Clinical Trials About "Hospitalizations major risk factor increased cognitive decline older" RSS

19:27 EDT 20th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Hospitalizations major risk factor increased cognitive decline older" Clinical Trials 1–25 of 29,000+

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Study of Postoperative Cognitive Decline in Aged Patients

postoperative cognitive decline is a common and deleterious complication in aged patients.The link between inflammation and postoperative cognitive decline has also been reported.However,the link between SOD1,SOD2,Osteopontin, Kallikrein-6,and Contactin-1 and postoperative cognitive decline is unknown. In this project ,investigators examine the relationship between 5 cytokines measured at there timepoints (preoperative [PREOP], postoperative day 1 [POD1] , and postopera...

The Effect of Exercise on Cognition in Older Adults At-risk for Diabetes: A Feasibility Pilot Study

Older adults with type 2 diabetes experience cognitive decline and are at higher risk for developing dementia. Consequently, older adults at-risk for developing type 2 diabetes (based on body mass, glucose levels) are at higher risk for cognitive decline, and intervening at this point may prevent or delay the onset of such decline. One promising lifestyle intervention that has been shown to improve cognitive function in other populations is exercise. However, before investigato...

Metabolic Syndrome, Inflammation, and Risk of Cognitive Decline

The purpose of this study is to determine if the metabolic syndrome is a risk factor for cognitive decline and if this association is modified by inflammation.

Effect of Sedation on Cognitive Performance in the Elderly

The main goal of this study is to allow the anesthesiologist to make a more informed decision about the anesthetic requirement of a person prior to starting anesthesia. The preliminary data collected in this study will support a larger investigation aimed at gaining a better understanding of anesthetic susceptibility in general and in the elderly population which appears to be at greater risk for Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction (POCD) POCD is a short-term decline in ...

ENGAGE for Brain Health

Age-related cognitive decline has a profound impact on the daily functioning of older adults, their families and healthcare systems. Despite its significant personal, societal and economic impact, no pharmacologic therapies presently exist to mitigate age-related cognitive decline. As the population of older adults continues to rapidly increase, the implementation of effective and scalable low-cost interventions that may maintain the cognitive independence of broad populations ...

Effects of Horticultural Therapy on Elderly at Risk of Cognitive Decline

The objective of this study is to determine whether horticultural therapy would improve the psychological well-being older adults who are at risk of memory (cognitive) decline. 100 elderly subjects who are at risk of cognitive decline will be randomized into the active horticultural therapy or to the waitlist control group. Sessions will be conducted weekly for 9 months, and participants will be assessed at 3 time-points: at the start of the study, at 3 months and at 9 months. ...

Preventing Cognitive and Functional Decline Among Seniors at Risk

This study evaluates the efficacy of Real-World Strategy Training (RWST) compared to a psycho-education workshop for improving everyday life performance in older adults with subjective cognitive decline (SCD). Participants will be randomly assigned to receive one of these approaches.

Preventing Cognitive Decline in African Americans With Mild Cognitive Impairment

The goal of this study is to determine whether increasing participation in cognitive, physical, and/or social activities prevents cognitive decline in older African Americans (AAs) with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). Patients with MCI are at increased risk for Alzheimer's Disease (AD); we propose that increasing participation in activities will prevent cognitive decline and may delay the onset of Alzheimer's Disease (AD). We will test this hypothesis by conducting a clinica...

Social Dancing Intervention for Older Adults at High Risk of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias

Dancing is a complex sensorimotor rhythmic activity that integrates cognitive, physical, and social components and is applicable to seniors with various fitness levels. Despite its popularity, there is a paucity of studies that have systematically examined the role of dancing in preventing or delaying cognitive decline in older adults at high risk for Alzheimer's disease and related dementias. This preliminary randomized clinical trial will help provide the evidence base to dev...

Preoperative Cognitive Training for Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction

Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction (POCD) is a state of decline in cognitive ability after surgery and is frequently seen among our elderly population. Many studies have looked into predictive risk factors for POCD while research is underway to search for pre-emptive measures to avoid this unfavourable outcome. Most will be looking at utilizing mobile software applications of cognitive training but in many poorer countries, owning electronic devices may not be an option or may...

Does Micro-albuminuria is a Predictive Factor for Cognitive Impairment in Persons Living With HIV (PLHIV) Who Achieve cART-sustained Immunovirological Control ?

Chronic kidney disease (CKD), frequent in PLHIV, is a risk factor for cognitive impairment. Micro-albuminuria is an early manifestation of CKD and a marker of vascular risk, notably affecting the small vessels. In the older general population microalbuminuria is associated with greater annual cognitive decline and has been proposed as an easily and inexpensive measured marker predicting future cognitive function decline. Ageing of the PLH leads to an increase of cognitive disor...

Polyamine-enriched Diet in Healthy Older Adults With Subjective Cognitive Decline

The overall objective of this study is to examine the effect of polyamine supplementation on cognitive performance of individuals with subjective cognitive decline.

Passport to Brain Wellness in Sedentary Adults

Numerous modifiable lifestyle factors have been identified that may affect the risk of older adults developing mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). Evidence suggests that interventions to reduce risk factors and enhance protective factors would be beneficial in slowing cognitive decline and decreasing the risk of incident MCI and AD. The overall objective of this pilot study, funded as a supplement to Keep Active Minnesota (KAM) (03-024; R01-AG023410) i...


Trial of a Nutritional Blend to Prevent Cognitive Decline in Older Adults

To show the efficacy of a 4-year intervention with nutritional blend of ingredients to prevent cognitive decline.

Neuroimaging Correlates of Memory Decline Following Carotid Interventions

Carotid revascularization can significantly reduce the risk of stroke in patients with severe carotid stenosis; however, it has been associated with cognitive decline in 25% of the older adults who undergo the procedure. Characterizing risk factors for cognitive decline following carotid interventions and individualizing treatment strategy based on those risks can minimize procedure-associated cognitive dysfunction. Neuroimaging techniques that characterize white matter integ...

Improvements in Cognitive Skills of Older Adults Using Dynamic Visual Attention Training

The proposed SBIR Phase I study tests the feasibility of PATH neurotraining for improving cognitive skills in older adults and, potentially, forestalling or protecting against cognitive decline and dementia. The feasibility of PATH neurotraining will be evaluated by comparing it with another cognitive training program, Brain HQ's Target Tracker, and ascertaining the relative advantage(s) of PATH neurotraining for enhancing cognition in older adults between 55 and 75 years of ag...

Effects of Change in Insulin Resistance and Systemic Inflammation on Brain Structure and Function

Obesity is associated with alterations in brain structure and cognitive impairment and is a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia. The mechanisms underlying obesity related decline in cognitive function are not fully understood. The long-term goal of this project is to understand how obesity affects cognitive function, with the aim to develop new ways to prevent and treat obesity related cognitive decline

The Influence of HDL Function on Cognitive Function

Older people with diabetes mellitus are at risk of cognitive decline and dementia. We therefore propose to examine the potential influence of HDL function on global cognitive function and brain structures in older people with DM.

Older Breast Cancer Patients: Risk for Cognitive Decline

The goal of this study is to evaluate the impact of systemic therapy on cognition in older breast cancer patients, explore which domains are most affected, measure associations between cognitive decline and QOL, and describe how APOE and COMT polymorphisms, inflammatory biomarkers and physical activity moderate cognitive outcomes. This study is being done nationally, with recruiting sites at Georgetown University, Montgomery General Hospital, Virginia Cancer Specialists, Memori...

The Effect of Consumption of Almonds and Snack Mix Daily for 6 Months on Cognitive Function in Older Adults

Cognitive impairment is also a major risk factor for development of dementia later in life. Findings from recent studies suggest that the there are many nutrients contained in foods that may be important in cognitive function in the elderly. This study evaluates long-term intervention with almonds and snack mix as a treatment strategy for age-related cognitive impairment which could possibly prevent the onset of dementia. The proposed study is designed as a randomized, placebo...

Donepezil in the Prevention of Post-Operative Cognitive Decline

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of using Donepezil to prevent post-operative cognitive decline (POCD) among individuals aged 65 and older who have a baseline mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and are undergoing elective hip or knee replacement.

A Comparative Study of Brain Structure and Amyloid Load in MCI Patients

Older people with DM are at greater risk of cognitive decline than their counterparts with DM. Cognitive impairment in older people with DM may be associated with non-AD related brain atrophy and white matter disease. The investigators therefore propose to compare DM and non-DM older people with amnesic MCI in brian volumes, white matter disease and amyloid load. 30 older people with aMCI, 30 older people with aMCI and DM, age 65-85 will be recruited. They all will have amyloi...

Cognitive Impairment and Cardiovascular Risk in Older

The objective of this project is to study cognitive yields in people of the town of Salamanca over 65, with particular emphasis on the acquisition of the initial symptoms of cognitive impairment in order to detect mild cognitive impairment and study the relationship between the clinical situation and cardiovascular risk factors. It will depart from a reference population of 420 people older than 65 years living in the municipality of Salamanca which took part in a survey prior ...

Treatment With Namenda in Women at Risk for Cognitive Decline

This research aims to explore the effectiveness of memantine (Namenda) in treating post-menopausal women between the ages of 50 and 65, who are at risk for cognitive decline. Memantine has already been shown to offer cognitive benefits to patients suffering from Alzheimer's disease, but it's potential for treating those at risk for cognitive decline without Alzheimer's disease or other dementia has yet to be evaluated. It is possible that memantine may offer neurocognitive bene...

Gastrodin Prevents Cognitive Decline Related to Cardiopulmonary Bypass

The incidence of cognitive decline related to CPB ranges from 20% to 80%, which may affect length of hospital stay, quality of life, the rehabilitation process, and work performance.However, there is no method to prevent the decline.Gastrodin,the active constituent of gastrodia elata, has been widely used for the treatment of paralysis, hemiplegia, headache, vertigo, and Alzheimer's disease. Gastrodin is safe. No severe side-effect has been observed in the treatment. We postula...

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