Clinical Trials About "Discovery Predicts Patient Sensitivity Important Drug Target Deadly" RSS

19:33 EDT 19th October 2017 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Discovery Predicts Patient Sensitivity Important Drug Target Deadly" Clinical Trials 1–25 of 19,000+


Exploratory Study of Drug Sensitivity Prediction Software (IRCR-DReSS) With Patient-derived Tumor Cells of Metastatic Gastric Cancer

1. Metastatic gastric cancer patients who failed standard treatment will be enrolled in this study. 2. After consent form, patient-derived cancer cell will be collected and tested with 3 kinds of drugs (sunitinib, gefitinib, imatinib). 3. Drug sensitivity prediction software (IRCR-DReSS) will present level of sensitivity and patients will be treated with sensitive drugs. 4. Patients will be evaluated every 6 weeks.

Discovery Elbow Multi-Center Prospective Study

The purpose of this prospective clinical trial is to document the performance and clinical outcomes of Biomet Discovery Elbow.

Testing the Use of Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Approved Drugs That Target a Specific Abnormality in a Tumor Gene in People With Advanced Stage Cancer

The purpose of the study is to learn from the real world practice of prescribing targeted therapies to patients with advanced cancer whose tumor harbors a genomic variant known to be a drug target or to predict sensitivity to a drug.

Building a Database of Results From People Without Eye Problems

The purpose of this study is to build a database of results from a new test that measures contrast sensitivity (the Spaeth-Richman Contrast Sensitivity Test (SPARCS)). Contrast sensitivity is an important part of your ability to see. When contrast sensitivity decreases, you are less able to see objects and detect motion. For instance, if you have decreased contrast sensitivity, you might be less able to read, see in the dark, drive, hit a ball, or walk safely. Decrease in contr...

Evaluate the Analgesic Efficacy and Safety of VVZ-149 Injection for Post-operative Pain

VVZ-149 is a novel analgesic drug candidate that shows a potential analgesic activity inhibiting GlyT2 and 5HT2A simultaneously. These target receptors have been known to play important roles in induction and transmission of pain signals. There have been many efforts to develop selective drugs to treat pain, but usually unsuccessful due to the lack of efficacy or limitations of single-target approach for new drug discovery. VVZ-149 is expected to be a dual-target drug, demonstr...

Standard of Care Versus Urine Testing With Selective PHarmacogenomics for Effective Drug and Dosing REgimens

The purpose of this study is to determine whether the addition of selective pharmacogenomic (PGx) testing as determined by Urine Drug Testing (UDT) adds a clinical benefit as evidenced by a reduction in Target Drug-related Adverse Events (TDRAE) over the period following enrollment.

A Prospective Evaluation of Contrast Sensitivity and Disability Glare in Refractive Surgery, a Sub-Study of: Initial Evaluation of Excimer Laser Keratorefractive Surgery in U.S. Army Personnel (WU # 2335-99)

The purpose of this study is to conduct a prospective assessment of small target contrast sensitivity and disability glare in refractive surgery. Study subjects will undergo the treatment of their choice (PRK or LASIK) and will be evaluated before and after treatment. Evaluations will include best corrected visual acuity, uncorrected visual acuity, psychometric questionnaire, pupil size, biomicroscopic examination, manifest refraction, wavefront measurements, low contrast acui...

Predictive Value of Drug Sensitivity Testing Tumorspheres From Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

The purpose of the present study is to investigate the benefit of anti-cancer therapy administered on the basis of drug sensitivity testing. This concerns colorectal cancer patients who have previously received standard treatment.

Effect of Dietary Polyphenols on Insulin Sensitivity

A large and growing segment of the population is prediabetic. Dietary interventions that improve insulin sensitivity may be important in preventing the progression to full-blown diabetes in these individuals. Foods and dietary compounds that increase insulin sensitivity are likely to help maintain a healthier body composition. This pilot study will provide data to evaluate the role of dietary plant polyphenols in improving insulin sensitivity.

Tailored PCA Based on Preoperative Pain Sensitivity

Opioids via intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV PCA) are widely used for postoperative pain control. However, effective pain control with minimized side effects of analgesic agents is still challenging. Several studies reported that preoperative pain sensitivity measured by quantitative sensory test could predict postoperative pain. Therefore, the investigators planned this trial to evaluate the effectiveness of tailored patient-controlled analgesia based on preoperati...

YMCA Exercise Intervention for Smoking Cessation Study

Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of death and disability in the United States. Although smoking has declined since 1964, it is still very common among some groups of people. One such group is persons with emotional symptoms and disorders. There has been little success in developing treatments for smoking cessation for smokers with affective disturbances. Recent work suggests that being sensitive to, and less tolerant of, stress is associated with many problems in d...

A Clinical Investigation of the Discovery™ Elbow System

The purpose of this study is to perform a five-year, multi-center prospective evaluation of the Discovery™ Elbow System for outcome and durability. Relief of pain and restoration of function will determine long-term clinical outcome while durability will be measured by the absence of revisions.

Integrated Molecular Profiling in Advanced Cancers Trial

Substantial progress has been made in the treatment of cancer through the use of targeted therapies, but what works for one patient might not work for another patient. Certain drugs are now being developed that target specific molecules in the body that are believed to be part of the disease. Biomarkers are specific characteristics of the cancer that may help provide prognostic information (i.e. how well patients will be regardless of the treatments given) or help predi...

The Study of Bacteriology and Pathogen Drug Sensitivity of Chronic Dacryocystitis

An observational study was designed to research the bacteriology and pathogen drug sensitivity of chronic dacryocystitis in China and optimize antibiotic therapy.

Efficacy and Safety of Imatinib in Scleroderma

In vitro studies have shown that imatinib 1mM inhibits strongly the growth of cutaneous fibroblasts. The hypothesis is that imatinib inhibits PDGFR which is known to be a potential target for the molecule, as recently also proposed after the discovery of autoantibodies activating the PDGF receptors. Recent data indicate that TGFb is also a potential target of imatinib. Cutaneous scleroderma is characterized by progressive cutaneous fibrosis caused by hyperactive dermal fibrobla...

Intra-patient Study With Polymer Free Drug Eluting Stent Versus Abluminal Biodegradable Polymer Drug Eluting Stent With Early OCT (Optical Coherence Tomography) Follow up

The objective of the study is to evaluate the process of early re-endothelialization of the Coroflex® ISAR Drug-eluting stent compared with the Ultimaster® Drug-eluting stent

Genetic Biomarkers of Executive Stress

The purpose of this study is to examine whether stress predicts telomere length in individuals who hold executive-level positions. Telomeres are the caps at the end of each strand of DNA that may affect how cells age. Subjects will complete an online survey/interview and provide one blood sample or saliva samples. Our goal is to understand whether stress predicts genetic markers of longevity.

Blood/Urine Markers for Drug Discovery for Renal Disease in Diabetes

Diabetic nephropathy (kidney problems caused by diabetes) is a devastating chronic vascular complication of diabetes. New treatments are urgently needed for preventing or slowing down the progression of diabetic kidney disease. Samples of serum/plasma/urine will be obtained from patients with diabetes and different degree of renal impairment. In this project cells in culture will be treated with plasma or serum or urine; cells extracts or supernatant will be studied to screen ...

Nasal Irritation Study: Individual Factors in Nasal Irritant Sensitivity

This study seeks to document differences in nasal irritant sensitivity within the population. The investigators are interested in knowing whether age, gender, and allergy status (nasal allergies) predict nasal irritant sensitivity. This is important in understanding symptom reporting patterns in air pollution situations (particularly in so-called "problem buildings"), as well as in understanding the reflex mechanism of a response of the nose to irritants (e.g., nasal congesti...

Target-controlled Infusion Versus Patient-controlled Sedation With Propofol in Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)

Propofol is a drug of choice for deep sedation in endoscopy. Propofol can be administered in many ways: by infusion or intravenous boluses and with self-administration device (patient-controlled sedation; PCS). It is not clear which method of propofol administration would be preferable. The main objective of the trial is to compare 2 different methods of propofol administration during ERCP: patient-controlled administration(PCS) and target-controlled infusion (TCI).

Using Drug Levels and Drug Resistance Testing to Select Effective Anti-HIV Drug Combinations in Patients With Drug-resistant HIV

Because people infected with HIV strains that are resistant to anti-HIV drugs have fewer effective treatment options, selecting an effective anti-HIV drug combination is difficult. A combination of protease inhibitors (PIs), when added to a patient's current anti-HIV therapy, may decrease viral load and increase drug activity. Tests that measure drug levels in the blood and tests to evaluate the drug resistance of HIV may also be helpful in choosing the best anti-HIV drug comb...

EMD 525797 in Colorectal & Ovarian Cancer Patients With Liver Metastases

This study is intended to test an experimental drug called EMD 525797 (Study Drug). This drug is not yet approved for sale and has only been tested in a small number of people to date (prior to this study starting another research study was carried out involving 37 healthy volunteers receiving the Study Drug). Until more is known about this Study Drug, it can only be used in research studies. This research study is planned to answer important questions about how the Study Drug...

High Throughput Drug Sensitivity Assay and Genomics- Guided Treatment of Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Acute Leukemia

This clinical trial studies the feasibility of choosing treatment based on a high throughput ex vivo drug sensitivity assay in combination with mutation analysis for patients with acute leukemia that has returned after a period of improvement or does not respond to treatment. A high throughput screening assay tests many different drugs individually or in combination that kill leukemia cells in tiny chambers at the same time. High throughput drug sensitivity assay and mutation a...

Diagnostic Imaging Study for the Melanoma Advanced Imaging Dermatoscope (mAID)

The purpose of this study is to calculate the sensitivity and specificity of a novel imaging device and associated software algorithm in detecting early stage melanoma versus nevi of the skin. The instrument, which was invented by the PI, for the purposes of this study, will be loaned to three external (to Rockefeller) institutions and used on patients who are scheduled for biopsy of pigmented lesions. The purpose of correlating the output screening result of the novel device...

High-sensitivity Troponin T in Acute Myocardial Infarction After Cardiac Valvular Surgery

A measurable degree of heart muscle tissue injury is expected in patients undergoing heart valvular surgery. The level of this injury can be measured by cardiac biomarkers in blood samples. Those biomarkers are used to diagnose an acute myocardial infarction. Postoperative myocardial infarction (MI) is a frequent and important complication after cardiac surgery with high morbidity and mortality. Therefore it is very important to recognize any cardiac event in patients who unde...

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