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Clinical Trials About "Missing Link Fighting Antibiotic Resistance" RSS

14:37 EST 22nd February 2020 | BioPortfolio

We list hundreds of Clinical Trials about "Missing Link Fighting Antibiotic Resistance" on BioPortfolio. We draw our references from global clinical trials data listed on ClinicalTrials.gov and refresh our database daily.

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Showing "Missing Link Fighting Antibiotic Resistance" Clinical Trials 1–25 of 6,100+

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Selection of Antibiotic Resistance by Azithromycin and Clarithromycin in the Oral Flora

Resistance to antibiotics is a major public-health problem and studies linking antibiotic use and resistance have shown an association not a causal effect. Utilizing the newer macrolides, azithromycin and clarithromycin that are commonly prescribed for respiratory infections, we investigated the direct impact of antibiotic exposure on resistance at the individual level.


Prescription Pattern and Awareness About Antibiotic Prophylaxis and Resistance

To assess the knowledge of Pediatric dentists regarding the prescription of antibiotics, antibiotic prophylaxis and antibiotic resistance

Improving Antibiotic Use in Acute Care Treatment

Purpose The emergence and rapid rise in antibiotic resistance among common bacteria are adversely affecting the clinical course and health care costs of community-acquired infections. Because antibiotic resistance rates are strongly correlated with antibiotic use patterns, multiple organizations have declared reductions in unnecessary antibiotic use to be critical components of efforts to combat antibiotic resistance. Among humans, the vast majority of unnecessary antibiotic pr...


Antimicrobial Resistance Rate In Escherichia Coli And Klebsiella Pneumonia : A Retrospective Study

Antibiotics are medicines used to avoid and treat bacterial infections. Antibiotic resistance is increasing to dangerous level globally.

Routine Antibiotic Prescription Monitoring in Primary Care Physicians: A Nationwide Trial

Antibiotic resistance is an increasingly serious problem in Switzerland which is associated with the exposure and overall uptake of antibiotics in a population. Reduced antibiotic prescribing for outpatients is paralleled by a decrease in antibiotic resistance rates. In a recent pragmatic trial the investigators found only promising yet not very conclusive results as those were present only in some groups. This nationwide antibiotic stewardship program with routine feedback on...

Antibiotic Resistance in Global Pediatric Oncology Centers

Antibiotic resistance is one of the major health threats facing global as well as domestic populations, however it is not well characterized in pediatric patients. Pediatric patients receiving cancer-directed therapy have several risk factors implicated in development of antibiotic resistance including multiple courses of antibiotics, repeated exposures to the hospital environment, indwelling devices and chemotherapy-related damage to mucosal barriers. The investigators propose...

Antibiotic Prescription Audit for Acute Respiratory Infections at Assiut University Children's Hospital

Antibiotics are one of the most commonly prescribed drugs in pediatric care all over the world. Over prescription of antibiotics is a major public health problem and the most important factor in the emergence of antibiotic resistance. In Egypt, a recent study conducted in El-Minya governorate to investigate antibiotic use in PHC centres and in governmental hospitals, revealed that physician prescriptions of antibiotics for ARIs were extremely high as 82% of pediatric visits fo...

Emergence of Gram-negative Resistance in Blood Culture Isolates of Solid-organ Transplant Recipients

The information collected will provide insight in to the epidemiology of antibiotic resistance in a transplant compared to a non-transplant population. Data is needed regarding the date of admission, date of bloodstream infection and location of ward/ICU so trends in the emergence of resistance and antibiotic usage can be detected.

Comparison of 9 Doses vs 3 Doses of Post Operative Antibiotics in Live Liver Donors

Antibiotic resistance is a very serious and dangerous situation in modern world. Judicious use of antibiotics is therefore of extreme importance not just in preventing antibiotic resistance but also it decreases cost of the treatment and prevent side-effects of the antibiotics. No randomized trial is available in literature for antibiotic prophylaxis in patient undergoing donor hepatectomy. Currently, antibiotic regimen is based on individual institutional protocol. There have ...

Community Epidemiology and Typology of Third-generation Cephalosporins Resistant Enterobacteriaceae in Reunion Island

In its report dated april 2014, World Health Organization confirms antibiotic resistance dissemination in all parts of the world, in hospitals and in community and worries about a possible comeback to a pre-antibiotic era during the 21st century. For the last 15 years, third-generation cephalosporins resistant enterobacteriaceae (3GCREB) prevalence is continuously increasing. Community 3GCREB prevalence has not been studied whereas several observations made in Reunion Island ho...

Study of Accuracy of New Diagnostic Technology to Determine Guide Rapid Antibiotic Treatment for Serious Infections

Military service members and the U.S. veteran population face a growing and serious health threat: widespread antibiotic resistance resulting from resistant bacteria and a dwindling pipe-line of sufficiently potent antibiotics. Infections with antibiotic resistant bacteria are increasing significantly. They cause major complications and mortality, and drive up healthcare costs. Powerful but non-targeted antibiotics, while in widespread use, can actually pressure bacteria to d...

Bacteremia Antibiotic Length Actually Needed for Clinical Effectiveness

The World Health Organization, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Association of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (AMMI) Canada, and Health Canada have all declared antimicrobial resistance a global threat to health, based on rapidly increasing resistance rates and declining new drug development. Up to 30-50% of antibiotic use is inappropriate, and excessive durations of treatment are the greatest contributor to inappropriate use. Shorter duration trea...

Efficacy of Information System Regarding the Consumption of Antibiotics and Bacterial Resistance in Primary Care

France is a country strong consumer of antibiotics in Europe, specially in primary care. Outpatient antibiotic use represents around 90% of total antibiotic use and prescriptions come mainly from general practitioners. A literature review of antibiotic stewardship in primary care show that there is no evaluation of interest of giving information about consumption of antibiotics and bacterial resistance to general practitioners. The objective of this study is to demonstrate tha...

Evaluating a Novel Individualised Treatment Strategy for Carbapenem-Resistant Gram-Negative Bacteria Infections

Carbapenem-resistant (CR) Gram negative bacteria (GNB) - which are resistant to carbapenems (a last-line potent antibiotic with a high therapeutic index) - are also resistant to all other beta-lactam antibiotics. Most CRGNB are also extensively-drug resistant (XDR) (resistant to all classes of antibiotics except polymyxins and/or tigecycline) or pan-drug resistant (PDR) (resistant to all antibiotics), resulting in a dearth of effective options against these life-threatening inf...

Long Term Effect of General Practitioner Education on Antibiotic Prescribing

Respiratory tract infections are the most common indication for antibiotic prescribing in primary care. Several studies have shown a strong relationship between antibiotic use and bacterial resistance. The aim of this trial was to assess the long-term effect of a continuous education program on general practitioners antibiotic prescribing behaviour. 170 physicians were included in this study. Physicians randomized in the education group attended a two days seminar focused on ev...

Short 3-week Antibiotic Treatment Versus 6 Weeks in Adults With Septic Arthritis of Native Joint

In France, the incidence of native joint infections is about 10 per 100 000 person-years, most commonly caused by S.aureus followed by b-haemolytic streptococci. French and international antibiotic guidelines, based on expert advice and retrospective studies, recommend intravenous antibiotics for two weeks, then oral for 4 weeks without evident link between intravenous, prolonged oral treatment and cure. Long term exposure to antibiotics increases bacterial resistance, a major ...

Comparison of the Antihypertensive Efficacy of Valsartan and Enalapril After Missing One Dose

This study was designed in order to evaluate the blood pressure lowering effect of valsartan compared to enalapril over 24 hours after skipping one daily dose. Both drugs act on the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) and are widely use for the treatment of hypertension. Previous studies had a significant limitation: the effect of a missing dose was not evaluated after the whole 24 hours post missing dose period (48 hours after last taken dose), and as a result, it doe...

Mechanisms of Resistance and Molecular Epidemiology of Commonly Encountered Multi-Resistant Bacteria

o determine if extended-spectrum beta-lactamases, plasmid-mediated AmpC beta-lactamases, carbapenemases, chromosomal mutations in ribosomal RNA or other mechanisms of resistance account for antibiotic resistance in commonly encountered Gram negative and Gram positive bacteria at UPMC. Also to determine the molecular epidemiology and in vitro susceptibility of multiply resistant organisms at UPMC and to relate this to antibiotic use in the institution.

Rapid Molecular Organism Identification and Mixed Flora Antibiotic Resistance Profiling (MixAR) Prospective Study

In this protocol, investigators are examining the ability for a novel multiplex PCR assay with mixed floral antibiotic resistance profiling is safe and increases effective treatment for urinary tract infections in a urology clinic over traditional culture methods alone and decreases retreatment rates in this population.

Effects of Antibiotic Prophylaxis on Recurrent UTI in Children

Approximately, 3% of males and 8% of females will develop a urinary tract infection (UTI) during childhood, and most of these will be effectively treated by short-term antibiotic therapy. A subset of these children (20-48%), will develop recurrent UTI (RUTI), which may have long-term effects in the form of hypertension or renal damage. In an effort to prevent RUTIs physicians prescribe sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim (Septra) or nitrofurantoin as low dose antibiotic prophylaxis....

Predictors of Rates of Resistant Gram-Negative Bacteria

Antibiotic resistance in gram-negative bacteria continues to increase in US hospitals. This comes at a time when there are few new drugs in development that are active for these resistant organisms. The implication is that we must learn to use the drugs that we have more wisely and develop new strategies that will preserve existing agents. Antimicrobial "stewardship" programs are one strategy that many hospitals are adopting to improve the quality of antimicrobial use. The goa...

Comparison of Bismuth Containing Quadruple Therapy and Based Tailored Therapy for H. Pylori Infection

As the antibiotic resistance increases, the eradication rate of triple therapy is decreasing. Recent guideline recommend the use of bismuth-containing quadruple therapy in areas where clarithromycin resistance is greater than 15%. However, the ideal treatment would be the tailored therapy which choose the antibiotics depending on the antibiotic resistance. This study compared the eradication rates, safety and complicance of tailored therapy compared with empirical bismuth quadr...

Computerized Antibiotic Stewardship Study

Prescribing antibiotics frequently poses problems in practice, since patients don't always receive the right dosage of the right antibiotic for the right period of time. This promotes the emergence and spread of antibiotic resistance. We are developing a system designed to help doctors to use antibiotics more appropriately. Under COMPASS (COMPuterized Antibiotic Stewardship Study), doctors in three Swiss hospitals will receive tips on the use of antibiotics that are integrated ...

Antibiotic Durations for Gram-negative Bacteremia

Gram-negative bacteremia (GNB) is a frequent hospital & community-acquired infection, yet there is as yet no evidence from randomized studies on the optimal duration of antibiotic therapy. This point-of-care, multicenter randomized controlled non-inferiority trial will randomize 500 patients with GNB on day 5 of appropriate antibiotic therapy to either (1) a total of 7 days of antibiotic therapy, (2) a total of 14 days of antibiotic therapy, or (3) an individualized duration of...

Providing Antibiotic Prescribing Feedback to Primary Care Physicians: The Ontario Program To Improve AntiMicrobial USE

Antibiotic overuse occurs in multiple jurisdictions and is associated with rising rates of antimicrobial resistance. Mailing letters to the highest antibiotic prescribing physicians is a potentially effective method to optimize antibiotic use. The objectives of this study are to improve enrollment to Health Quality Ontario's Primary Care Practice report and reduce unnecessary antibiotic use. The investigators are conducting a randomized controlled trial recruiting the 3500 high...


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