Clinical Trials About "High Fiber Diet Tied Lower Heart Risk Diabetes" RSS

17:30 EST 12th December 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "High Fiber Diet Tied Lower Heart Risk Diabetes" Clinical Trials 1–25 of 44,000+

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Effect of Amount and Type of Dietary Carbohydrates on Risk for Cardiovascular Heart Disease and Diabetes

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes are health conditions that are strongly influenced by a person's diet. Although the best diet to prevent CVD and diabetes is uncertain, reducing intake of saturated and transunsaturated fats is known to help lower cardiovascular risk. However, even diets low in these fats can vary widely in other energy providing nutrients, particularly carbohydrates. This study will determine the effects of a higher versus lower carbohydrate diet, each...

Comparison of Two Different Diets on Health Outcomes

The purpose of this study is to compare the effects of a low-carbohydrate diet and a high-carbohydrate, high-fiber diet, on insulin sensitivity and blood chemicals considered risk markers for heart disease, in persons with the metabolic syndrome. Our primary hypothesis is that the ad libitum high-carbohydrate, high-fiber diet will significantly improve insulin sensitivity, whereas the ad libitum low-carbohydrate, low-fiber diet will not.

Influence of a Liquid Oat Bran Product on Blood Glucose in Patients With Poorly Controlled Type 2 Diabetes

This study evaluates the effects of an ad libitum addition of a high fiber product to the regular diet of type 2 diabetes patients on body weight and blood sugar control. In the first 6 weeks half of the participants will receive the high fiber test product and half a reference product without fiber. After the first 6 weeks both groups will be switched to the high fiber product.

Low Glycemic Index Diets (With Pulses) in Type 2 Diabetes

Healthy individuals with type 2 diabetes will receive intensive counseling on food selection to improve glucose control using either high cereal fiber dietary strategies or low glycemic index foods emphasizing dried legumes and their products. The treatments will last 3 months with bloods taken for HbA1c, glucose and blood lipids. If the study shows a benefit for either or both diets, then use of high fiber and/or low glycemic index foods in the diet may provide another potent...

Dietary Intervention in Patients With a History of Melanoma

This trial studies the effects of a fiber-rich diet or a ketogenic (high fat and low carbohydrate) diet in patients with a history of melanoma. A ketogenic diet provides daily calories through a high amount of fat and a very small amount of carbohydrates. A whole-foods, fiber-rich diet provides these calories through a diet based on fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. This study is being done to determine a tolerable diet "dose" by increasing the fiber content or fat content ...

Effect of Pea Fiber Supplementation on the Gut Microbiota and Host Metabolome and Proteome (FIB)

All subjects will complete a 49-day, multi-phase feeding study to evaluate the effect of pea fiber supplementation on gut community structure and features of host biological state (plasma proteome/ metabolome). Subjects will be asked to continue to consume their habitual diet (free diet phase) for 4 days prior to being provided with a diet high in saturated fat (HiSF) and low in fruits and vegetables (LoFV) in the form of packed-out meals and snacks to consume for the following...

The Effect of Diet and Exercise in Heart Failure

A growing number of people in this country are overweight or obese. This is concerning as increasing weight has been shown to increase the risk of developing heart failure. However, there is also research to suggest that in people who already have heart failure, heavier people live longer. So, how does being overweight put a person at risk for heart failure, but once they have heart failure, protect them? There is no clear explanation for this dilemma. People who are obe...

Impact of Low Fiber Diet on Colonic Cleansing Quality (DIETPREP)

This is a single center randomized controlled trial to compare bowel cleansing for outpatient colonoscopy in two groups of participants: one group will receive instructions of one-day structured low fiber diet whilst the other group will receive three-day low fiber diet. Both groups will receive the same bowel cleansing solution (polyethylene glycol plus ascorbic acid). Bowel cleansing will be assessed according the Boston Bowel Preparation Scale.

Effects of Novel Fiber on Glucose Homeostasis in Individuals at Risk for Diabetes

This study will critically evaluate the effects of a novel dietary fiber administered to subjects at high risk for developing diabetes to determine if this intervention will improve insulin sensitivity compared to control product administration and, thus, decrease risk for developing diabetes. The hypothesis is that consuming this novel fiber twice a day for 12 weeks will significantly decrease fasting plasma glucose, insulin and glycosylated hemoglobin values in pre-dia...

Healthy Diet for Healthy Moms and Babies

The purpose of this clinical study is to collect baseline information on dietary habits and metabolic risk factors, and to examine the effects of a dietary intervention focusing on fiber and antioxidant rich berries on the development of gestational diabetes, glucose and lipid control and inflammation in obese pregnant women at risk of developing diabetes. With the ongoing epidemic of obesity, the prevalence of gestational diabetes is significantly increasing and the goal of th...

China Heart Diet for People With High Cardiovascular Risk in China (DECIDE-Diet)

The DECIDE - Diet (Diet, ExerCIse and carDiovascular hEalth - China Heart Diet for People With High Cardiovascular Risk in China) is to evaluate the effects of China Heart Diet in reducing blood pressure in Chinese people with high cardiovascular risk. The study will recruit 360 adults people from 4 centers in China. All eligible participants will participate in a 1-week run-in phase in which they are fed the traditional Chinses diet. Participants who pass the run-in phase will...

High-fiber Diet on the Body and the Brain

The central research question aims to understand what drives individuals to make and maintain a vegan / vegetarian dietary decision, to investigate whether there are possible predictors that might influence such a decision and whether personality differences already exist or can only be measured after the change in diet. The investigators will examine the effects of a high-fiber diet on food wanting on a neural and on a behavioral level. The microbiome is suggested to mediate t...

Effects of Low Versus High Carbohydrate Diet During Rehabilitation on Cardiovascular Function and Metabolism in Type 2 Diabetes

Compared to the traditional low fat diet for overweight patients with type 2 diabetes, recent evidence shows that low carbohydrate/high protein diets lower triglycerides and postprandial glucose levels more effectively. However, it is not known, whether this diet can also improve the subclinically impaired myocardial function in type 2 diabetes. This prospective parallel group and cross over design study compares the effects of a low glycemic and insulinemic diet (LOGI®) with ...

The Effect of a Traditional Dietary Intervention on Diabetes Mellitus and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in a First Nation Community: A Pilot Study

The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether or not a traditional First Nations diet (high protein) and/or a dietary intervention based upon current Canadian dietary recommendations (high carbohydrate/high fiber) effects risk factors for type 2 diabetes mellitus and/or cardiovascular disease in a remote fly in First Nations community (Sandy Lake First Nation). This pilot has been developed in conjunction with Sandy Lake First Nation to answer the research question: W...

Evaluate the Side Effects and Benefits of Rosiglitazone With or Without Diet and Exercise in Type II Diabetes Mellitus

Rationale: Rosiglitazone is an anti-diabetic agent used to lower the blood glucose level in Type II Diabetes mellitus (non-insulin-dependent diabetes) patients with proper diet and exercise. Rosiglitazone works by restoring proper response to insulin in the body. Rosiglitazone acts primarily by increasing insulin sensitivity which improves glycemic index. It is presumed that Rosiglitazone does not cause cardiovascular side effects if it is given to Type II diabetes mellitus p...

Can a Modified Fat Diet With Low Glycaemic Load Improve Insulin Sensitivity and Inflammatory Mediators in Overweight People With Chronic Heart Failure?

This study is looking at overweight patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), to compare the effects of a modified fat diet with a reduced glycaemic load (diet 1); and a conventional low fat, high carbohydrate diet (diet 2) on: - insulin sensitivity (using the homeostasis model assessment [HOMA] model) - lipid profile - symptomatic status (6 minute walk distance and Heart Failure Quality of Life [HF QOL] Questionnaire) - body weight -...


Gender Differences in the Metabolic Effects of Uric Acid

Increased stiffening of the heart and blood vessels is a predictor of heart disease. Stiffening has been found to be greater in women than men, which puts women with poor blood sugar control at a greater risk for heart disease than men. In women only, a molecule in the blood called uric acid can be elevated due to diets high in fructose consumption and it is thought to be a cause of heart and vessel stiffening. From previous research, we have found that restricting fructose in ...

Low Fiber Diet for Bowel Preparation for Colon Capsule Examination

A prospective randomized controlled investigator-blinded study to compare efficacy of low fiber diet for 5 days versus regular diet, both as adjunct to one day clear liquid diet and standard bowel preparation for colon capsule examination

The Effects of Increased Fiber Diet Consumption on Outcomes of Subjects With Visceral Obesity

The investigators propose to undertake a controlled dietary intervention study in UAE subjects with visceral obesity to examine the feasibility of a diet rich in fruits, vegetables and/or whole-grain fiber in the UAE population. The research will also investigate the longer-term influence of increased fruits, vegetables and fiber consumption on health and its capacity to sustain lifestyle change.

Prebiotic Fiber in the ICU

This is a pilot trial testing enteral feeds that are high versus low in prebiotic fiber in 20 critically ill adults. The long-term goal is to determine the efficacy of fiber for the prevention of pathogen colonization/infection in the ICU.

Metabolic Response to the Acute Consumption of Fiber-enriched Pasta

Cardio-metabolic diseases are a leading cause of mortality worldwide. Over the years, therefore, there have been considerable efforts to identify strategies for prevention and management of risk factors. The diet, with its pleiotropic effects, is one of the most effective approaches to reduce the cardio-metabolic risk. In this context, the dietary fibers have been extensively studied and the available evidence supports the beneficial effects of its consumption. However, worldwi...

Combined Nutritional and Exercise Strategies to Reduce Liver Fat Content in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes

The aim of this study will be to evaluate in patients with type 2 diabetes the effects on liver fat of an intervention with a diet relatively rich in CHO/rich in fibre/low GI or a diet rich in MUFA, either combined or not with a structured program of physical exercise, with emphasis on mechanisms possibly underlining these effects, namely changes in postprandial triglyceride-rich lipoproteins, body fat distribution, insulin sensitivity, oxidative stress and inflammation, adipos...

Lipoprotein Turnover on Low- and High-MUFA Portfolio Diets

Low and very low carbohydrate diets, such as the Atkins' Diet, have recently gained attention for their potential health benefits from weight loss and have gained some scientific support from a growing number of studies. Benefits have been noted in relation to raised "good" cholesterol, lower "bad" cholesterol and triglycerides. Other studies have shown an advantage in substituting vegetable fat for carbohydrate in insulin resistant individuals and in some instances in type 2 ...

The Effects of Fiber on Appetite and Digestion Hormones

In this research study, investigators are interested in how certain dietary fibers in the diet affect certain hormones released from your intestine after eating and how these influence your appetite. The study hypothesis is that certain fibers will slow digestion and absorption of nutrients thereby optimizing fullness,reducing food intake and limiting insulin response in pre- and post-menopausal women.

Diabetes Intervention Accentuating Diet and Enhancing Metabolism

Diabetes is one of the greatest challenges faced by healthcare services worldwide. It is associated with serious complications such as heart attacks, stroke, and peripheral artery disease as well as kidney disease, eye disease, and nerve dysfunction. Data from weight loss with bariatric surgery suggest that with the appropriate intervention, it should be possible to reverse diabetes and that the earlier the intervention occurs, the greater the chances of placing diabetes into r...

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