Cells in Patients With Preeclampsia

Adaptation of the maternal immune system to accommodate the semi-allogeneic fetus is necessary for pregnancy success. Dysregulation of this immune adaptation is implicated in reproductive disorders as infertility, recurrent miscarriage, fetal growth restriction, and preeclampsia. The mechanisms being responsible for fetal tolerance are not known. Several T cell subsets have been implicated in fetal tolerance. The effects of preeclampsia on memory cells are not known. The main o...

Fibroblast Growth Factor-1 (FGF-1) for the Treatment of Coronary Heart Disease

Treatment for no-option heart patients with coronary artery disease. Procedure includes the injection into the heart of a protein growth factor, administered by the Cordis Corp. MyoStar injection catheter, to stimulate the growth of blood vessels around blocked coronary arteries.

X-linked Hypophosphatemia and FGF21

Fibroblast Growth Factor 23 and Fibroblast Growth Factor 21 are two endocrine Fibroblast Growth Factors, requiring Klotho as a co-factor to promote their systemic actions. Fibroblast Growth Factor 21 is involved in the regulation of glucid and lipid metabolism. Fibroblast Growth Factor 21 Knock Out mice display obesity and hyperglycemia. In investigators experience, patients with X-linked hypophosphatemia often present with early-onset over-weight that could be partly explaine...

Genetic Study of Insulin-Like Growth Factor-I Receptor Mutations in Patients With Intrauterine Growth Retardation

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine if mutations in the gene encoding the insulin-like growth factor-I receptor lead to relative insulin-like growth factor-I insensitivity and produce intrauterine growth retardation in children.

Low-Phosphate Diet and Fibroblast Growth Factor-23 Level

The aims of the study are to evaluate the effect of low-phosphate diet on FGF23 level and to determine the optimal amount of dietary phosphate restriction in hemodialysis patients. In particular, the investigators will assess the effect of pre-specified low-phosphate diets with two different phosphate amounts, 600 mg/day and 800 mg/day, on the changes of FGF23 level.

Prepubertal Children With Growth Failure Associated With Primary Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1 (IGF-1) Deficiency

This study is intended to determine whether twice daily weight based dosing with recombinant human insulin-like growth factor (rhIGF-1) will safely and effectively increase the growth of prepubertal children with short stature associated with low IGF-1 levels but who produce sufficient growth hormone (GH). Subjects will be randomized to either an observation arm or to active treatment.

Dietary Lipid Induced Insulin Resistance

The overall goal of the proposal is to use a saturated fatty acid (SFA)- enriched, high fat diet to rapidly induce insulin resistance (IR) to provide insight into underlying proximal mechanisms of reduced insulin signaling. Specifically, investigators will identify the initial changes in metabolite concentrations/or pathway signaling ("pathways" will be used to broadly refer to these mechanism specific measures) and therefore the mechanisms most likely responsible for the devel...

Opioid Growth Factor in Treating Patients With Advanced Pancreatic Cancer That Cannot Be Removed By Surgery

RATIONALE: Opioid growth factor may stop the growth of pancreatic cancer by blocking blood flow to the tumor. PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well opioid growth factor works in treating patients with advanced pancreatic cancer that cannot be removed by surgery.

Research Study Using Recombinant Human Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1/Recombinant Human Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein-3 for Children With Noonan Syndrome

The trial will investigate the treatment of growth failure in children with Noonan syndrome. Abnormalities in the growth hormone (GH) – insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) axis resulting in low IGF-I levels have been suggested as a possible cause of short stature seen in Noonan syndrome children. Administration of our investigational product is intended to bypass the abnormalities in the GH-IGF axis, and hopefully improve body growth.

Nintedanib in Patients With Advanced Esophagogastric Cancer

This is a phase II study of Nintedanib in patients with metastatic or recurrent esophagogastric cancer. The goal of the study is to evaluate the efficacy of Nintedanib, an orally available triple kinase inhibitor targeting the receptors of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), platelet derived growth factor (PDGF), and fibroblast growth factor (FGF) receptor pathways.

Cortical Neuroplasticity by Muscle Pain of Pain-induced Plasticity

The purpose of this study is to investigate the sensory-motor cortical excitability response to delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) on Extensor Carpi Radialis (ECR) muscle during muscle hyperalgesia provoked by nerve growth factor (NGF).

Anlotinib Versus Docetaxel as the Second-line Treatment in EGFR Wild Type Patients With Advanced NSCLC

This study is conducted to explore the safety and efficacy of anlotinib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitors of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor 2(VEGFR)、FGFR(Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor), Platelet-derived growth factor Receptor(PDGFR) and c-kit, vs docetaxel in advanced Non-squamous Non-small cell lung cancer harbouring wild-type epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) .

MRI Study of Saccadic Adaptation

Accurate execution of our directed behaviors in the immediate environment allows the vast majority of our daily activities. Through the movements of our eyes and different parts of our body, we perceive, explore and act on our environment and can exchange and communicate with others. The mechanisms of sensorimotor adaptation of saccades (saccadic adaptation) contribute on the one hand to maintain the accuracy of saccades in the short, medium and long term, by opposing the delet...

Insulin-like Growth Factor-1 (IGF-1) in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) Trial

The purpose of this multicenter study is to determine if insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-I) slows the progressive weakness in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients. Study participants will be followed for 2 years once enrolled. They will receive either placebo or the active IGF-I. Examinations will take place at approximately 6-month intervals.

Adaptation and Validation of a Nutrition Literacy Assessment Instrument

The purpose of this study is to develop a tool to help researchers better understand what diet information people know and what skills they use to make diet choices.

Status of Growth Hormone/ Insulin-like Growth Factor-1 (GH/IGF-1) Axis and Growth Failure in Ataxia Telangiectasia (AT)

This study will evaluate the status of the growth hormone/ insulin-like growth factor-1 (GH/IGF-1) axis in relation to growth failure, body weight and composition and neuroprotection in children with Ataxia telangiectasia (AT).

Preventing Hypertension and Sympathetic Overactivation by Targeting Phosphate

An increasing number of studies have indicated that most fast food and common grocery items, contain large amount of inorganic phosphate-based food additives , which are highly absorbable. The long-term cardiovascular consequences of a high phosphate diet are unknown but the existing database implicates phosphate excess as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular events in individuals with and without chronic kidney diseases (CKD). High phosphate consumption clearly induce...

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