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We list hundreds of Clinical Trials about "Enhanced Lung Protective Ventilation With ECCO2R During ARDS" on BioPortfolio. We draw our references from global clinical trials data listed on ClinicalTrials.gov and refresh our database daily.
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This study evaluates the use of ultra-protective ventilation, where very low ventilation volumes are used, in patients with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) meeting criteria to nurse in the prone position. Half the patients will receive ultra-protective ventilation support by extracorporeal carbon dioxide removal, while the other half will receive conventional lung protective ventilation.
The objective of this crossover study and randomized controlled trial (RCT) is to compare ΔP levels during INTELLiVENT®-ASV with conventional lung protective ventilation in the acute and sub-acute phase of moderate or severe ARDS. A total of 48 adult patients admitted to intensive care units with moderate or severe ARDS will be included. In the acute phase patients will receive 4 hours of INTELLiVENT-ASV ventilation and 4 hours of conventional lung protective ventilation in ...
Early mechanical ventilation, if delivered with injurious settings, can lead to pulmonary complications, such as acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Mechanical ventilation in the emergency department (ED) has been studied infrequently when compared to the intensive care unit; however, data suggests that ED-based mechanical ventilation has significant room for improvement and may also be a causative factor in ARDS incidence.
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) is associated with a mortality rate of 30 - 45 % and required invasive mechanical ventilation (MV) in almost 85 % of patients. During controlled MV, driving pressure (i.e., the difference between end-inspiratory and end-expiratory airway pressure) depends of both tidal volume and respiratory system compliance. Either excessive tidal volume or reduced lung aeration may increase the driving pressure. ARDS patients receiving tidal volu...
A prospective, randomized study will be performed investigating the effects of a pumpless extracorporeal interventional lung assist [iLA] on the implementation of a lung-protective ventilatory strategy in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome [ARDS] with a PaO2/FiO2 ratio < 200. The duration of ventilation, intensive care and hospital stay and in-hospital mortality will be investigated.
This is a trial of a new way of treating patients with respiratory failure. The investigators propose to deliver a multi-centre clinical trial to determine whether veno-venous extracorporeal carbon dioxide removal (VV-ECCO2R) and lower tidal volume mechanical ventilation improves outcomes and is cost-effective, in comparison with standard care in patients who are mechanically ventilated for acute hypoxaemic respiratory failure
This is a quality improvement study with the purpose of observing and measuring the effects of implementation of a proven standardized lung protective ventilation protocol in the new electronic medical record system iCentra across all Intermountain Healthcare hospitals. Approximately 14,000 records will be accessed for this study from a database of mechanically ventilated patients established for quality improvement purposes. The investigators hypothesize that implementation o...
Respiratory complications range from 8% to 79% of the frequency after open heart surgery where the patient is on-pump operated by cardiopulmonary machine. There were many changes in physiology due to anesthesia and cardiac surgery which cause volume and barotrauma complications with mechanical ventilation. These complications increase cost by prolonging morbidity and morbidity as well as hospital stay. Intraoperative and postoperative mechanical ventilation strategies can preve...
The investigator will evaluate the influence of lung protective ventilation on postoperative clinical outcome in pediatric patients. The hypothesis is that application of low tidal volume, intermittent alveolar recruitment and adequate positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) would be more beneficial than conventional ventilation in children.
Acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS) is a severe lung condition that causes respiratory failure. Individuals with ALI/ARDS often require the use of a respirator or artificial breathing machine, known as a mechanical ventilator, while in an intensive care unit (ICU). Research has shown that lung protective ventilation (LPV), a type of mechanical ventilation technique, is an effective way to reduce the number of deaths due to ALI/ARDS. This study will ...
Postoperative pulmonary complications are main cause of overall perioperative morbidity and mortality in the patients following general anesthesia. A protective ventilation strategy refers to the use of low VT (in the range of 4-8 ml/kg of the predicted body weight) with positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP), with or without recruitment maneuver. Protective ventilation has been considered the optimal practice in patients suffering from the acute respiratory distress syndrome ...
The investigator will evaluate the influence of lung protective ventilation on postoperative clinical outcome in patients undergoing one-lung ventilation for pulmonary lobectomy.
This study is designed to test a proposed strategy for lung- and diaphragm-protective ventilation (LDPV) in patients with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure. Ventilation and sedation will be titrated to evaluate whether it is feasible and safe within this patient population.
30% of ARDS patients ventilated according to NIH protocol presents morphological (CT) and functional (Stress Index>1) conditions of hyperinflation even with Plateau pressure (Pplat) < 30 cmH2O; values of Pplat lower than 26 cmH2O were associated with more a condition of more protective ventilation. In patients at risk of hyperinflation, use of alternative techniques such as CO2-removal my allow the reduction of Tidal Volume (Vt) and Pplat.
Animal experimentals have shown that the more physiology-driven airway pressure release ventilation (APRV) methodologies in ARDS may significantly improve alveolar recruitment and gas exchange, increased homogeneity, and attenuate lung injury, without circulatory depression, as compared with conventional low tial volume lung protective ventilation. our previous single centre,random control study showed that clinical benefit for early use of APRV in ARDS. Nonetheless, clinical d...
Mechanical ventilation of patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery may induce lung injury. Since lung protective ventilation has been recommended during anesthesia to prevent ongoing lung injury, so in our study the investigators will compare three different lung protective strategies regarding their lung protective effect measured by the incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications, perioperative oxygenation and postoperative inflammatory mediator release.
This study evaluates the local cytokine inflammatory response during one lung ventilation in patients undergoing pulmonary lobectomy or wedge resection. We compare two different ventilation strategies: a conventional strategy with a protective strategy.
Based on recent two-center results (Eur Respir J. 2011 Sep 1. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 21885390) we hypothesized that intermittent High-frequency oscillation (HFO) combined with Recruitment Maneuvers (RMs) may beneficially affect the pathophysiology and survival of patients with moderate-to-severe Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). Design: Randomized Controlled Trial. Intervention: Briefly, the HFO-RMs strategy of the intervention (HFO-RMs) group will comprise RMs ...
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) still remains associated with a mortality rate of 30 - 45 % despite improvement in mechanical ventilation. Driving pressure, defined as the difference between the end-inspiratory and the end-expiratory airway pressure, appears as an important factor contributing to mortality in patients with the ARDS. In patients already receiving a conventional tidal volume of 6 ml/kg predicted body weight (PBW), a driving pressure ≥ 14 cmH2O increa...
This study is designed to exam the effects of early management with high frequency percussive ventilation (HFPV) on patients with lung injury. Patients at risk for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) will be enrolled and randomized to one of two groups. One group will be managed with HFPV. The second group will be managed with conventional ventilation utilizing lung protective techniques. The primary endpoint of the study is rate of ventilator associated pneumonia. W...
Acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS) is a severe lung condition that causes respiratory failure. Individuals with ALI/ARDS often require the use of a respirator or artificial breathing machine, known as a mechanical ventilator, while in an intensive care unit (ICU). Past research has shown that improved short-term clinical outcomes result from the use of a protective mechanical ventilation technique for the lungs. This study will evaluate the effects...
The purpose of this protocol is to compare standard of care lung protective ventilation settings with an automated ventilator setting, called Adaptive Support Ventilation (ASV), in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). This study will compare measurements (i.e. tidal volumes, driving pressure, respiratory rate (RR), compliance, peak airway pressures, plateau pressures, PEEP) with each ventilator technique, and will measure esophageal pressures to compare tra...
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) commonly complicates acute illness in ICU. This syndrome is associated with high morbidity and mortality. In management of ARDS patients, lung protective ventilation and prone ventilation are key strategies which have shown survival benefits in recent years. Prone positioning has been reported to have hemodynamic disturbances like hypotension and arrhythmias. The literature till date is unclear with regards to acute hemodynamic changes...
Lung Protective Ventilation strategy (LPV) with low tidal volume and adequate positive end-expiratory pressure is recommended for not only patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) but also those without ARDS too. From previous studies, adherence to LPV strategy reported is only 40% and data is limited in surgical patients. The investigators aim to describe ventilation management and find out the adherence rate to LPV strategy applied to surgical patients admitte...
Randomized study investigating the effects of lung protective ventilation (PEEP), as compared with normal ventilation (ZEEP) on lung function, treatment of the renal sodium and water, vasoactive hormones, biomarkers of nephrotoxicity, and the circulation of patients undergoing assisted robotic radical prostatectomy