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Clinical Trials About "Impacts of Aronia on Inflammation and the Gut Microbiome" RSS

22:05 EST 19th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

We list hundreds of Clinical Trials about "Impacts of Aronia on Inflammation and the Gut Microbiome" on BioPortfolio. We draw our references from global clinical trials data listed on ClinicalTrials.gov and refresh our database daily.

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Showing "Impacts Aronia Inflammation Microbiome" Clinical Trials 1–25 of 5,400+

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Impacts of Aronia on Inflammation and the Gut Microbiome

The overall goal of this project is to determine the inflammation lowering impact of anthocyanin-rich Aronia berries. Inflammation is an underlying mechanism driving the development of several diseases. While an elevation in immune signals in the systemic circulation is commonly attributed to adipose tissue, inflammation is not present in all obese individuals. Adipose tissue must become inflamed, and the inflammation trigger may come from other sources. Microorganisms (microbi...


Potential Health Effects of Aronia Intake

Intervention cross-over study during which participants receive standardized amounts of aronia berry tablets or placebo for three months, then wash out for three months, then aronia tablets or placebo for three months. The potential health effects are investigated. Following parameters are measured before and after each period of tablet intake: 1) Blood pressure, 2) Lipid fractions, 3) Testosterone, 4) Phase II markers, 5) HbA1c, 6) HSCRP, 7) F2-isoprostanes, and 8) semen quali...

Aronia Berry Consumption on Blood Pressure

Aronia berries are a native North American berry with high naturally occurring anthocyanins among other polyphenols. Based on their polyphenol composition, there is growing interest in the potential for Aronia berries to elicit health promoting cardio-metabolic effects. Specifically, Aronia berry extracts, which provide a concentrated source of polyphenols, may improve blood vessel function. Thus, the primary focus of this project is to evaluate the effects of Aronia berry ...


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Effects of Aronia Berries on Vascular Endothelial Function and the Gut Microbiota in Middle-Aged/Older Adults

Aging is the primary risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) largely due to vascular endothelial dysfunction, a major initial step in the development of atherosclerosis. Endothelial dysfunction is characterized by impaired endothelium-dependent dilation and is primarily caused by reduced nitric oxide bioavailability secondary to oxidative stress and inflammation. Interventions that improve endothelial dysfunction are important for improving endothelial function and reducin...

The Effects of Aronia Juice Polyphenols on Cardiovascular Disease Risk

The existing scientific evidence from both in vitro and clinical trials supports the notion that polyphenols can modulate platelet function. Beyond being central players in haemostasis and thrombosis, platelets have crucial roles in the development of atherosclerosis, mediated through their interactions with monocytes and endothelial cells. Disturbed platelet function correlates with other risk factors, including hypertension and obesity, and the progression of cardiovascular d...

The Effect of Aronia With and Without Guarana Extract on Cognitive Function

There is a great interest in improving cognitive performance, including memory and attention. Improved attention is desirable for a large group of people because it is linked to improved performance . Students and professionals can benefit from improved attention and thus performance in academic and other work environments. In addition, cognitive functioning also plays an important role in sports. Various cognitive skills, including attention, reaction time and motor function, ...

Impact of Gastroesophageal Reflux and Aspiration on Airway Inflammation and Microbiome in Children With Chronic Cough

Using an active cohort of children in whom Airway and gastrointestinal endoscopy will be performed, investigators will conduct a chart review to obtain relevant clinical data and the investigators will use an aliquot of airway sample obtained during the clinically indicated bronchoscopy for microbiome analysis. A case-control study design will be used to study whether subjects with CC with GER have a distinct lung microbiome and increased inflammation as compared with subjects ...

Aronia Berry Consumption on Vascular Function

There is an increasing interest in the effects of various food derived polyphenols on vascular function. Arguably the most well-established vascular benefits are attributed to flavanols from cocoa beans and this has been supported by a successful health claim through the European Food Safely Authority in 2012. Berry fruits are another rich source of polyphenols that have vasoactive properties, and there is a growing body of research exploring these effects in various berries (b...

Plant Based Diet, Ethnicity, and the Gut Microbiome

Samples will be collected to determine human genetic variation, fecal and oral microbial communities, and metabolome products. Several evolutionary and ecological diversity metrics will be distilled to test: a) if microbiome variation within each ethnicity is less than that between ethnicities; b) if microbiome variation is finely structured according to genetic relatedness; and c) if dietary variation impacts human genome x microbiome associations.

Probiotics in Dementia

Dementia is associated with changes in gut microbiome composition, gut barrier dysfunction, intestinal inflammation and systemic inflammation. Probiotics are a possibility to modulate the gut-brain axis. In this study the effect of probiotics on the gut microbiome and, gut barrier function, inflammation and cognitive dysfunction will be studied.

Microbiome and Sarcopenia in Patients With Liver Cirrhosis

Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) occurs in 65-90% of patients with liver cirrhosis. Severity of malnutrition correlates with progression of liver disease and leads to sarcopenia in 30-70% of cirrhotic patients. Malnutrition and sarcopenia are associated with an increased risk of complications and mortality. In cirrhosis the gut microbiome is altered leading to increased gut permeability, bacterial translocation and inflammation. Since the microbiome is involved in nutrient up...

Detection of Luminal and Mucosa-associated Microbiome in Healthy Controls vs. Local and Systemic Inflammation

This study should reveal differences in composition of luminal and mucosa-associated microbiome of the human gastrointestinal tract.Therefore bacterial species of different intestinal location sites (small intestine and colon) isolated of biopsies were compared to bacterial composition of stool samples. Additionally the bacterial composition of healthy persons, patients with inflammatory bowel disease and with liver disease (liver cirrhosis) will be compared to detect influence...

Lung Microbiome and Inflammation in Early COPD

This is a cross sectional case controlled study to assess lung microbiome and inflammation in smokers with and without Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Investigators will look at active bacterial metabolic pathways in the lower airways using metagenomic and metabolomic approaches an assess relationships among microbiome, metagenome, metabolome and host immune responses in COPD and controls. Investigators believe COPD cases will have higher prevalence of pneumotype ...

Berries, Inflammation, and Gut Microbiome

The primary objectives are to characterize changes in indices of systemic and gut inflammation, assess host- and microbial-derived metabolite pools, and describe and link functional metagenomics and metatranscriptomic alterations in the gut microbiome with metabolite and inflammatory outcomes after acute (24hr) and chronic (4 week) intake of anthocyanins and ellagitannins from strawberry and red raspberries compared to a control diet (negative control), FOS (positive control, n...

Oral Microbiome and Inflammation in Pediatric Headache

The primary goal of this study is to determine if the oral microbiome and inflammation (oral and systemic) is different in children and adolescents with severe and frequent headaches compared with age and sex matched controls without headaches and also compared with patients with less frequent and severe headaches.

Prevalence of FODMAP Intolerance and JHS in FGID and Association With Microbiome, Dyssynergic Defecation and Dietary Intervention

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a disorder of gastrointestinal function characterized by abdominal symptoms and pain associated with alterations in bowel habit. The condition impacts on the quality of life of at least 10% of the population, impacts on activities of daily living and is associated with considerable direct and indirect costs to the individual, the health system and society. The etiology of IBS appears multifactorial and several mechanisms, among them mucosal inf...

The Role of Gut Microbiome and Chronic Inflammation in Young-onset Colorectal Cancer

This study aims to investigate the role of gut microbiome pattern and inflammation marker NF-ҡB in young-onset colorectal cancer

Intestinal Microbiome After Gastrectomy

The gastric barrier plays a major role in the maintanance of the distal intestinal microbiome composition. It has been shown before that the use of gastric acid suppression medication, such as proton pump inhibitors, are associated with distinctive alterations of the intestinal microbiome. Foremost, the invasion of predominantly oral bacteria, like Veillonella and Streptococcus species, were a resurring finding in previous reports. Gastric cancer treatment includes the total o...

Effects of H.Pylori Eradication on Microbiome

The aim of this Project is, within the scope of industrial research, to evaluate the long term effects of H.pylori eradication on microbiome (gut microbiome, upper respiratory tract microbiome) and lasting adverse events. In addition, the project aims to evaluate its effects on abundance and prevalence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases coding genes and develop cost effective ESBL screening test prototype.

Triphala and VSL#3 Probiotic Supplementation and Stool Microbiome Profiles and Inflammation

Normal aging can lead to loss of gut microbial biodiversity which is linked to inflammaging and immunosenescence or the loss of immunocompetence. Probiotics, such as VSL#3®, and certain herbal supplements such as Triphala are associated with restoration of gut community architecture, increased gut barrier function and decreased inflammation. The present project will examine the potential benefits of a synbiotic (which denotes a prebiotic plus probiotic, and in this study, is a...

Obesity, Iron Regulation and Colorectal Cancer Risk

Obesity is an independent risk factor for colorectal cancer (CRC) although the underlying mechanisms have not been elucidated. Dietary nutrients play a key role in both the prevention and promotion of CRC. While iron is an essential nutrient, excess iron is associated with carcinogenesis. Unlike the systemic compartment, the intestinal lumen lacks an efficient system to regulate iron. In conditions when dietary iron malabsorption and intestinal inflammation co-exist, greater lu...

Lipidome and Microbiome Profile of the Eye in Rosacea

The question that the investigators aim to address in this proposal is how the local lipid mediator profiles of ceramides and eicosanoids are altered in cutaneous and ocular rosacea and how antibiotics alter the lipidome. The investigators also seek to understand how the microbiome is changed in those with and without rosacea, and how the microbiome is altered in those with rosacea. Understanding how the lipidome is modulated in rosacea with antibiotic treatment will serve as t...

Secondary Sclerosis Cholangitis Prospective

SC-CIP is increasing in patients after critical illness. Pathogenesis is still largely unclear. Gut microbiome composition, gut permeability, bacterial translocation, inflammation and/or genetic variants contribute to the pathogenesis The aim of this project is to study gut microbiome composition, gut permeability, bacterial translocation, inflammation, bile acid composition and genetic polymorphisms by conducting a prospective cohort study in patients with a high risk to devel...

Maternal and Neonatal Microbiome

The aim of the study is to characterize and monitor the microbiome of premature infants born in the investigators facility until discharge from the NICU. The investigators will also examine the relationship between mode of delivery and the microbiome of the infant, while exploring various possible factors that may affect it. In addition, the investigators will compare the microbiome of premature infants to the microbiome of term babies born at the same time in the same facility...

Assessing the Role of a Fermented Soy Extract in Inflammation and the Human Microbiome

The consumption of fermented soy foods can alter the human microbiome and may confer health benefits. Researchers propose a line of inquiry to assess the effects of Q-Can Plus ("QC") fermented soy beverage in humans, assessing immunological, microbiological, and clinical parameters.


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