Clinical Trials About "Event Review Exploring sociology mitochondrial donation" RSS

10:36 EST 19th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Event Review Exploring sociology mitochondrial donation" Clinical Trials 1–25 of 3,600+


The Paired Donation Consortium Paired Donation Program

The purpose of the protocol is to increase the number of living donor transplants by eliminating immune incompatibilities between donors and recipients through paired donation.

Insulin Sensitizers on Mitochondrial ATP Production and Mitochondrial ATP Production and Mitochondrial Protein Synthesis on Insulin Resistant Type 2 Diabetes and Obesity

An association between insulin resistance and mitochondrial dysfunction has been observed in aging, T2D, and in offspring of patients with T2D. It remains to be determined whether pharmacological agents that enhance insulin sensitivity improve muscle mitochondrial function. If these insulin sensitizers improve muscle mitochondrial functions, there are potential therapeutic opportunities to use these drugs to improve mitochondrial dysfunction such as sarcopenia of aging or obe...

Phase III Trial of Coenzyme Q10 in Mitochondrial Disease

Our central hypothesis is that oral CoQ10 is a safe and effective treatment for children with inborn errors of mitochondrial energy metabolism due to defects in specific respiratory chain (RC) complexes or mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations, and that this beneficial action is reflected in improved motor and neurobehavioral function and in quality of life.

In and ex Vivo Mitochondrial Function of the Heart

It has been suggested that mitochondrial dysfunction might play a role in the development of diabetic cardiomyopathy. From animal studies, it has been suggested that an altered PPAR and PGC1 expression is involved in the reduced cardiac mitochondrial function, however human data on cardiac mitochondrial function and PPAR regulation is scarce. The latter is due to the fact that there is no validated measurement for assessing cardiac mitochondrial function non-invasively in vivo....


Mitochondrial Diseases are rare, progressive, multi-system, often-early fatal disorders affecting both children and adults. KH176 is a novel chemical entity currently under development for the treatment of inherited mitochondrial diseases, including MELAS (Mitochondrial Encephalomyopathy, Lactic acidosis, and Stroke-like episodes), MIDD (Maternally Inherited Diabetes and Deafness), Leigh's Disease and LHON (Leber's Hereditary Optic Neuropathy). The current Proof of Concept stud...

Treatment of TK2 Deficiency With Thymidine and Deoxycytidine

Patients with confirmed mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome 2 (thymidine kinase 2 [TK2] deficiency) have reduced levels of nucleotides (deoxythymidine monophosphate and deoxycytidine monophosphate) for mitochondrial DNA synthesis. This results in mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome (i.e less number of functional mitochondrial DNA). Patients with confirmed TK2 deficiency will be treated with open label deoxythymidine (dThd) and deoxycytidine (dCyt), which are nucleotide precur...

The Effects of Exercise Versus Inactivity on People With Mitochondrial Muscle Disease

Mitochondrial myopathies include various inherited diseases that are caused by damage to the mitochondria, energy-producing structures that fuel the body's processes. The main symptoms are muscle weakness, reduced muscle mass, and difficulty with exercising. The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of exercise training versus inactivity on mitochondrial function in muscle and muscle performance in people with mitochondrial myopathies.

Mitochondrial-enriched Autologous CD34+ Cells for Non-inherited Mitochondrial Disorders

Mitochondrial diseases are a genetically heterogeneous group of disorders caused by mutations or deletions in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) displaying a wide range of severity and phenotypes. These diseases may be inherited from the mother (mitochondrial inheritance) or non-inherited. The latter are ultra-rare pediatric diseases caused by a mutation or deletion of mtDNA, which develop into a systemic multi organ disease and eventually death. MNV-BM-BLD is a therapeutic process for ...

Mitochondrial Function in Septic Patients

Aim #1 To investigate the prevalence, risk and correlation of the level of sepsis with mitochondrial dysfunction in sepsis patients Aim 1.1 To investigate the prevalence of mitochondria dysfunction among sepsis patients Aim 1.2 To investigate the risk associated with mitochondrial dysfunction in sepsis patients. Aim 1.3 To investigate the association between sepsis severity (SOFA scoring system) and the degree of mitochondrial dysfunction Aim #2 To investigate the association ...

Hyperglycemia and Mitochondrial Function in The Endothelium of Humans

In this study, the investigators will test the hypothesis that acute in vivo exposure to hyperglycemia increases mitochondrial network fragmentation and mitochondrial reactive oxygen species production (ROS) production in human arterial endothelial cells.

Organ Donation Interventions Among High Students

The number of persons actively waiting on the national solid organ waiting list continues to rise while the number donating organs has failed to keep pace. This is a particular problem for some portions of northeastern Ohio where the donation rate is as low as 32%. Adolescents are an important group for organ donation efforts as they have not yet applied for a driver's license and represent the majority of future donors. Yet many organ donation interventions have not targeted a...

Mitochondrial Cocktail for Gulf War Illness

The purpose of this study is to develop preliminary evidence, such as effect size and variance estimates, to guide successful conduct of a properly-powered clinical trial to assess the benefit of a mitochondrial cocktail plus individualized correction of citric acid cycle (CAC) intermediates and amino acid (AA) abnormalities as part of a mitochondrial/oxidative stress treatment approach in Gulf War Illness (GWI).

Association Between Mitochondrial DNA Content and Risk of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

Compelling epidemiological evidence indicates that alterations of mitochondrial DNA, including mutations and abnormal content of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), are associated with the initiation and development of chronic lymphoblastic leukemia (CLL).The aim of this study was to explore association between mtDNA content in peripheral blood cells could be used as a risk predictor for CLL.

Preventing Negative Reactions in First Time Blood Donors to Encourage Subsequent Blood Donations

Many individuals experience negative reactions when donating blood, including dizziness, lightheadedness, or fainting. Such reactions may discourage them from donating again. This study will evaluate the effectiveness of pre-donation water consumption and a muscle tensing exercise during donation to reduce negative reactions among new blood donors. This study will also evaluate whether reducing negative reactions increases the likelihood of donors returning to give blood in the...

Mitochondrial Genetics of Presbycusis

The main goal of this study is to identify mitochondrial mutations associated with presbycusis. Patients affected by severe presbycusis and normal hearing controls (according to ISO7029 norm) will be enrolled if satisfying inclusion criteria (aged from 40 to 80 years old) in existing biocollections in the University Hospital of Angers. After DNA extraction, the mitochondrial genome will be sequenced and data in silico analysed.

An Observational Study of Patients With Primary Mitochondrial Disease (SPIMM-300)

This is an observational study of patients with Primary Mitochondrial Disease with either signs or symptoms suggestive of myopathy. The Investigator will identify potential patients through existing medical records and one on-site visit.

Evaluation of Attitudes Towards Organ Donation in Individualistic or Collectivistic Countries

People make decisions every day, both for themselves and on behalf of others. In the case of organ donations, despite the opt-out systems used in Singapore where the default is a presumed consent on the part of the individual, the actualized donation rate is lower than expect. This is partially because family members are called in to make surrogate decisions on behalf of the patient, especially patients near brain death or have been certified to be brain dead. To address...

Calf Muscle Strength in Mitochondrial Diseases

Mitochondrial disorders are a group of inherited disorders causing malfunctional mitochondria. Mitochondria are found in every cell of the body, and the disorders therefore give symptoms from every tissue, especially those with high energy needs as the brain, heart and muscles. The disorders are highly disabling. The aim of the study is to investigate the relation between muscle strength and contractile cross sectional area (CCSA) in the leg of patients affected by mitochondri...

Diagnostic Screening Tests and Potential Biomarkers in Mitochondrial Myopathies

The purpose of this study is to develop simple diagnostic screeningtests and investigate potential biomarkers for identifying patients with abnormalities of mitochondrial function, which also can be used as outcome measures in future clinical trials. The study will investigate two submaximal tests: a submaximal handgrip test and a walking test. Furthermore investigators will investigate Acyl-carnitine profiles and GDF-15 levels in patients with mitochondrial myopathy.

National CounterACT Initiative

The purpose of the study is to determine in vitro effects on mitochondrial function of selected chemical agents in human cells, and assess the capability of a cell-permeable succinate prodrug to attenuate toxic effects The project aims at repurposing this recent pharmaceutical discovery, currently being developed for treatment of toxic exposure, for an expanded indication to treat chemically induced mitochondrial toxicity.

GDF-15 as a Biomarker for Mitochondrial Disease

Mitochondrial disorders are a group of inherited disorders causing malfunctional mitochondria. Mitochondria are found in every cell of the body, and the disorders therefore give symptoms from every tissue, especially those with high energy needs as the brain, heart and muscles. The symptoms are often unspecific in terms of muscle weakness and fatigue, which delays the first contact to the doctor and further delays the diagnosis. The aim of this study is to investigate if it is...

Pilot Compassionate Use Study of Thioctic Acid Treatment in Mitochondrial Myopathy

OBJECTIVES: I. Assess the efficacy of thioctic acid in treating a single patient with mitochondrial myopathy.

Skeletal Muscle and Platelet Mitochondrial Dysfunction During Sepsis

The primary aim of the study is to demonstrate that mitochondrial dysfunction occurs in both skeletal muscle and circulating platelets of severely septic and septic shock ICU-admitted patients. Secondary aims are to clarify the pathogenesis and the clinical relevance of mitochondrial damage during sepsis.

RG2133 (2',3',5'-Tri-O-Acetyluridine) in Mitochondrial Disease

The objective of the study is to determine the safety and tolerability of RG2133 in patients with Mitochondrial Disease.

Trial of Oral Glutamine on Mitochondrial Function in CKD

The primary goal of proposed investigation is to study the impact of oral glutamine supplementation on muscle mitochondrial and endothelial cell function measured mitochondrial energetics and vascular function using 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy and optical spectroscopy (MRS/OS) among persons with moderate-severe CKD. The secondary objective is to describe the impact of oral glutamine supplementation on mitochondrial metabolic profile as well as inflammatory and oxidative...

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