Clinical Trials About "Identifying Precursors to Severe Problem Behavior" RSS

19:15 EST 20th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Identifying Precursors Severe Problem Behavior" Clinical Trials 1–25 of 14,000+

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Identifying Precursors to Severe Problem Behavior

The primary objective of this research is to evaluate the escalating sequence of behavior that culminates in severe problem behavior (SPB, such as aggression, self-injury, and disruption). To do so, we will investigate the precursors of SPB, which are defined as behaviors that are not as severe or dangerous as SPB, but that reliably precede the occurrence of SPB. Identifying and knowing about these precursors has the potential to complement existing behavioral treatments, makin...


Prevention Program for Problem Behaviors in Girls in Foster Care

This study will determine the efficacy of a parent-involved intervention in preventing problem behavior in middle school girls who are currently in foster care.

Neural and Mobile Assessment OF Behavior Change Among Problem Drinkers

This study will examine the neural mechanisms underlying both spontaneous behavior change and behavior change in response to a brief intervention among problem drinkers.

Tantrum Tamers 2.0: The Role of Emotion

This study aims to better understand how to best help parents of young children with problem behavior. Problem behaviors vary between and within children, but can include inattention/hyperactivity, tantrums, and/or noncompliance.

Preventing Problem Behavior Among Middle School Students

Problem behaviors such as drug use, violence, and school misconduct increase during adolescence. This study evaluated a program designed to prevent problem behaviors in middle school students; the program includes classroom instruction for students and home instruction for parents.

Glutathione and Its Precursors in HIV-Infected Patients

The aim of this study is to investigate the responses of the serum amyloid A (SAA) pathway to dietary supplements of glutamine (Gln) and cysteine (Cys) together with methionine (Met)-overloading in HIV+ patients comparatively to healthy controls.

Activating Behavior for Lasting Engagement After Stroke

Stroke survivors demonstrate high levels of sedentary behavior, placing them at risk for exacerbation of chronic health conditions. This may lead to recurrent stroke. Subtle cognitive impairments are common after stroke and can lead to difficulty self-monitoring and problem solving to overcome barriers to physical activity. Investigators developed the Activating Behavior for Lasting Engagement (ABLE) intervention to promote activity scheduling, self-monitoring, and problem solv...

Goal-directed and Cue-dependent Behavior in Severe Obesity

The current proposal aims to investigate implicit and explicit priming paradigms for changing cue-dependent and goal-directed nutritional behavior in participants with severe obesity before and after bariatric surgery as well as in a control group with normal weight.

Study of Children at Risk for Disruptive Behavior Disorders

A conduct disorder is characterized by repetitive and persistent patterns of behavior where the basic rights of others and rules are violated. This study investigates characteristics of children and their surroundings (environments) that place them at risk for the development of disruptive behavior disorders and associated disorders of anxiety and mood. Children ages 4 - 5 with moderate (subclinical) and severe (clinical) rates of misconduct during the preschool period are co...

NAD Supplementation Study

This research project aims to determine whether supplementing with a mixture of the NAD+-precursors NA, NAM, and tryptophan can stimulate skeletal muscle mitochondrial function in physically compromised, elderly humans. Outcomes are related to mitochondrial function, energy metabolism, and physical function will be investigated.

Preliminary Study of Endometrial Hyperplasia Groundwork for a Study to Define Precursors of Endometrial Cancer

This study, conducted jointly by the National Cancer Institute and the Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research Northwest (KPCHRN) in Portland, Oregon, will lay the groundwork for a future study to identify precursors of endometrial cancer; that is, conditions that precede development of cancer of the lining of the uterus. The diagnosis of endometrial hyperplasia (a condition of abnormal proliferation of endometrial tissue) includes most precursors of endometrial cancer, a...

Study to Determine The Effect of a Drug Called Neupogen on Stroke Recovery

1. Circulating bone marrow and blood vessel precursors home in to sites of ischemia and aid regeneration of injured tissue 2. Increasing the number of circulating precursors will improve in regeneration of damaged brain following ischemic stroke.

Resurgence as Choice: Basic and Clinical Studies

Background: Functional communication training (FCT) is a commonly used intervention for teaching appropriate communication skills to children with intellectual disabilities who exhibit severe destructive behavior. Resurgence as Choice (RaC) Theory, a quantitative model of behavior, may help to explain why treatment relapse often occurs after FCT. This project will use the predictions of RaC to improve FCT treatments. Objective: To test the predictions made by RaC with human su...

Trimethylamine-N-oxide Production and Metabolism

The purpose of this study was to understand the production of trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) and its metabolites from dietary precursors found in fish, eggs and beef. In addition, this study traced the fate of supplemental TMAO that has been labeled with deuterium to determine how TMAO is being used in the body.

The Effect of Probiotics on the Clearance of the Human Papillomavirus and on Cytological Lesions Caused by the Virus

Aim: In this project proposition the investigators would like to examine the effect of immune modulation by probiotics on the clearance of HPV-infections. This study provides a model for viral infection but also for cancer precursors. This would be an excellent model (and the only possible short-term model) to examine an effect on cancer precursors. Cancer precursors (cytological abnormalities such as L-SIL) are a scientifically accepted surrogate endpoint for cervical cancer,...

Interventions for HIV+ Mothers With Problem Drinking

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of a 14-session behavioral intervention for HIV-infected and uninfected mothers with problem drinking. The intervention targets alcohol and drug problems, sexual risk behavior, and parenting. We hypothesize that mothers in the 14-session intervention condition will show improvements in alcohol and drug use, sexual risk behavior, and parenting in comparison to the control condition, which receives a one session brief video ...

Dental Engagement Study Behavior Modification

This is a pilot study to determine whether knowledge gained by an individual of genetic risk for severe periodontitis changes the patient's health behavior as measured by an increased frequency of their preventive dental office visits. In addition to the primary objectives of the study, the overall design and logistics will be used to inform a possible future study.

Study of Glutathione, Vitamin C and Cysteine in Children With Autism and Severe Behavior Problems

This is a double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of glutathione alone or glutathione, vitamin C and NAC treatment in children with autism who also have severe behavior problems. The investigators hypothesis is that children with autism will show improvement in both learning capabilities and behavior with either glutathione, or glutathione, vitamin C and NAC therapy.

Effectiveness of Behavioral Preschool Teacher Training

A cluster randomized controlled pre-post effectiveness trial of behavioral preschool teacher training (BPTT) delivered in a practitioner assisted group format for children with externalizing behavior problems. Preschools were randomized to either intervention in 25 preschools or as 22 waiting list control preschools, where teachers in preschool classes with the target child or children were program receivers. Participants were 100 target children 3-5 years old together with 72 ...

Vescell(TM) for the Treatment of Patients With Severe Anginal Syndrome With or Without Heart Failure

Evaluation of an intracoronary injection of ex-vivo generated autologous Angiogenic Cells Precursors (ACPs) to treat patients suffering from severe angina not responsive to maximal drug treatment or not willing or without option of undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). The use of ACPs aims to promote the formation of new vascularization and thus viable myocardial tissue.

Infant Night Wakings in Pediatric Primary Care

This study aims to: 1. identify which single item or combination of two items perform best in identifying problematic infant night wakings and 2. describe current practices by pediatricians in addressing problematic infant night wakings. Using a novel computer decision support system in several primary care clinics, caregivers accompanying their child to a health visit will be randomly assigned to receive two of five items assessing night wakings an...

SMART Africa (Strengthening Mental Health Research and Training)

The objective of this research study is to examine the implementation of and outcomes associated with an evidence-based practice (EBP), specifically Multiple Family Group (MFG) targeting youth disruptive behavior challenges and success, through a scale up intervention study in Uganda, and two pilot studies that will be conducted in Kenya and Ghana

Online Interventions for Gamblers With and Without Co-occurring Problem Drinking

Many problem gamblers are also problem drinkers,with lifetime prevalence in nationally representative samples ranging from 45% to 73%. Heavy drinking often occurs while problem gamblers are engaging in gambling activities, resulting in increased risky gambling behaviour. Further, co-occurring problem drinking negatively impacts on the treatment outcomes of problem gamblers. Thus, targeting problem drinking among problem gamblers may have the dual benefits of reducing both the p...

Gait and REM Sleep Behavior Disorder

Many people with idiopathic rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD) have an underlying synucleinopathy, the most common of which are Parkinson's disease (PD) and Lewy body disease. Identifying additional abnormal clinical features may help in identifying those at greater risk of evolving to a more severe syndrome. Because gait disorders are common in the synucleinopathies, early abnormalities in gait in those with RBD could help in identifying those at increased ...

Collaborative Problem Solving vs. Positive Solutions for Families in Preschool Parent Groups

The main objectives of this study are to evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, and effects of a CPS parent group on outcomes for a sample of parents of children ages 3 to 5 compared to outcomes after attending a parenting group that promotes behavioral (operant) parenting. We hypothesize that guardians in the CPS group will report a better understanding of how neurocognitive skills relate to children's behaviors, greater improvements in child functioning and behavior, and gr...

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